Units of measurement

Put a nonbreaking space between the number and the unit.

Spaces in units of measurement

For most units of measurement, when you specify a number with the unit, use a nonbreaking space between the number and the unit. This guidance applies in both HTML and Markdown.

For guidance about when to spell out units, see the Abbreviations page.

Recommended: 64 GB

Recommended: 25 mm

Not recommended: 64GB

However, when the unit of measure is money or percent or degrees of an angle, don't use a space. For more information, see Currency.

Recommended: $10

Recommended: £25

Recommended: 65%

Recommended: 180°

For degrees of temperature, don't use a space before the degree symbol, but do use a nonbreaking space between the degree symbol and the abbreviation for the temperature scale (F or C). For Kelvin temperatures, leave out the degree symbol but use a nonbreaking space before the K.

Recommended: 50° C

Recommended: 300 K

Ranges of numbers with units

In a range of numbers, repeat the unit for each number. Unit includes both symbols (like the degree symbol (º)) and abbreviations (like MB for megabytes) but not nouns (like file). For more information, see Range of numbers.

Use the word to between the numbers, rather than a hyphen. A hyphen can be misinterpreted as a subtraction sign.

Recommended: -40° C to 85° C

Not recommended: -40-85° C

Use k to indicate thousands

In some contexts, it might be appropriate to indicate thousands of something by following a number with a lowercase k. If you do that, then follow these guidelines:

  • Don't put a space between the number and k.
  • Add a noun to indicate what the number measures, and to make clear that you're not using k as an abbreviation for kilobytes.

Recommended: On this plan, you are limited to 55k download operations and 20k upload operations per day.


If you're writing about monetary amounts, make sure that the reader knows what currency you're referring to. For example, the dollar sign—the $ symbol—can refer to US dollars, Canadian dollars, Mexican pesos, and several other currencies.

If there's any possibility of ambiguity, use a currency indicator before the amount. For details, see section 9.20 and following in the Chicago Manual of Style, 17th edition.

Recommended: US$10


Use per instead of the division slash (/) when space permits. It's OK to use the division slash when space is limited, such as in a table with small cells.

Shorten per to p only for well-established abbreviations for rate units, such as Gbps for gigabits per second or MBps for megabytes per second.

Recommended: requests per day

Not recommended: requests/day

Recommended: Gbps

Not recommended: Gb/s

Provide visuals for math concepts

Accompany math concepts and numerals with diagrams or other images to support comprehension. For example, if comparing statistics, consider illustrating percentages in a pie chart or a bar graph.

Accompany numerical concepts with real-world practical implications

Accompany numerical concepts with real-world practical implications to provide tangible meaning. For example, if using a feature incurs additional fees, add a link to pricing calculator.