Node.js quickstart

Quickstarts explain how to set up and run an app that calls a Google Workspace API.

Google Workspace quickstarts use the API client libraries to handle some details of the authentication and authorization flow. We recommend that you use the client libraries for your own apps. Before you can run the sample app, each quickstart requires that you turn on authentication and authorization. If you're unfamiliar with authentication and authorization for Google Workspace APIs, read the Authentication and authorization overview.

Create a Node.js command-line application that makes requests to the Drive API.

Objectives

  • Set up your environment.
  • Install the client library.
  • Set up the sample.
  • Run the sample.

Prerequisites

To run this quickstart, you need the following prerequisites:

  • A Google account with Google Drive enabled.

Set up your environment

To complete this quickstart, set up your environment.

Enable the API

Before using Google APIs, you need to enable them in a Google Cloud project. You can enable one or more APIs in a single Google Cloud project.

Authorize credentials for a desktop application

To authenticate as an end user and access user data in your app, you need to create one or more OAuth 2.0 Client IDs. A client ID is used to identify a single app to Google's OAuth servers. If your app runs on multiple platforms, you must create a separate client ID for each platform.
  1. In the Google Cloud console, go to the Credentials page.

    Go to Credentials

  2. Click Create Credentials > OAuth client ID.
  3. Click Application type > Desktop app.
  4. In the Name field, type a name for the credential. This name is only shown in the Google Cloud console.
  5. Click Create. The OAuth client created screen appears, showing your new Client ID and Client secret.
  6. Click OK. The newly created credential appears under OAuth 2.0 Client IDs.
Make a note of these credentials because you need them later in this quickstart.

Install the client library

  • Install the libraries using npm:

    npm install googleapis@105 @google-cloud/local-auth@2.1.0 --save
    

Set up the sample

  1. In your working directory, create a file named index.js.

  2. In the file, paste the following code:

    drive/quickstart/index.js
    const fs = require('fs').promises;
    const path = require('path');
    const process = require('process');
    const {authenticate} = require('@google-cloud/local-auth');
    const {google} = require('googleapis');
    
    // If modifying these scopes, delete token.json.
    const SCOPES = ['https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.metadata.readonly'];
    // The file token.json stores the user's access and refresh tokens, and is
    // created automatically when the authorization flow completes for the first
    // time.
    const TOKEN_PATH = path.join(process.cwd(), 'token.json');
    const CREDENTIALS_PATH = path.join(process.cwd(), 'credentials.json');
    
    /**
     * Reads previously authorized credentials from the save file.
     *
     * @return {Promise<OAuth2Client|null>}
     */
    async function loadSavedCredentialsIfExist() {
      try {
        const content = await fs.readFile(TOKEN_PATH);
        const credentials = JSON.parse(content);
        return google.auth.fromJSON(credentials);
      } catch (err) {
        return null;
      }
    }
    
    /**
     * Serializes credentials to a file comptible with GoogleAUth.fromJSON.
     *
     * @param {OAuth2Client} client
     * @return {Promise<void>}
     */
    async function saveCredentials(client) {
      const content = await fs.readFile(CREDENTIALS_PATH);
      const keys = JSON.parse(content);
      const key = keys.installed || keys.web;
      const payload = JSON.stringify({
        type: 'authorized_user',
        client_id: key.client_id,
        client_secret: key.client_secret,
        refresh_token: client.credentials.refresh_token,
      });
      await fs.writeFile(TOKEN_PATH, payload);
    }
    
    /**
     * Load or request or authorization to call APIs.
     *
     */
    async function authorize() {
      let client = await loadSavedCredentialsIfExist();
      if (client) {
        return client;
      }
      client = await authenticate({
        scopes: SCOPES,
        keyfilePath: CREDENTIALS_PATH,
      });
      if (client.credentials) {
        await saveCredentials(client);
      }
      return client;
    }
    
    /**
     * Lists the names and IDs of up to 10 files.
     * @param {OAuth2Client} authClient An authorized OAuth2 client.
     */
    async function listFiles(authClient) {
      const drive = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth: authClient});
      const res = await drive.files.list({
        pageSize: 10,
        fields: 'nextPageToken, files(id, name)',
      });
      const files = res.data.files;
      if (files.length === 0) {
        console.log('No files found.');
        return;
      }
    
      console.log('Files:');
      files.map((file) => {
        console.log(`${file.name} (${file.id})`);
      });
    }
    
    authorize().then(listFiles).catch(console.error);

Run the sample

  1. In your working directory, run the sample:

    node .
    
  2. The first time you run the sample, it prompts you to authorize access:

    1. If you're not already signed in to your Google Account, you're prompted to sign in. If you're signed in to multiple accounts, select one account to use for authorization.
    2. Click Accept.

    Authorization information is stored in the file system, so the next time you run the sample code, you aren't prompted for authorization.

You have successfully created your first Nodejs application that makes requests to the Drive API.

Next steps