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Sessions

This document provides a high-level overview of sessions as they relate to the Google Analytics SDK v4 for Android.

Overview

A session represents a single period of user interaction with your app. Sessions serve as useful containers of measured activity, which includes screen views, events, and ecommerce transactions.

Session Management

By default, Google Analytics will group hits that are received within 30 minutes of one another into the same session. This period is configurable at the property level. Learn how to configure this session timeout period.

Manual Session Management

You can manually start a new session when sending a hit to Google Analytics by using the setNewSession method. The following example shows how to start a new session when sending a screen view:

// Get tracker.
Tracker t = ((AnalyticsSampleApp) getActivity().getApplication()).getTracker(
    TrackerName.APP_TRACKER);

// Set screen name.
t.setScreenName(screenName);

// Start a new session with the hit.
t.send(new HitBuilders.ScreenViewBuilder()
    .setNewSession()
    .build());

See Advanced Configuration for details on the getTracker method.

Automatic Session Management

You can configure Google Analytics to automatically start new sessions when users have placed your app in the background for a period of time. This session timeout period is defined in seconds by the ga_sessionTimeout parameter in the tracker's xml file.

<resources>
  <integer name="ga_sessionTimeout">300</integer>
</resources>

To programatically set the session timeout:

t.setSessionTimeout(300L);