We're making some changes to the Google Fit APIs. Learn about how these changes might affect your app. Read our new policy.

Work with fitness goals

Goals are targets in the Google Fit app that users can set for themselves. They help motivate users to stay active every day. From within their profile, users can adjust how many Steps and Heart Points they want to aim for each day. The Fit platform records their goals and tracks their daily activity against these.

Create a better user experience with goals

Your app can read a user's goals to keep track of their personal targets. This can help create a more engaging experience. To start, use the GoalsClient client to read a user's Steps and Heart Points goals. Then use the HistoryClient client to check how close they are to those goals.

Use this data to help users switch between Google Fit and your app seamlessly, and get consistent information across both apps about their progress towards their fitness goals.

Motivate users to reach their daily goals by giving them updates and insights related to their progress.

Read a goal

The following example shows how to create a new Fitness client and get the user's Heart Points goal, or null if they don't have a goal set.

Kotlin

private val fitnessOptions: FitnessOptions by lazy {
    FitnessOptions.builder()
        .addDataType(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS, FitnessOptions.ACCESS_READ)
        .build()
}

private val goalsReadRequest: GoalsReadRequest by lazy {
    GoalsReadRequest.Builder()
        .addDataType(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS)
        .build()
}

private fun getGoogleAccount(): GoogleSignInAccount =
    GoogleSignIn.getAccountForExtension(requireContext(), fitnessOptions)


private fun readGoals() {
    Fitness.getGoalsClient(requireContext(), getGoogleAccount())
        .readCurrentGoals(goalsReadRequest)
        .addOnSuccessListener { goals ->
            // There should be at most one heart points goal currently.
            goals.firstOrNull()?.apply {
                // What is the value of the goal
                val goalValue = metricObjective.value
                Log.i(TAG, "Goal value: $goalValue")

                // How is the goal measured?
                Log.i(TAG, "Objective: $objective")

                // How often does the goal repeat?
                Log.i(TAG, "Recurrence: $recurrenceDetails")
            }
        }
}

private val Goal.objective: String
    get() = when (objectiveType) {
        OBJECTIVE_TYPE_DURATION ->
            "Duration (s): ${durationObjective.getDuration(TimeUnit.SECONDS)}"
        OBJECTIVE_TYPE_FREQUENCY ->
            "Frequency : ${frequencyObjective.frequency}"
        OBJECTIVE_TYPE_METRIC ->
            "Metric : ${metricObjective.dataTypeName} - ${metricObjective.value}"
        else -> "Unknown objective"
    }

private val Goal.recurrenceDetails: String
    get() = recurrence?.let {
        val period = when (it.unit) {
            Recurrence.UNIT_DAY -> "days"
            Recurrence.UNIT_WEEK -> "weeks"
            Recurrence.UNIT_MONTH -> "months"
            else -> "Unknown"
        }
        "Every ${recurrence!!.count} $period"
    } ?: "Does not repeat"

Java

private final FitnessOptions fitnessOptions = FitnessOptions.builder()
            .addDataType(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS, FitnessOptions.ACCESS_READ)
            .build();


private final GoalsReadRequest goalsReadRequest = new GoalsReadRequest.Builder()
            .addDataType(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS)
            .build();

private GoogleSignInAccount getGoogleAccount() {
    GoogleSignIn.getAccountForExtension(getApplicationContext(), fitnessOptions);
}


private void readGoals() {
    Fitness.getGoalsClient(getApplicationContext(), getGoogleAccount())
            .readCurrentGoals(goalsReadRequest)
            .addOnSuccessListener(goals -> {
                // There should be at most one heart points goal currently.
                Optional<Goal> optionalGoal = goals.stream().findFirst();
                if (optionalGoal.isPresent()) {
                    // What is the value of the goal
                    double goalValue = optionalGoal.get().getMetricObjective().getValue();
                    Log.i(TAG, "Goal value: $goalValue");

                    // How is the goal measured?
                    Log.i(TAG, "Objective: ${getObjective(optionalGoal.get())}");

                    // How often does the goal repeat?
                    Log.i(TAG, "Recurrence: ${getRecurrenceDetails(optionalGoal.get())}");
                }

    });
}

private String getObjective(Goal goal) {
    switch (goal.getObjectiveType()) {
        case OBJECTIVE_TYPE_DURATION:
            return "Duration (s): ${goal.getDurationObjective().getDuration(TimeUnit.SECONDS)}";
        case OBJECTIVE_TYPE_FREQUENCY:
            return "Frequency : ${goal.getFrequencyObjective().getFrequency()}";
        case OBJECTIVE_TYPE_METRIC:
            return "Metric : ${goal.getMetricObjective().getDataTypeName()} - ${goal.getMetricObjective().getValue()}";
        default:
            return "Unknown objective";
    }
}

private String getRecurrenceDetails(Goal goal) {
    Goal.Recurrence recurrence = goal.getRecurrence();
    if (recurrence == null) {
        return "Does not repeat";
    }

    StringBuilder recurrenceMessage = new StringBuilder("Every ${recurrence.getCount()}");

    switch (recurrence.getUnit()) {
        case UNIT_DAY:
            recurrenceMessage.append("days");
            break;
        case UNIT_WEEK:
            recurrenceMessage.append("weeks");
            break;
        case UNIT_MONTH:
            recurrenceMessage.append("months");
            break;
        default:
            recurrenceMessage.delete(0, recurrenceMessage.length());
            recurrenceMessage.append("Unknown");
            break;
    }

    return recurrenceMessage.toString();
}

Check progress

After you have the user's Heart Points goal, you can use the HistoryClient to check their progress. The following example shows how to check how many Heart Points the user has.

Kotlin

val current = Calendar.getInstance()
val request = DataReadRequest.Builder()
    .read(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS)
    .setTimeRange(
        goal.getStartTime(current, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS),
        goal.getEndTime(current, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS),
        TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS
    )
    .build()

Fitness.getHistoryClient(requireContext(), getGoogleAccount())
    .readData(request)
    .addOnSuccessListener { response ->
        val heartPointsSet = response.dataSets.first()
        val totalHeartPoints = heartPointsSet.dataPoints.sumBy {
            it.getValue(Field.FIELD_INTENSITY).asFloat().toInt()
        }
        Log.i(TAG, "Total heart points: $totalHeartPoints")
    }

Java

Calendar current = Calendar.getInstance();
DataReadRequest request = new DataReadRequest.Builder()
        .read(DataType.TYPE_HEART_POINTS)
        .setTimeRange(
                goal.getStartTime(current, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS),
                goal.getEndTime(current, TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS),
                TimeUnit.NANOSECONDS
        )
        .build();


Fitness.getHistoryClient(getApplicationContext(), getGoogleAccount())
        .readData(request)
        .addOnSuccessListener(response -> {
            Optional<DataSet> heartPointsSet = response.getDataSets().stream().findFirst();
            if (heartPointsSet.isPresent()) {
                int totalHeartPoints = 0;
                for (DataPoint dp : heartPointsSet.get().getDataPoints()) {
                    totalHeartPoints += (int) dp.getValue(Field.FIELD_INTENSITY).asFloat();
                }

                Log.i(TAG, "Total heart points: $totalHeartPoints");
            }
        });

Calculate progress as a percentage

If you divide the total from the check progress example by the target in the read a goal example, you can calculate the progress towards the goal as a percentage.

Kotlin

private fun calculateProgressPercentage(goal: Goal, response: DataReadResponse): Double {
    val goalValue = goal.metricObjective.value
    val currentTotal = response.dataSets.first().dataPoints.sumBy {
        it.getValue(Field.FIELD_INTENSITY).asFloat().toInt()
    }

    return (currentTotal.div(goalValue)).times(100.0)
}

Java

private double calculateProgressPercentage(Goal goal, DataReadResponse response) {
    double goalValue = goal.getMetricObjective().getValue();
    Optional<DataSet> firstDataSet = response.getDataSets().stream().findFirst();
    if (!(firstDataSet.isPresent())) {
        return NaN;
    }
    double currentTotal = 0;
    for (DataPoint dp : firstDataSet.get().getDataPoints()) {
        currentTotal += (int)dp.getValue(Field.FIELD_INTENSITY).asFloat();
    }

    return (currentTotal / goalValue) * 100.0;
}