نمونه برنامه

این صفحه نمونه برنامه ای را ارائه می دهد که نحوه تهیه یک دستگاه یکبار مصرف (COSU) متعلق به شرکت را نشان می دهد و دستور راه اندازی مجدد برای آن ارسال می کند. این برنامه از کتابخانه سرویس گیرنده جاوا API مدیریت Android استفاده می کند.

قبل از اینکه شروع کنی

  1. کتابخانه Java Client API مدیریت Android را دانلود کنید و تمام فایل‌های jar را به مسیر کلاس اضافه کنید.
  2. یک پروژه Google Cloud Platform ایجاد یا انتخاب کنید که مالک شرکت ایجاد شده باشد.
  3. Android Management API را در پروژه فعال کنید.
  4. یک حساب سرویس ایجاد یا انتخاب کنید که دارای نقش مالک یا ویرایشگر در پروژه باشد.
  5. یک حساب Google برای ثبت نام در یک شرکت جدید انتخاب کنید. این حساب نمی‌تواند سرپرست هیچ شرکتی از قبل موجود باشد.
  6. ثابت های PROJECT_ID و SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CREDENTIAL_FILE را در زیر تنظیم کنید.
  7. در صورت تمایل، ثابت COSU_APP_PACKAGE_NAME در زیر تغییر دهید تا برنامه مورد نظر خود را نصب کنید.

کد

package sample;

import com.google.api.client.googleapis.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredential;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.javanet.GoogleNetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.jackson2.JacksonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.AndroidManagement;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.ApplicationPolicy;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.Command;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.Device;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.EnrollmentToken;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.Enterprise;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.ListDevicesResponse;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.PersistentPreferredActivity;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.Policy;
import com.google.api.services.androidmanagement.v1.model.SignupUrl;
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.security.GeneralSecurityException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.List;

public class SampleApp {
  /** The id of the Google Cloud Platform project. */
  private static final String PROJECT_ID = "YOUR_PROJECT_ID";

  /** The JSON credential file for the service account. */
  private static final String SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CREDENTIAL_FILE =
      "/PATH/TO/YOUR_FILE";

  /** The id of the policy for the COSU device. */
  private static final String POLICY_ID = "samplePolicy";

  /** The package name of the COSU app. */
  private static final String COSU_APP_PACKAGE_NAME =
      "com.google.android.apps.youtube.gaming";

  /** The OAuth scope for the Android Management API. */
  private static final String OAUTH_SCOPE =
      "https://www.googleapis.com/auth/androidmanagement";

  /** The name of this app. */
  private static final String APP_NAME = "Android Management API sample app";

  /** The Android Management API client. */
  private final AndroidManagement androidManagementClient;

  public static void main(String[] args)
      throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    new SampleApp(getAndroidManagementClient()).run();
  }

  public SampleApp(AndroidManagement androidManagementClient) {
    this.androidManagementClient = androidManagementClient;
  }

  /** Runs the app. */
  public void run() throws IOException {
    // Create an enterprise. If you've already created an enterprise, the
    // createEnterprise call can be commented out and replaced with your
    // enterprise name.
    String enterpriseName = createEnterprise();
    System.out.println("Enterprise created with name: " + enterpriseName);

    // Set the policy to be used by the device.
    setPolicy(enterpriseName, POLICY_ID, getCosuPolicy());

    // Create an enrollment token to enroll the device.
    String token = createEnrollmentToken(enterpriseName, POLICY_ID);
    System.out.println("Enrollment token (to be typed on device): " + token);

    // List some of the devices for the enterprise. There will be no devices for
    // a newly created enterprise, but you can run the app again with an
    // existing enterprise after enrolling a device.
    List<Device> devices = listDevices(enterpriseName);
    for (Device device : devices) {
      System.out.println("Found device with name: " + device.getName());
    }

    // If there are any devices, reboot one.
    if (devices.isEmpty()) {
      System.out.println("No devices found.");
    } else {
      rebootDevice(devices.get(0));
    }
  }

  /** Builds an Android Management API client. */
  private static AndroidManagement getAndroidManagementClient()
      throws IOException, GeneralSecurityException {
    try (FileInputStream input =
        new FileInputStream(SERVICE_ACCOUNT_CREDENTIAL_FILE)) {
      GoogleCredential credential =
          GoogleCredential.fromStream(input)
              .createScoped(Collections.singleton(OAUTH_SCOPE));
      return new AndroidManagement.Builder(
          GoogleNetHttpTransport.newTrustedTransport(),
          JacksonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
          credential)
              .setApplicationName(APP_NAME)
              .build();
    }
  }

  /** Creates a new enterprise. Returns the enterprise name. */
  private String createEnterprise() throws IOException {
    // Initiate signup process.
    System.out.println("Creating signup URL...");
    SignupUrl signupUrl =
        androidManagementClient
            .signupUrls()
            .create()
            .setProjectId(PROJECT_ID)
            .setCallbackUrl("https://localhost:9999")
            .execute();
    System.out.print(
        "To sign up for a new enterprise, open this URL in your browser: ");
    System.out.println(signupUrl.getUrl());
    System.out.println(
        "After signup, you will see an error page in the browser.");
    System.out.print(
        "Paste the enterpriseToken value from the error page URL here: ");
    String enterpriseToken =
        new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in)).readLine();

    // Create the enterprise.
    System.out.println("Creating enterprise...");
    return androidManagementClient
        .enterprises()
        .create(new Enterprise())
        .setProjectId(PROJECT_ID)
        .setSignupUrlName(signupUrl.getName())
        .setEnterpriseToken(enterpriseToken)
        .execute()
        .getName();
  }

  /** Gets a Policy for a COSU device. */
  private Policy getCosuPolicy() {
    List<String> categories = new ArrayList<>();
    categories.add("android.intent.category.HOME");
    categories.add("android.intent.category.DEFAULT");

    return new Policy()
        .setApplications(
            Collections.singletonList(
                new ApplicationPolicy()
                    .setPackageName(COSU_APP_PACKAGE_NAME)
                    .setInstallType("FORCE_INSTALLED")
                    .setDefaultPermissionPolicy("GRANT")
                    .setLockTaskAllowed(true)))
        .setPersistentPreferredActivities(
            Collections.singletonList(
                new PersistentPreferredActivity()
                    .setReceiverActivity(COSU_APP_PACKAGE_NAME)
                    .setActions(
                        Collections.singletonList("android.intent.action.MAIN"))
                    .setCategories(categories)))
        .setKeyguardDisabled(true)
        .setStatusBarDisabled(true);
  }

  /** Sets the policy of the given id to the given value. */
  private void setPolicy(String enterpriseName, String policyId, Policy policy)
      throws IOException {
    System.out.println("Setting policy...");
    String name = enterpriseName + "/policies/" + policyId;
    androidManagementClient
        .enterprises()
        .policies()
        .patch(name, policy)
        .execute();
  }

  /** Creates an enrollment token. */
  private String createEnrollmentToken(String enterpriseName, String policyId)
      throws IOException {
    System.out.println("Creating enrollment token...");
    EnrollmentToken token =
        new EnrollmentToken().setPolicyName(policyId).setDuration("86400s");
    return androidManagementClient
        .enterprises()
        .enrollmentTokens()
        .create(enterpriseName, token)
        .execute()
        .getValue();
  }

  /** Lists the first page of devices for an enterprise. */
  private List<Device> listDevices(String enterpriseName) throws IOException {
    System.out.println("Listing devices...");
    ListDevicesResponse response =
        androidManagementClient
            .enterprises()
            .devices()
            .list(enterpriseName)
            .execute();
    return response.getDevices() == null
        ? new ArrayList<>() : response.getDevices();
  }

  /** Reboots a device. Note that reboot only works on Android N+. */
  private void rebootDevice(Device device) throws IOException {
    System.out.println(
        "Sending reboot command to " + device.getName() + "...");
    Command command = new Command().setType("REBOOT");
    androidManagementClient
        .enterprises()
        .devices()
        .issueCommand(device.getName(), command)
        .execute();
  }
}