Błąd przekroczenia częstotliwości obsługi

Java

// Copyright 2019 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

package com.google.ads.googleads.examples.errorhandling;

import com.beust.jcommander.Parameter;
import com.google.ads.googleads.examples.utils.ArgumentNames;
import com.google.ads.googleads.examples.utils.CodeSampleParams;
import com.google.ads.googleads.lib.GoogleAdsClient;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.common.KeywordInfo;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.enums.AdGroupCriterionStatusEnum.AdGroupCriterionStatus;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.enums.KeywordMatchTypeEnum.KeywordMatchType;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.errors.GoogleAdsError;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.errors.GoogleAdsException;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.errors.QuotaErrorEnum.QuotaError;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.resources.AdGroupCriterion;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.services.AdGroupCriterionOperation;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.services.AdGroupCriterionServiceClient;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.services.MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.services.MutateAdGroupCriteriaResponse;
import com.google.ads.googleads.v11.utils.ResourceNames;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.List;

/**
 * Handles RateExceededError in an application. This code example runs 5 threads in parallel, each
 * thread attempting to validate 100 keywords in a single request. While spanning 5 parallel threads
 * is unlikely to trigger a rate exceeded error, substantially increasing the number of threads may
 * have that effect. Note that this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you shouldn't
 * intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.
 */
public class HandleRateExceededError {
  private static class HandleRateExceededErrorParams extends CodeSampleParams {

    @Parameter(names = ArgumentNames.CUSTOMER_ID, required = true)
    private Long customerId;

    @Parameter(names = ArgumentNames.AD_GROUP_ID, required = true)
    private Long adGroupId;
  }

  public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
    HandleRateExceededErrorParams params = new HandleRateExceededErrorParams();
    if (!params.parseArguments(args)) {
      // Either pass the required parameters for this example on the command line, or insert them
      // into the code here. See the parameter class definition above for descriptions.
      params.customerId = Long.parseLong("INSERT_CUSTOMER_ID_HERE");
      params.adGroupId = Long.parseLong("INSERT_AD_GROUP_ID_HERE");
    }

    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient = null;
    try {
      googleAdsClient = GoogleAdsClient.newBuilder().fromPropertiesFile().build();
    } catch (FileNotFoundException fnfe) {
      System.err.printf(
          "Failed to load GoogleAdsClient configuration from file. Exception: %s%n", fnfe);
      System.exit(1);
    } catch (IOException ioe) {
      System.err.printf("Failed to create GoogleAdsClient. Exception: %s%n", ioe);
      System.exit(1);
    }

    try {
      new HandleRateExceededError()
          .runExample(googleAdsClient, params.customerId, params.adGroupId);
    } catch (GoogleAdsException gae) {
      // GoogleAdsException is the base class for most exceptions thrown by an API request.
      // Instances of this exception have a message and a GoogleAdsFailure that contains a
      // collection of GoogleAdsErrors that indicate the underlying causes of the
      // GoogleAdsException.
      System.err.printf(
          "Request ID %s failed due to GoogleAdsException. Underlying errors:%n",
          gae.getRequestId());
      int i = 0;
      for (GoogleAdsError googleAdsError : gae.getGoogleAdsFailure().getErrorsList()) {
        System.err.printf("  Error %d: %s%n", i++, googleAdsError);
      }
      System.exit(1);
    }
  }

  /**
   * Runs the example.
   *
   * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
   * @param customerId the client customer ID.
   * @param adGroupId the ID of the ad group to which keywords are added.
   */
  private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId, long adGroupId)
      throws InterruptedException {
    final int NUM_THREADS = 5;

    List<Thread> threads = new ArrayList<>();

    // Adds 5 threads that validate keywords to a list.
    for (int i = 0; i < NUM_THREADS; i++) {
      KeywordsThread keywordsThread = new KeywordsThread(googleAdsClient, customerId, adGroupId, i);
      Thread thread = new Thread(keywordsThread);
      threads.add(thread);
    }

    // Starts the threads.
    for (Thread thread : threads) {
      thread.start();
    }

    // Ensures the calling thread waits until all threads of terminated.
    for (Thread thread : threads) {
      thread.join();
    }
  }

  /** Thread class for validating keywords */
  private static class KeywordsThread implements Runnable {
    // Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
    private final int NUM_KEYWORDS = 100;

    // The GoogleAdsClient.
    private final GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient;

    // The customer ID.
    private final long customerId;

    // The ad group ID to which keywords are added.
    private final long adGroupId;

    // Index of this thread, for identifying and debugging.
    private final int threadIndex;

    /**
     * Initializes a new instance of the KeywordThread
     *
     * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
     * @param customerId the client customer ID.
     * @param adGroupId the ID of the ad group to which keywords are added.
     * @param threadIndex the index of the thread.
     */
    public KeywordsThread(
        GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId, long adGroupId, int threadIndex) {
      this.googleAdsClient = googleAdsClient;
      this.customerId = customerId;
      this.adGroupId = adGroupId;
      this.threadIndex = threadIndex;
    }

    /** Main method for the thread. */
    public void run() {
      List<AdGroupCriterionOperation> operations = new ArrayList<>();

      for (int i = 0; i < NUM_KEYWORDS; i++) {
        // Configures the keywordText text and match type settings.
        KeywordInfo keywordInfo =
            KeywordInfo.newBuilder()
                .setText(
                    "mars cruise thread "
                        + String.valueOf(threadIndex)
                        + " seed "
                        + ""
                        + String.valueOf(i))
                .setMatchType(KeywordMatchType.EXACT)
                .build();

        String adGroupResourceName = ResourceNames.adGroup(customerId, adGroupId);

        // Constructs an ad group criterion using the keywordText configuration above.
        AdGroupCriterion criterion =
            AdGroupCriterion.newBuilder()
                .setAdGroup(adGroupResourceName)
                .setStatus(AdGroupCriterionStatus.PAUSED)
                .setKeyword(keywordInfo)
                .build();

        // Creates the operation.
        AdGroupCriterionOperation operation =
            AdGroupCriterionOperation.newBuilder().setCreate(criterion).build();

        operations.add(operation);
      }

      // Gets the AdGroupCriterionService. This should be done within the thread, since a service
      // can only handle one outgoing HTTP request at a time.
      try (AdGroupCriterionServiceClient adGroupCriterionServiceClient =
          googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createAdGroupCriterionServiceClient()) {

        int retryCount = 0;
        int retrySeconds = 10;
        final int NUM_RETRIES = 3;

        try {
          while (retryCount < NUM_RETRIES) {
            try {
              // Creates the validateOnly request.
              MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest mutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest =
                  MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest.newBuilder()
                      .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
                      .addAllOperations(operations)
                      .setValidateOnly(true)
                      .build();

              // Makes the mutate request. The result set will be empty because validateOnly is set
              // to true in the MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest.
              MutateAdGroupCriteriaResponse response =
                  adGroupCriterionServiceClient.mutateAdGroupCriteria(mutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest);
              System.out.printf("%d operations validated.%n", operations.size());
              break;
            } catch (GoogleAdsException gae) {
              for (GoogleAdsError googleAdsError : gae.getGoogleAdsFailure().getErrorsList()) {
                // Checks if any of the errors are QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
                // QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
                if (googleAdsError.getErrorCode().getQuotaError() == QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED
                    || googleAdsError.getErrorCode().getQuotaError()
                        == QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED) {
                  System.err.printf(
                      "Received rate exceeded error, retry after %d seconds.%n", retrySeconds);
                  Thread.sleep(retrySeconds * 1000);
                  retryCount++;
                  // Uses an exponential backoff policy to avoid polling too aggressively.
                  retrySeconds *= 2;
                }
              }
            } finally {
              if (retryCount == NUM_RETRIES) {
                throw new Exception(
                    String.format("Could not recover after making %d attempts.%n", retryCount));
              }
            }
          }
        } catch (Exception e) {
          System.err.printf("Failed to validate keywords.%n", e);
          System.exit(1);
        }
      }
    }
  }
}

      

C#

// Copyright 2020 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

using CommandLine;
using Google.Ads.Gax.Examples;
using Google.Ads.GoogleAds.Lib;
using Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Common;
using Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Errors;
using Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Resources;
using Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Services;
using System;
using System.Collections.Generic;
using System.Linq;
using System.Threading;
using System.Threading.Tasks;
using static Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Enums.AdGroupCriterionStatusEnum.Types;
using static Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Enums.KeywordMatchTypeEnum.Types;
using static Google.Ads.GoogleAds.V11.Errors.QuotaErrorEnum.Types;

namespace Google.Ads.GoogleAds.Examples.V11
{
    /// <summary>
    /// This code example demonstrates how to handle RateExceededError in an application.
    /// This code example runs 5 threads in parallel, each thread attempting to validate
    /// 100 keywords in a single request. While spanning 5 parallel threads is unlikely to
    /// trigger a rate exceeded error, substantially increasing the  number of threads may
    /// have that effect. Note that this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you
    /// shouldn't intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.
    /// </summary>
    public class HandleRateExceededError : ExampleBase
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Command line options for running the <see cref="HandleRateExceededError"/> example.
        /// </summary>
        public class Options : OptionsBase
        {
            /// <summary>
            /// The customer ID for which the call is made.
            /// </summary>
            [Option("customerId", Required = true, HelpText =
                "The customer ID for which the call is made.")]
            public long CustomerId { get; set; }

            /// <summary>
            /// ID of the ad group to which keywords are added.
            /// </summary>
            [Option("adGroupId", Required = true, HelpText =
                "ID of the ad group to which keywords are added.")]
            public long AdGroupId { get; set; }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Main method, to run this code example as a standalone application.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="args">The command line arguments.</param>
        public static void Main(string[] args)
        {
            Options options = ExampleUtilities.ParseCommandLine<Options>(args);

            HandleRateExceededError codeExample = new HandleRateExceededError();
            Console.WriteLine(codeExample.Description);
            codeExample.Run(new GoogleAdsClient(), options.CustomerId, options.AdGroupId);
        }

        // Number of threads to use in the code example.
        private const int NUM_THREADS = 5;

        // Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
        private const int NUM_KEYWORDS = 5000;

        /// <summary>
        /// Returns a description about the code example.
        /// </summary>
        public override string Description =>
            "This code example demonstrates how to handle RateExceededError in an application. " +
            "This code example runs 5 threads in parallel, each thread attempting to validate " +
            "100 keywords in a single request. While spanning 5 parallel threads is unlikely to " +
            "trigger a rate exceeded error, substantially increasing the  number of threads may " +
            "have that effect. Note that this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you " +
            "shouldn't intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.";

        /// <summary>
        /// Runs the code example.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="client">The Google Ads client.</param>
        /// <param name="customerId">The customer ID for which the call is made.</param>
        /// <param name="adGroupId">ID of the ad group to which keywords are added.</param>
        public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId, long adGroupId)
        {
            List<Task> tasks = new List<Task>();
            for (int i = 0; i < NUM_THREADS; i++)
            {
                Task t = CreateKeyword(client, i, customerId, adGroupId);
                tasks.Add(t);
            }

            Task.WaitAll(tasks.ToArray());
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Displays the result from the mutate operation.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="client">The Google Ads client.</param>
        /// <param name="customerId">The Google Ads customer ID for which the call is made.</param>
        /// <param name="adGroupId">The ad group to which keywords are added.</param>
        /// <param name="threadIndex">The thread ID.</param>
        private async Task CreateKeyword(GoogleAdsClient client, int threadIndex, long customerId,
            long adGroupId)
        {
            await Task.Run(() =>
            {
                // Get the AdGroupCriterionServiceClient.
                AdGroupCriterionServiceClient adGroupCriterionService =
                    client.GetService(Services.V11.AdGroupCriterionService);

                List<AdGroupCriterionOperation> operations = new List<AdGroupCriterionOperation>();

                for (int i = 0; i < NUM_KEYWORDS; i++)
                {
                    AdGroupCriterion criterion = new AdGroupCriterion()
                    {
                        Keyword = new KeywordInfo()
                        {
                            Text = $"mars cruise thread {threadIndex} seed {i}",
                            MatchType = KeywordMatchType.Exact
                        },
                        AdGroup = ResourceNames.AdGroup(customerId, adGroupId),
                        Status = AdGroupCriterionStatus.Paused
                    };

                    // Creates the operation.
                    operations.Add(new AdGroupCriterionOperation() { Create = criterion });
                }

                int retryCount = 0;
                int retrySeconds = 30;
                const int NUM_RETRIES = 3;

                while (retryCount < NUM_RETRIES)
                {
                    try
                    {
                        // Makes the validateOnly mutate request.
                        MutateAdGroupCriteriaResponse response =
                            adGroupCriterionService.MutateAdGroupCriteria(
                                new MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest()
                                {
                                    CustomerId = customerId.ToString(),
                                    Operations = { operations },
                                    PartialFailure = false,
                                    ValidateOnly = true
                                });
                        Console.WriteLine($"[{threadIndex}] Validated {operations.Count} " +
                            $"ad group criteria:");
                        break;
                    }
                    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
                    {
                        // Checks if any of the errors are QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
                        // QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
                        // Note: The code assumes that the developer token is approved for
                        // Standard Access.
                        if (e.Failure != null)
                        {
                            bool isRateExceededError = false;
                            e.Failure.Errors
                            .Where(err =>
                                err.ErrorCode.QuotaError == QuotaError.ResourceExhausted ||
                                err.ErrorCode.QuotaError == QuotaError.ResourceTemporarilyExhausted)
                            .ToList()
                            .ForEach(delegate (GoogleAdsError err)
                                {
                                    Console.Error.WriteLine($"[{threadIndex}] Received rate " +
                                        $"exceeded error. Message says, \"{err.Message}\".");
                                    isRateExceededError = true;
                                }
                            );
                            if (isRateExceededError)
                            {
                                Console.Error.WriteLine(
                                    $"[{threadIndex}] Will retry after  {retrySeconds} seconds.");
                                Thread.Sleep(retrySeconds * 1000);
                                retryCount++;
                                // Uses an exponential backoff policy to avoid polling too
                                // aggressively.
                                retrySeconds *= 2;
                            }
                        }
                        else
                        {
                            Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
                            Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
                            Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
                            Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
                            break;
                        }
                    }
                    finally
                    {
                        if (retryCount == NUM_RETRIES)
                        {
                            throw new Exception($"[{ threadIndex }] Could not recover after " +
                                $"making {retryCount} attempts.");
                        }
                    }
                }
            });
        }
    }
}

      

PHP

<?php

/**
 * Copyright 2019 Google LLC
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

namespace Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Examples\ErrorHandling;

require __DIR__ . '/../../vendor/autoload.php';

use GetOpt\GetOpt;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Examples\Utils\ArgumentNames;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Examples\Utils\ArgumentParser;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Lib\OAuth2TokenBuilder;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Lib\V11\GoogleAdsClient;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Lib\V11\GoogleAdsClientBuilder;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Lib\V11\GoogleAdsException;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\Util\V11\ResourceNames;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Common\KeywordInfo;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Enums\AdGroupCriterionStatusEnum\AdGroupCriterionStatus;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Enums\KeywordMatchTypeEnum\KeywordMatchType;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Errors\GoogleAdsError;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Errors\QuotaErrorEnum\QuotaError;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Resources\AdGroupCriterion;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Services\AdGroupCriterionOperation;
use Google\Ads\GoogleAds\V11\Services\GoogleAdsRow;
use Google\ApiCore\ApiException;
use Exception;

/**
 * Handles RateExceededError in an application. This code example runs 5 requests sequentially,
 * each request attempting to validate 100 keywords. While it is unlikely that running
 * these requests would trigger a rate exceeded error, substantially increasing the
 * number of requests may have that effect. Note that this example is for illustrative
 * purposes only, and you shouldn't intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your
 * application.
 */
class HandleRateExceededError
{
    private const CUSTOMER_ID = 'INSERT_CUSTOMER_ID_HERE';
    private const AD_GROUP_ID = 'INSERT_AD_GROUP_ID_HERE';

    // Number of requests to be run.
    private const NUM_REQUESTS = 5;
    // Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
    private const NUM_KEYWORDS = 100;
    // Number of retries to be run in case of a RateExceededError.
    private const NUM_RETRIES = 3;
    // Minimum number of seconds to wait before a retry.
    private const RETRY_SECONDS = 10;

    public static function main()
    {
        // Either pass the required parameters for this example on the command line, or insert them
        // into the constants above.
        $options = (new ArgumentParser())->parseCommandArguments([
            ArgumentNames::CUSTOMER_ID => GetOpt::REQUIRED_ARGUMENT,
            ArgumentNames::AD_GROUP_ID => GetOpt::REQUIRED_ARGUMENT
        ]);

        // Generate a refreshable OAuth2 credential for authentication.
        $oAuth2Credential = (new OAuth2TokenBuilder())->fromFile()->build();

        // Construct a Google Ads client configured from a properties file and the
        // OAuth2 credentials above.
        $googleAdsClient = (new GoogleAdsClientBuilder())->fromFile()
            ->withOAuth2Credential($oAuth2Credential)
            ->build();

        try {
            self::runExample(
                $googleAdsClient,
                $options[ArgumentNames::CUSTOMER_ID] ?: self::CUSTOMER_ID,
                $options[ArgumentNames::AD_GROUP_ID] ?: self::AD_GROUP_ID
            );
        } catch (GoogleAdsException $googleAdsException) {
            printf(
                "Request with ID '%s' has failed.%sGoogle Ads failure details:%s",
                $googleAdsException->getRequestId(),
                PHP_EOL,
                PHP_EOL
            );
            foreach ($googleAdsException->getGoogleAdsFailure()->getErrors() as $error) {
                /** @var GoogleAdsError $error */
                printf(
                    "\t%s: %s%s",
                    $error->getErrorCode()->getErrorCode(),
                    $error->getMessage(),
                    PHP_EOL
                );
            }
            exit(1);
        } catch (ApiException $apiException) {
            printf(
                "ApiException was thrown with message '%s'.%s",
                $apiException->getMessage(),
                PHP_EOL
            );
            exit(1);
        }
    }

    /**
     * Runs the example.
     *
     * @param GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client
     * @param int $customerId the customer ID
     * @param int $adGroupId the ad group ID to validate keywords from
     */
    public static function runExample(
        GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient,
        int $customerId,
        int $adGroupId
    ) {
        // Sequentially sends the requests.
        for ($i = 0; $i < self::NUM_REQUESTS; $i++) {
            // Creates operations.
            $operations = self::createAdGroupCriterionOperations($customerId, $adGroupId, $i);

            try {
                $retryCount = 0;
                $retrySeconds = self::RETRY_SECONDS;
                while ($retryCount < self::NUM_RETRIES) {
                    try {
                        // Sends request.
                        self::requestMutateAndDisplayResult(
                            $googleAdsClient,
                            $customerId,
                            $operations
                        );
                        break;
                    } catch (GoogleAdsException $googleAdsException) {
                        $hasRateExceededError = false;
                        foreach (
                            $googleAdsException->getGoogleAdsFailure()
                                ->getErrors() as $googleAdsError
                        ) {
                            // Checks if any of the errors are QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
                            // QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
                            if (
                                $googleAdsError->getErrorCode()->getQuotaError()
                                    == QuotaError::RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED
                                || $googleAdsError->getErrorCode()->getQuotaError()
                                    == QuotaError::RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED
                            ) {
                                printf(
                                    'Received rate exceeded error, retry after %d seconds.%s',
                                    $retrySeconds,
                                    PHP_EOL
                                );
                                sleep($retrySeconds);
                                $hasRateExceededError = true;
                                $retryCount++;
                                // Uses an exponential back-off policy.
                                $retrySeconds *= 2;
                                break;
                            }
                        }
                        // Bubbles up when there is not RateExceededError
                        if (!$hasRateExceededError) {
                            throw $googleAdsException;
                        }
                    } finally {
                        // Bubbles up when the number of retries has already been reached.
                        if ($retryCount == self::NUM_RETRIES) {
                            throw new Exception(sprintf(
                                'Could not recover after making %d attempts.%s',
                                $retryCount,
                                PHP_EOL
                            ));
                        }
                    }
                }
            } catch (Exception $exception) {
                // Prints any unhandled exception and bubbles up.
                printf(
                    'Failed to validate keywords.%1$s%2$s%1$s',
                    PHP_EOL,
                    $exception->getMessage()
                );
                throw $exception;
            }
        }
    }

    /**
     * Creates ad group criterion operations.
     *
     * @param int $customerId the customer ID
     * @param int $adGroupId the ad group ID to link the ad group criteria to
     * @param int $reqIndex the request index
     * @return array the created ad group criterion operations
     */
    private static function createAdGroupCriterionOperations(
        int $customerId,
        int $adGroupId,
        int $reqIndex
    ) {
        $operations = [];
        for ($i = 0; $i < self::NUM_KEYWORDS; $i++) {
            // Creates a keyword info.
            $keywordInfo = new KeywordInfo([
                'text' => 'mars cruise req ' . $reqIndex . ' seed ' . $i,
                'match_type' => KeywordMatchType::EXACT
            ]);

            // Constructs an ad group criterion using the keyword text info above.
            $adGroupCriterion = new AdGroupCriterion([
                'ad_group' => ResourceNames::forAdGroup($customerId, $adGroupId),
                'status' => AdGroupCriterionStatus::ENABLED,
                'keyword' => $keywordInfo
            ]);

            // Creates an ad group criterion operation.
            $adGroupCriterionOperation = new AdGroupCriterionOperation();
            $adGroupCriterionOperation->setCreate($adGroupCriterion);
            $operations[] = $adGroupCriterionOperation;
        }
        return $operations;
    }

    /**
     * Requests a mutate of ad group criterion operations and displays the results.
     *
     * @param GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client
     * @param int $customerId the customer ID
     * @param array $operations the ad group criterion operations
     */
    private static function requestMutateAndDisplayResult(
        GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient,
        int $customerId,
        array $operations
    ) {
        $adGroupCriterionServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getAdGroupCriterionServiceClient();
        // Makes a validateOnly mutate request.
        $response = $adGroupCriterionServiceClient->mutateAdGroupCriteria(
            $customerId,
            $operations,
            ['partialFailure' => false, 'validateOnly' => true]
        );
        // Displays the results.
        printf(
            "Added %d ad group criteria:%s",
            $response->getResults()->count(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
        foreach ($response->getResults() as $result) {
            /** @var GoogleAdsRow $result */
            print $result->getAdGroupCriterion()->getResourceName() . PHP_EOL;
        }
    }
}

HandleRateExceededError::main();

      

Python

#!/usr/bin/env python
# Copyright 2020 Google LLC
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
"""Handles RateExceededError in an application.

This code example runs 5 requests sequentially, each request attempting to
validate 100 keywords. While it is unlikely that running these requests would
trigger a rate exceeded error, substantially increasing the number of requests
may have that effect. Note that this example is for illustrative purposes only,
and you shouldn't intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your
application.
"""


import argparse
from time import sleep

from google.ads.googleads.client import GoogleAdsClient
from google.ads.googleads.errors import GoogleAdsException

# Number of requests to be run.
NUM_REQUESTS = 5
# Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
NUM_KEYWORDS = 100
# Number of retries to be run in case of a RateExceededError.
NUM_RETRIES = 3
# Minimum number of seconds to wait before a retry.
RETRY_SECONDS = 10


def main(client, customer_id, ad_group_id):
    """Runs the example code, which shows how to handle rate exceeded errors.

    Args:
        client:  An initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: A valid customer account ID.
        ad_group_id: The ad group ID to validate keywords from.
    """
    quota_error_enum = client.get_type("QuotaErrorEnum").QuotaError
    resource_exhausted = quota_error_enum.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED
    temp_resource_exhausted = quota_error_enum.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED

    for i in range(NUM_REQUESTS):
        operations = create_ad_group_criterion_operations(
            client, customer_id, ad_group_id, i
        )

        try:
            retry_count = 0
            retry_seconds = RETRY_SECONDS

            while retry_count < NUM_RETRIES:
                try:
                    request_mutate_and_display_result(
                        client, customer_id, operations
                    )
                    break
                except GoogleAdsException as ex:
                    has_rate_exceeded_error = False
                    for googleads_error in ex.failure.errors:
                        # Checks if any of the errors are
                        # QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
                        # QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
                        quota_error = googleads_error.error_code.quota_error
                        if (
                            quota_error == resource_exhausted
                            or quota_error == temp_resource_exhausted
                        ):
                            print(
                                "Received rate exceeded error, retry after"
                                f"{retry_seconds} seconds."
                            )
                            sleep(retry_seconds)
                            has_rate_exceeded_error = True
                            retry_count += 1
                            # Here exponential backoff is employed to ensure
                            # the account doesn't get rate limited by making
                            # too many requests too quickly. This increases the
                            # time to wait between requests by a factor of 2.
                            retry_seconds *= 2
                            break
                    # Bubbles up when there is not a RateExceededError
                    if not has_rate_exceeded_error:
                        raise ex
                finally:
                    if retry_count == NUM_RETRIES:
                        raise Exception(
                            "Could not recover after making "
                            f"{retry_count} attempts."
                        )
        except Exception as ex:
            # Prints any unhandled exception and bubbles up.
            print(f"Failed to validate keywords: {ex}")
            raise ex


def create_ad_group_criterion_operations(
    client, customer_id, ad_group_id, request_index
):
    """Creates ad group criterion operations.

    The number of operations created depends on the number of keywords this
    example should remove. That value is configurable via the NUM_KEYWORDS
    variable.

    Args:
        client:  An initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: A valid customer account ID.
        ad_group_id: An ID for an AdGroup.
        request_index: The number from a sequence of requests in which these
            operations will be sent.

    Returns:
        A list of AdGroupCriterionOperation instances.
    """
    ad_group_service = client.get_service("AdGroupService")
    status = client.enums.AdGroupCriterionStatusEnum.ENABLED
    match_type = client.enums.KeywordMatchTypeEnum.EXACT

    operations = []
    for i in range(NUM_KEYWORDS):
        ad_group_criterion_operation = client.get_type(
            "AdGroupCriterionOperation"
        )
        ad_group_criterion = ad_group_criterion_operation.create
        ad_group_criterion.ad_group = ad_group_service.ad_group_path(
            customer_id, ad_group_id
        )
        ad_group_criterion.status = status
        ad_group_criterion.keyword.text = (
            f"mars cruise req {request_index} seed {i}"
        )
        ad_group_criterion.keyword.match_type = match_type
        operations.append(ad_group_criterion_operation)

    return operations


def request_mutate_and_display_result(client, customer_id, operations):
    """Mutates a set of ad group criteria as a dry-run and displays the results.

    The request is sent with validate_only set to true, so no actual mutations
    will be made in the API.

    Args:
        client:  An initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: A valid customer account ID.
        operations: a list of AdGroupCriterionOperation instances.
    """
    ad_group_criterion_service = client.get_service("AdGroupCriterionService")
    request = client.get_type("MutateAdGroupCriteriaRequest")
    request.customer_id = customer_id
    request.operations = operations
    request.validate_only = True
    response = ad_group_criterion_service.mutate_ad_group_criteria(
        request=request
    )
    print(f"Added {len(response.results)} ad group criteria:")
    for ad_group_criterion in response.results:
        print(f"Resource name: '{ad_group_criterion.resource_name}'")


if __name__ == "__main__":
    # GoogleAdsClient will read the google-ads.yaml configuration file in the
    # home directory if none is specified.
    googleads_client = GoogleAdsClient.load_from_storage(version="v11")

    parser = argparse.ArgumentParser(
        description="Handles RateExceededError in an application.."
    )
    # The following argument(s) should be provided to run the example.
    parser.add_argument(
        "-c",
        "--customer_id",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="The Google Ads customer ID.",
    )
    parser.add_argument(
        "-a",
        "--ad_group_id",
        type=str,
        required=True,
        help="The ID of an ad group belonging to the given customer.",
    )
    args = parser.parse_args()

    main(googleads_client, args.customer_id, args.ad_group_id)

      

Ruby

# Encoding: utf-8
#
# Copyright 2020 Google LLC
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
#
# Handles RateExceededError in an application. This code example runs 5 requests
# sequentially, each request attempting to validate 100 keywords. While it is
# unlikely that running these requests would trigger a rate exceeded error,
# substantially increasing the number of requests may have that effect. Note
# that this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you shouldn't
# intentionally try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.

require 'optparse'
require 'google/ads/google_ads'
require 'date'

def handle_rate_exceeded_error(customer_id, ad_group_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  # Sequentially sends the requests.
  NUM_REQUESTS.times do |i|
    # Creates operations.
    operations = create_ad_group_criterion_operations(
      client, customer_id, ad_group_id, i)

    begin
      retry_count = 0
      retry_seconds = RETRY_SECONDS
      while retry_count < NUM_RETRIES
        begin
          # Sends request.
          request_mutate_and_display_result(client, customer_id, operations)
          break
        rescue Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Errors::GoogleAdsError => e
          has_rate_exceeded_error = false
          e.failure.errors.each do |error|
            # Checks if any of the errors are QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
            # QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
            if error.error_code.quota_error == :RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED \
              || error.error_code.quota_error == :RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED
              puts "Received rate exceeded error, retry after " \
                "#{retry_seconds} seconds."
              sleep retry_seconds
              has_rate_exceeded_error = true
              retry_count += 1
              # Uses an exponential back-off policy.
              retry_seconds *= 2
              break
            end
          end
          # Bubbles up when there is not RateExceededError.
          if !has_rate_exceeded_error
            raise
          end
        ensure
          # Bubbles up when the number of retries has already been reached.
          if retry_count == NUM_RETRIES
            raise "Could not recover after making #{retry_count} attempts."
          end
        end
      end
    rescue StandardError => e
      # Prints any unhandled exception and bubbles up.
      puts "Failed to validate keywords. #{e.message}"
      raise
    end
  end
end

def create_ad_group_criterion_operations(
  client,
  customer_id,
  ad_group_id,
  req_index
)
  operations = []
  NUM_KEYWORDS.times do |i|
    # Creates an ad group criterion operation.
    operations << client.operation.create_resource.ad_group_criterion do |agc|
      agc.ad_group = client.path.ad_group(customer_id, ad_group_id)
      agc.status = :ENABLED
      agc.keyword = client.resource.keyword_info do |ki|
        ki.text = "mars cruise req #{req_index} seed #{i}"
        ki.match_type = :EXACT
      end
    end
  end
  operations
end

def request_mutate_and_display_result(client, customer_id, operations)
  # Makes a validate_only mutate request.
  response = client.service.ad_group_criterion.mutate_ad_group_criteria(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    operations: operations,
    partial_failure: false,
    validate_only: true,
  )

  # Displays the results.
  puts "Added #{response.results.size} ad group criteria:"
  response.results.each do |result|
    puts "\t#{result.resource_name}"
  end
end

if __FILE__ == $PROGRAM_NAME
  # Number of requests to be run.
  NUM_REQUESTS = 5
  # Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
  NUM_KEYWORDS = 100
  # Number of retries to be run in case of a RateExceededError.
  NUM_RETRIES = 3
  # Minimum number of seconds to wait before a retry.
  RETRY_SECONDS = 10

  options = {}
  # The following parameter(s) should be provided to run the example. You can
  # either specify these by changing the INSERT_XXX_ID_HERE values below, or on
  # the command line.
  #
  # Parameters passed on the command line will override any parameters set in
  # code.
  #
  # Running the example with -h will print the command line usage.
  options[:customer_id] = 'INSERT_CUSTOMER_ID_HERE'
  options[:ad_group_id] = 'INSERT_AD_GROUP_ID_HERE'

  OptionParser.new do |opts|
    opts.banner = sprintf('Usage: ruby %s [options]', File.basename(__FILE__))

    opts.separator ''
    opts.separator 'Options:'

    opts.on('-C', '--customer-id CUSTOMER-ID', String, 'Customer ID') do |v|
      options[:customer_id] = v
    end

    opts.on('-A', '--ad-group-id AD-GROUP-ID', String, 'Ad Group ID') do |v|
      options[:ad_group_id] = v
    end

    opts.separator ''
    opts.separator 'Help:'

    opts.on_tail('-h', '--help', 'Show this message') do
      puts opts
      exit
    end
  end.parse!

  begin
    handle_rate_exceeded_error(
      options.fetch(:customer_id).tr("-", ""),
      options.fetch(:ad_group_id),
    )
  rescue Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Errors::GoogleAdsError => e
    e.failure.errors.each do |error|
      STDERR.printf("Error with message: %s\n", error.message)
      if error.location
        error.location.field_path_elements.each do |field_path_element|
          STDERR.printf("\tOn field: %s\n", field_path_element.field_name)
        end
      end
      error.error_code.to_h.each do |k, v|
        next if v == :UNSPECIFIED
        STDERR.printf("\tType: %s\n\tCode: %s\n", k, v)
      end
    end
    raise
  end
end

      

Perl

#!/usr/bin/perl -w
#
# Copyright 2019, Google LLC
#
# Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
# you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
# You may obtain a copy of the License at
#
#     http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
#
# Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
# distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
# WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
# See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
# limitations under the License.
#
# Handles RateExceededError in an application. This code example runs 5 requests
# sequentially, each request attempting to validate 100 keywords. While it is
# unlikely that running these requests would trigger a rate exceeded error,
# substantially increasing the number of requests may have that effect. Note that
# this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you shouldn't intentionally
# try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.

use strict;
use warnings;
use utf8;

use FindBin qw($Bin);
use lib "$Bin/../../lib";
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Client;
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::GoogleAdsHelper;
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Resources::AdGroupCriterion;
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Common::KeywordInfo;
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Enums::KeywordMatchTypeEnum qw(EXACT);
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Enums::AdGroupCriterionStatusEnum qw(ENABLED);
use
  Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Services::AdGroupCriterionService::AdGroupCriterionOperation;
use Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Utils::ResourceNames;

use Getopt::Long qw(:config auto_help);
use Pod::Usage;
use Cwd qw(abs_path);
use Time::HiRes qw(sleep);

# Number of requests to be run.
use constant NUM_REQUESTS => 5;
# Number of keywords to be validated in each API call.
use constant NUM_KEYWORDS => 100;
# Number of retries to be run in case of a RateExceededError.
use constant NUM_RETRIES => 3;
# Minimum number of seconds to wait before a retry.
use constant RETRY_SECONDS => 10;

# The following parameter(s) should be provided to run the example. You can
# either specify these by changing the INSERT_XXX_ID_HERE values below, or on
# the command line.
#
# Parameters passed on the command line will override any parameters set in
# code.
#
# Running the example with -h will print the command line usage.
my $customer_id = "INSERT_CUSTOMER_ID_HERE";
my $ad_group_id = "INSERT_AD_GROUP_ID_HERE";

sub handle_rate_exceeded_error {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id, $ad_group_id) = @_;

  # Sequentially send the requests.
  for (my $i = 0 ; $i < NUM_REQUESTS ; $i++) {
    # Create operations.
    my $operations =
      create_ad_group_criterion_operations($customer_id, $ad_group_id, $i);

    eval {
      my $retry_count   = 0;
      my $retry_seconds = RETRY_SECONDS;
      while ($retry_count < NUM_RETRIES) {
        # Send request.
        my $response =
          request_mutate_and_display_result($api_client, $customer_id,
          $operations);
        if ($response->isa("Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsException")) {
          my $has_rate_exceeded_error = 0;
          foreach my $error (@{$response->get_google_ads_failure()->{errors}}) {
            # Check if any of the errors are QuotaError.RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED or
            # QuotaError.RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED.
            my $quota_error = $error->{errorCode}{quotaError};
            if ($quota_error && grep /^$quota_error/,
              ("RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED", "RESOURCE_TEMPORARILY_EXHAUSTED"))
            {
              printf "Received rate exceeded error, retry after %d seconds.\n",
                $retry_seconds;
              sleep($retry_seconds);
              $has_rate_exceeded_error = 1;
              $retry_count++;
              # Use an exponential back-off policy.
              $retry_seconds *= 2;
              last;
            }
          }
          # Bubble up when there is not RateExceededError.
          if (not $has_rate_exceeded_error) {
            die $response->get_message();
          }
        } else {
          last;
        }

        # Bubble up when the number of retries has already been reached.
        if ($retry_count == NUM_RETRIES) {
          die "Could not recover after making $retry_count attempts.\n",;
        }
      }
    };

    if ($@) {
      # Catch and print any unhandled exception.
      printf "Failed to validate keywords.\n%s", $@;
      return 0;
    }
  }

  return 1;
}

# Creates ad group criterion operations.
sub create_ad_group_criterion_operations {
  my ($customer_id, $ad_group_id, $request_index) = @_;

  my $operations = [];
  for (my $i = 0 ; $i < NUM_KEYWORDS ; $i++) {
    # Create a keyword info.
    my $keyword_info = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Common::KeywordInfo->new({
      text      => "mars cruise req " . $request_index . " seed " . $i,
      matchType => EXACT
    });

    # Construct an ad group criterion using the keyword text info above.
    my $ad_group_criterion =
      Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Resources::AdGroupCriterion->new({
        adGroup => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Utils::ResourceNames::ad_group(
          $customer_id, $ad_group_id
        ),
        status  => ENABLED,
        keyword => $keyword_info
      });

    # Create an ad group criterion operation.
    my $ad_group_criterion_operation =
      Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Services::AdGroupCriterionService::AdGroupCriterionOperation
      ->new({
        create => $ad_group_criterion
      });
    push @$operations, $ad_group_criterion_operation;
  }
  return $operations;
}

# Requests a mutate of ad group criterion operations and displays the results.
sub request_mutate_and_display_result {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id, $operations) = @_;

  # Make a validateOnly mutate request.
  my $ad_group_criteria_response =
    $api_client->AdGroupCriterionService()->mutate({
      customerId     => $customer_id,
      operations     => $operations,
      partialFailure => "false",
      validateOnly   => "true"
    });

  # Display the results.
  if (
    not $ad_group_criteria_response->isa(
      "Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsException"))
  {
    my $ad_group_criterion_results = $ad_group_criteria_response->{results};
    printf "Added %d ad group criteria:\n", scalar @$ad_group_criterion_results;
    foreach my $ad_group_criterion_result (@$ad_group_criterion_results) {
      print $ad_group_criterion_result->{resourceName}, "\n";
    }
  }

  return $ad_group_criteria_response;
}

# Don't run the example if the file is being included.
if (abs_path($0) ne abs_path(__FILE__)) {
  return 1;
}

# Get Google Ads Client, credentials will be read from ~/googleads.properties.
my $api_client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Client->new();

# By default examples are set to die on any server returned fault.
$api_client->set_die_on_faults(0);

# Parameters passed on the command line will override any parameters set in code.
GetOptions("customer_id=s" => \$customer_id, "ad_group_id=i" => \$ad_group_id);

# Print the help message if the parameters are not initialized in the code nor
# in the command line.
pod2usage(2) if not check_params($customer_id, $ad_group_id);

# Call the example.
handle_rate_exceeded_error($api_client, $customer_id =~ s/-//gr, $ad_group_id);

=pod

=head1 NAME

handle_rate_exceeded_error

=head1 DESCRIPTION

Handles RateExceededError in an application. This code example runs 5 requests
sequentially, each request attempting to validate 100 keywords. While it is
unlikely that running these requests would trigger a rate exceeded error,
substantially increasing the number of requests may have that effect. Note that
this example is for illustrative purposes only, and you shouldn't intentionally
try to trigger a rate exceed error in your application.

=head1 SYNOPSIS

handle_rate_exceeded_error.pl [options]

    -help                       Show the help message.
    -customer_id                The Google Ads customer ID.
    -ad_group_id                The ad group ID.

=cut