Get food observation

Action ID
actions.intent.GET_FOOD_OBSERVATION
Description

Present the calculated or observed value for a property of a nutrient the user has consumed.

We recommend that you specify entities for foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name.

This built-in intent uses enumerated values for some parameters. Parameters that follow this pattern are listed in Supported text field values below, with the enumerated parameter values they support.

Locale support

Functionality Locales
Preview creation using App Actions test tool en-US, en-GB, en-CA, en-IN, en-BE, en-SG, en-AU
User invocation from Google Assistant en-US, en-GB, en-CA, en-IN, en-BE, en-SG, en-AU

Example queries

The following fields represent essential information that users often provide in queries that trigger this built-in intent:

foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name
foodObservation.disambiguatingDescription

Other supported fields

The following fields represent information that users often provide to disambiguate their needs or otherwise improve their results:

foodObservation.@type
foodObservation.aboutNutrient.@type
foodObservation.endTime
foodObservation.forMeal
foodObservation.startTime

Android Slices

We recommend implementing Android Slices for this built-in intent. An Android Slice presents information or interaction options from your app to improve user engagement in the Google Assistant.

Supported text values by field






Inventory availability by field


Sample actions.xml

For information about the actions schema, read Create actions.xml.

Handle intent parameters as URL parameters

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!-- This is a sample actions.xml -->
<actions>
  <action intentName="actions.intent.GET_FOOD_OBSERVATION">
    <fulfillment urlTemplate="myapp://custom-deeplink{?endTime,forMeal,startTime,name}">
      <!-- Eg. endTime = "2011-12-27T23:59:59" -->
      <!-- (Optional) Require a field eg.endTime for fulfillment with required="true" -->
      <parameter-mapping urlParameter="endTime" intentParameter="foodObservation.endTime" required="true" />
      <!-- Eg. forMeal = "http://schema.googleapis.com/MealTypeLunch" -->
      <parameter-mapping urlParameter="forMeal" intentParameter="foodObservation.forMeal" />
      <!-- Eg. startTime = "2011-12-27T00:00:00" -->
      <parameter-mapping urlParameter="startTime" intentParameter="foodObservation.startTime" />
      <!-- Eg. name = "Calories" -->
      <parameter-mapping urlParameter="name" intentParameter="foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name" />
    </fulfillment>

    <!-- Provide a fallback fulfillment with no required parameters. For example, to your app search or router deeplink -->
    <fulfillment urlTemplate="myapp://deeplink" />
  </action>
</actions>

Use inline inventory to guide query matching

foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name is a field that supports inline inventory. By defining an <entity-set> for foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name, you can uniquely identify entities that are of interest to your app or restrict fulfillment to the set of supported entities.

In the following example, when the user query matches the name_one entity, Assistant provides the associated identifier, ID_ONE, as the URL parameter name to fulfillment.

If there is no inventory match, the text value received in the query for foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name is passed as-is.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!-- This is a sample actions.xml -->
<actions>
  <action intentName="actions.intent.GET_FOOD_OBSERVATION">
    <fulfillment urlTemplate="myapp://deeplink{?name}" >
      <!-- name = "ID_ONE" or "ID_TWO"  -->
      <!-- If no inventory match, name is a text value, such as "Calories" -->
      <!-- (Optional) Use entityMatchRequired="true" to require inventory match for fulfillment -->
      <parameter-mapping urlParameter="name" intentParameter="foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name" />
    </fulfillment>

    <!-- Define parameters with inventories here -->
    <parameter name="foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name">
      <entity-set-reference entitySetId="nameEntitySet"/>
    </parameter>
  </action>

  <entity-set entitySetId="nameEntitySet">
    <!-- Provide an identifier per entity -->
    <entity identifier="ID_ONE" name="name_one" alternateName="@array/name_one_synonyms"/>
    <entity identifier="ID_TWO" name="name_two" alternateName="@array/name_two_synonyms"/>
  </entity-set>
</actions>

Derive fulfillment URL using inline inventory

The url attribute associated with the entity can be used to determine the fulfillment URL if there is an inventory match. In the following example, when the user query matches the name_one entity, Assistant provides myapp://deeplink/one as the fulfillment URL.

  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
  <!-- This is a sample actions.xml -->
  <actions>
    <action intentName="actions.intent.GET_FOOD_OBSERVATION">
      <!-- Use url from inventory match for deep link fulfillment -->
      <fulfillment urlTemplate="{@url}" />

      <!-- Provide a fallback fulfillment with no required parameters. For example, to your app search or router deeplink -->
      <fulfillment urlTemplate="myapp://deeplink" />

      <!-- Define parameters with inventories here -->
      <parameter name="foodObservation.aboutNutrient.name">
        <entity-set-reference entitySetId="nameEntitySet"/>
      </parameter>
    </action>

    <entity-set entitySetId="nameEntitySet">
      <!-- Provide a URL per entity -->
      <entity url="myapp://deeplink/one" name="name_one" alternateName="@array/name_one_synonyms"/>
      <entity url="myapp://deeplink/two" name="name_two" alternateName="@array/name_two_synonyms"/>
    </entity-set>
  </actions>
  

JSON-LD sample

The following JSON-LD sample provides some example values that you can use in the App Actions test tool:

{
  "@context": "http://schema.googleapis.com",
  "@type": "FoodObservation",
  "aboutNutrient": {
    "@type": "Nutrient",
    "name": "Calories"
  },
  "disambiguationDescription": "CONSUMED",
  "endTime": "2011-12-27T23:59:59",
  "forMeal": "http://schema.googleapis.com/MealTypeLunch",
  "startTime": "2011-12-27T00:00:00"
}