The Chrome Dev Summit finished a couple of weeks ago, and here's the first in a series of reports from the event. There was a strong emphasis on Mobile and Cross-device development, so we'll kick off with that!
Best UX patterns for mobile web apps by Paul Kinlan
After an analysis of the mobile-friendliness of the top 1000 sites we found some problem areas: 53% still only provide a desktop-only experience, 82% of sites have issues with interactivity on a mobile device and 64% of sites have text that users will have issues reading.
Quick hits to dramatically improve your mobile web experience:
- Always define a viewport
- Fit content inside the viewport
- Keep font sized at a readable level
- Limit use of Web Fonts
- Size and space out tap targets appropriately
- Use the semantic types for input elements
Multi-device Accessibility by Alice Boxhall
Users will be accessing your sites and services from a multitude of devices with a wide range of different accessibility requirements. By using the correct semantic elements and correct ARIA roles you help give the browser and assistive technology a much improved understanding of your page.
Key ways to understand and address a11y issues
- Ensure you have a good keyboard-only user experience
- Express the semantics of your interface with correct element choice and ARIA
- Use ChromeVox on desktop and TalkBack on Android to test.
- Try the Accessibility Developer Tools Chrome extension
- A more diverse audience is getting online, which further amplifies the need of making your sites accessible
Build Mobile Apps using the Chrome WebView by Matt Guant
We all know the problems that developers have had in the past building for WebView: Limited HTML5 features, no debugging tools, no build tools. With the introduction of a Chromium powered WebView in Android 4.4 (KitKat) developers now have a huge range of new tools at their disposal to build great native apps using the WebView.
Effective WebView development takeaways
- It’s not the new features that are important, its the tooling that you can now use to speed up your workflow
- Don’t try to emulate the native UI. But make sure to remove some of the tells that it is Web Content.
- Use native implementations of features when appropriate. i.e, use the DownloadManager rather than XHR for large files.
Optimizing your Workflow for a Cross-device world by Matt Gaunt
If we have to develop for Desktop, Mobile, Tablet, wearables and other form factors, how can you optimise your workflow to make your life less stressful? There's a solid multi-device approach for quick iteration with LiveReload, Grunt, Yeoman, and the newly-unveiled Mini Mobile Device Lab. Lastly, if you don't have the physical hardware you want to test, some providers make it available through the cloud.
- The number of devices that we are going to have to cater for is only going to increase
- Getting your workflow with the right with Grunt and Yeoman
- Simplify cross browser and cross device testing with Mini Mobile Device Lab
- Be smart with your emulation choice using Chrome DevTools Emulation, Stock Emulators, Cloud Based Emulators like Saucelabs, Browserstack and appexperience and third party emulator Genymotion
- Mobile testing means more than just testing on your wifi connection, use a proxy to simulate slower network speeds
Network connectivity: optional by Jake Archibald
We learnt many things from this talk: Jake doesn’t wear shoes when presenting; Business Kinlan has a new book coming out soon; Offline is being taken seriously by browser vendors and you will soon have the tools in your hands that help you build great experiences that work well when you are offline.
ServiceWorker will give us the flexibility that we need to build compelling offline first experiences with ease and not suffer the pains inflicted by AppCache. You can even experiment with the API using a Polyfill.
ServiceWorker to the rescue
- In the next generation of progressive enhancement, we treat the network as a potential enhancement
- ServiceWorker gives you full, scriptable, debuggable control over network requests
- If you have an offline experience, don’t wait for the network to fail before you show it, as this can take ages