HTML Service: Create and Serve HTML

The HTML service lets you serve web pages that can interact with server-side Apps Script functions. It is particularly useful for building web apps or adding custom user interfaces in Google Docs, Sheets, and Forms. You can even use it to generate the body of an email.

Create HTML files

To add an HTML file to your Apps Script project, open the Script Editor and choose File > New > Html File.

Within the HTML file, you can write most standard HTML, CSS, and client-side JavaScript. The page will be served as HTML5, although some advanced features of HTML5 are not available, as explained in Restrictions.

Your file can also include template scriptlets that are processed on the server before the page is sent to the user — similar to PHP — as explained in the section on templated HTML.

Serve HTML as a web app

To create a web app with the HTML service, your code must include a doGet() function that tells the script how to serve the page. The function must return an HtmlOutput object, as shown in this example.

Code.gs

function doGet() {
  return HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
  </head>
  <body>
    Hello, World!
  </body>
</html>

Once that basic framework is in place, all you have to do is save a version of your script, then deploy your script as a web app.

After the script is deployed as a web app, you can also choose to embed it in a Google Site.

Serve HTML as a Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms user interface

The HTML service can display a dialog or sidebar in Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms if your script is container-bound to the file. (In Google Forms, custom user interfaces are only visible to an editor who opens the form to modify it, not to a user who opens the form to respond.)

Unlike a web app, a script that creates a user interface for a document, spreadsheet, or form does not need a doGet() function specifically, and you do not need to save a version of your script or deploy it. Instead, the function that opens the user interface must pass your HTML file as an HtmlOutput object to the showModalDialog()) or showSidebar() methods of the Ui object for the active document, form, or spreadsheet.

These examples include a few extra features for convenience: the onOpen() function creates a custom menu that makes it easy to open the interface, and the button in the HTML file invokes a special close() method of the google.script.host API to close the interface.

Code.gs

// Use this code for Google Docs, Forms, or new Sheets.
function onOpen() {
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .createMenu('Dialog')
      .addItem('Open', 'openDialog')
      .addToUi();
}

function openDialog() {
  var html = HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
  SpreadsheetApp.getUi() // Or DocumentApp or FormApp.
      .showModalDialog(html, 'Dialog title');
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
  </head>
  <body>
    Hello, World!
    <input type="button" value="Close"
        onclick="google.script.host.close()" />
  </body>
</html>

Note that the first time you want to display this user interface, you must either run the onOpen() function manually in the script editor or reload the window for the Docs, Sheets, or Forms editor (which will close the script editor). After that, the custom menu should appear within a few seconds every time you open the file. Choose Dialog > Open to see the interface.

发送以下问题的反馈:

此网页
Apps Script
Apps Script