データをプレゼンテーションに統合する

Google スライド API の便利な用途の 1 つは、1 つ以上のデータソースからの情報を、テンプレート化されたスライド資料に統合することです。

このページでは、外部ソースからデータを取得し、既存のテンプレート プレゼンテーションに挿入する方法について説明します。これは、ワープロとスプレッドシートを使用するメールへの差し込み機能に似ています。

このアプローチが役立つ理由は次のとおりです。

  • デザイナーは Google スライド エディタを使用して、プレゼンテーションのデザインを簡単に微調整できます。この方法は、アプリ内でパラメータを調整して、レンダリングされたスライドのデザインを設定するよりもはるかに簡単です。

  • コンテンツとプレゼンテーションの分離はよく知られた設計原則であり、多くの利点があります。

マージの概念図。

基本的なレシピ

以下に、Slides API を使用してデータをプレゼンテーションに統合する方法の例を示します。

  1. プレースホルダ コンテンツを使用して、デザインに適したプレゼンテーションを作成します。

  2. 挿入するコンテンツ要素ごとに、プレースホルダ コンテンツをタグに置き換えます。タグは、一意の文字列を含むテキスト ボックスまたはシェイプです。通常は出現する可能性の低い文字列を使用してください。たとえば、{{account-holder-name}} は適切なタグです。

  3. コードで Google Drive API を使用してプレゼンテーションのコピーを作成します。

  4. コード内で、Slides API の batchUpdate メソッドと一連の replaceAllText リクエストを使用して、プレゼンテーション全体ですべてのテキスト置換を行います。プレゼンテーション全体で画像の置換を行うには、replaceAllShapesWithImage リクエストを使用します。

タグを含めたスライド資料を作成したら、必ずコピーを作成し、Slides API を使用してそのコピーを操作してください。スライドの API を使用して、メインの「テンプレート」コピーを操作しないでください。

以下のセクションでは、このプロセスの一部を示すコード スニペットを示します。また、上記の動画では、以下の各セクションのコンセプトのいくつかを組み合わせた完全な例(Python)を確認することもできます。

テキストを結合

replaceAllText リクエストを使用すると、プレゼンテーション内の特定のテキスト文字列のインスタンスをすべて新しいテキストに置き換えることができます。マージの場合は、テキストの各インスタンスを個別に検索して置換するよりも簡単です。これが最も洗練されたアプローチである理由の 1 つは、特に共同編集者がテンプレートのプレゼンテーションの改良とメンテナンスを行う場合に、ページ要素 ID を予測しにくいことです。

この例では、Drive API を使用してテンプレート プレゼンテーションをコピーし、プレゼンテーションの新しいインスタンスを作成します。次に、Google Sheets API を使用してスプレッドシートのスプレッドシートからデータを読み取り、最後に Slides API を使用して新しいプレゼンテーションを更新します。

この例では、スプレッドシートの名前付き範囲の 1 行に含まれる 3 つのセルからデータを取得します。次に、文字列 {{customer-name}}{{case-description}}{{total-portfolio}} が出現するすべての箇所で、そのデータをプレゼンテーションに置き換えます。

Apps Script

slides/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId
 * @param {string} dataSpreadsheetId
 * @returns {*[]}
 */
function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId) {
  let responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
  try {
    let values = SpreadsheetApp.openById(dataSpreadsheetId).getRange(dataRangeNotation).getValues();

    // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
      const row = values[i];
      const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
      const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
      const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

      // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
      let copyFile = {
        title: copyTitle,
        parents: [{id: 'root'}]
      };
      copyFile = Drive.Files.copy(copyFile, templatePresentationId);
      const presentationCopyId = copyFile.id;

      // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
      const requests = [{
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{customer-name}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: customerName
        }
      }, {
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{case-description}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: caseDescription
        }
      }, {
        replaceAllText: {
          containsText: {
            text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
            matchCase: true
          },
          replaceText: totalPortfolio + ''
        }
      }];

      // Execute the requests for this presentation.
      const result = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
        requests: requests
      }, presentationCopyId);
      // Count the total number of replacements made.
      let numReplacements = 0;
      result.replies.forEach(function(reply) {
        numReplacements += reply.replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
      });
      console.log('Created presentation for %s with ID: %s', customerName, presentationCopyId);
      console.log('Replaced %s text instances', numReplacements);
    }
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Go

slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
dataRangeNotation := "Customers!A2:M6"
sheetsResponse, _ := sheetsService.Spreadsheets.Values.Get(dataSpreadsheetId, dataRangeNotation).Do()
values := sheetsResponse.Values

// For each record, create a new merged presentation.
for _, row := range values {
	customerName := row[2].(string)
	caseDescription := row[5].(string)
	totalPortfolio := row[11].(string)

	// Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
	copyTitle := customerName + " presentation"
	file := drive.File{
		Title: copyTitle,
	}
	presentationFile, _ := driveService.Files.Copy(templatePresentationId, &file).Do()
	presentationId := presentationFile.Id

	// Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
	requests := []*slides.Request{{
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{customer-name}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: customerName,
		},
	}, {
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{case-description}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: caseDescription,
		},
	}, {
		ReplaceAllText: &slides.ReplaceAllTextRequest{
			ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
				Text:      "{{total-portfolio}}",
				MatchCase: true,
			},
			ReplaceText: totalPortfolio,
		},
	}}

	// Execute the requests for this presentation.
	body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{
		Requests: requests,
	}
	response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()

Java

slides/snippets/src/main/java/TextMerging.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonError;
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.Sheets;
import com.google.api.services.sheets.v4.model.ValueRange;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.ReplaceAllTextRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Response;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.SubstringMatchCriteria;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Text Merging API */
public class TextMerging {
  /**
   * Changes specified texts with data from spreadsheet.
   *
   * @param templatePresentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param dataSpreadsheetId      - id of the spreadsheet containing data.
   * @return merged presentation id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static List<BatchUpdatePresentationResponse> textMerging(
      String templatePresentationId, String dataSpreadsheetId) throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS,
            SlidesScopes.DRIVE, SlidesScopes.SPREADSHEETS));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the drive API client
    Drive driveService = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the sheets API client
    Sheets sheetsService = new Sheets.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    List<BatchUpdatePresentationResponse> responses = new ArrayList<>(5);
    // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
    String dataRangeNotation = "Customers!A2:M6";
    ValueRange sheetsResponse = sheetsService.spreadsheets().values()
        .get(dataSpreadsheetId, dataRangeNotation).execute();
    List<List<Object>> values = sheetsResponse.getValues();

    try {
      // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
      for (List<Object> row : values) {
        String customerName = row.get(2).toString();     // name in column 3
        String caseDescription = row.get(5).toString();  // case description in column 6
        String totalPortfolio = row.get(11).toString();  // total portfolio in column 12

        // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
        String copyTitle = customerName + " presentation";
        File content = new File().setName(copyTitle);
        File presentationFile =
            driveService.files().copy(templatePresentationId, content).execute();
        String presentationId = presentationFile.getId();

        // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
        List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{customer-name}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(customerName)));
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{case-description}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(caseDescription)));
        requests.add(new Request()
            .setReplaceAllText(new ReplaceAllTextRequest()
                .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                    .setText("{{total-portfolio}}")
                    .setMatchCase(true))
                .setReplaceText(totalPortfolio)));

        // Execute the requests for this presentation.
        BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
            new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
        BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response =
            service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();

        // Count total number of replacements made.
        int numReplacements = 0;
        for (Response resp : response.getReplies()) {
          numReplacements += resp.getReplaceAllText().getOccurrencesChanged();
        }
        // Prints the merged presentation id and count of replacements.
        System.out.println("Created merged presentation for " +
            customerName + " with ID: " + presentationId);
        System.out.println("Replaced " + numReplacements + " text instances.");
      }
    } catch (NullPointerException ne) {
      System.out.println("Text not found to replace with image.");
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      GoogleJsonError error = e.getDetails();
      if (error.getCode() == 404) {
        System.out.printf("Presentation not found with id '%s'.\n", templatePresentationId);
      } else {
        throw e;
      }
    }
    return responses;
  }
}

JavaScript

slides/snippets/slides_text_merging.js
function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId, callback) {
  // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
  const responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
  try {
    gapi.client.sheets.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId: dataSpreadsheetId,
      range: dataRangeNotation,
    }).then((sheetsResponse) => {
      const values = sheetsResponse.result.values;
      // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
      for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
        const row = values[i];
        const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
        const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
        const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

        // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
        const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
        const request = {
          name: copyTitle,
        };
        gapi.client.drive.files.copy({
          fileId: templatePresentationId,
          requests: request,
        }).then((driveResponse) => {
          const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.result.id;

          // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
          const requests = [{
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{customer-name}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: customerName,
            },
          }, {
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{case-description}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: caseDescription,
            },
          }, {
            replaceAllText: {
              containsText: {
                text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
                matchCase: true,
              },
              replaceText: totalPortfolio,
            },
          }];

          // Execute the requests for this presentation.
          gapi.client.slides.presentations.batchUpdate({
            presentationId: presentationCopyId,
            requests: requests,
          }).then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
            const result = batchUpdateResponse.result;
            responses.push(result.replies);
            // Count the total number of replacements made.
            let numReplacements = 0;
            for (let i = 0; i < result.replies.length; ++i) {
              numReplacements += result.replies[i].replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
            }
            console.log(`Created presentation for ${customerName} with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`);
            console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} text instances`);
            if (responses.length === values.length) { // callback for the last value
              if (callback) callback(responses);
            }
          });
        });
      }
    });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

slides/snippets/slides_text_merging.js
/**
 * Adds data from a spreadsheet to a template presentation.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId The template presentation ID.
 * @param {string} dataSpreadsheetId  The data spreadsheet ID.
 */
async function textMerging(templatePresentationId, dataSpreadsheetId) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: [
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/spreadsheets',
    ],
  });

  const slidesService = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  const sheetsService = google.sheets({version: 'v4', auth});
  const driveService = google.drive({version: 'v2', auth});

  // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
  const responses = [];
  const dataRangeNotation = 'A2:M6';

  try {
    const sheetsResponse = await sheetsService.spreadsheets.values.get({
      spreadsheetId: dataSpreadsheetId,
      range: dataRangeNotation,
    });
    const values = sheetsResponse.data.values;

    // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for (let i = 0; i < values.length; ++i) {
      const row = values[i];
      const customerName = row[2]; // name in column 3
      const caseDescription = row[5]; // case description in column 6
      const totalPortfolio = row[11]; // total portfolio in column 12

      // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
      let requests = {
        name: copyTitle,
      };

      const driveResponse = await driveService.files.copy({
        fileId: templatePresentationId,
        requests,
      });

      const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.data.id;
      // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
      requests = [
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{customer-name}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: customerName,
          },
        },
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{case-description}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: caseDescription,
          },
        },
        {
          replaceAllText: {
            containsText: {
              text: '{{total-portfolio}}',
              matchCase: true,
            },
            replaceText: totalPortfolio,
          },
        },
      ];
      // Execute the requests for this presentation.
      const batchUpdateResponse = await slidesService.presentations.batchUpdate(
          {
            presentationId: presentationCopyId,
            resource: {
              requests,
            },
          },
      );
      const result = batchUpdateResponse.data;
      // Count the total number of replacements made.
      let numReplacements = 0;
      for (let i = 0; i < result.replies.length; ++i) {
        numReplacements += result.replies[i].replaceAllText.occurrencesChanged;
      }
      console.log(
          `Created presentation for ${customerName} with ID: ` +
          presentationCopyId,
      );
      console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} text instances`);
      return result;
    }
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

slides/snippets/src/SlidesTextMerging.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;

function textMerging($templatePresentationId, $dataSpreadsheetId)
{

    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $driveService = new Google_Service_Drive($client);
    $sheetsService = new Google_Service_Sheets($client);
    try {
        $responses = array();
        // Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
        $dataRangeNotation = 'Customers!A2:M6';
        $sheetsResponse =
            $sheetsService->spreadsheets_values->get($dataSpreadsheetId, $dataRangeNotation);
        $values = $sheetsResponse['values'];

        // For each record, create a new merged presentation.
        foreach ($values as $row) {
            $customerName = $row[2];     // name in column 3
            $caseDescription = $row[5];  // case description in column 6
            $totalPortfolio = $row[11];  // total portfolio in column 12

            // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
            $copy = new Google_Service_Drive_DriveFile(array(
                'name' => $customerName . ' presentation'
            ));
            $driveResponse = $driveService->files->copy($templatePresentationId, $copy);
            $presentationCopyId = $driveResponse->id;

            // Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests for this presentation.
            $requests = array();
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{customer-name}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $customerName
                )
            ));
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{case-description}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $caseDescription
                )
            ));
            $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request(array(
                'replaceAllText' => array(
                    'containsText' => array(
                        'text' => '{{total-portfolio}}',
                        'matchCase' => true
                    ),
                    'replaceText' => $totalPortfolio
                )
            ));

            // Execute the requests for this presentation.
            $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest(array(
                'requests' => $requests
            ));
            $response =
                $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationCopyId, $batchUpdateRequest);
            $responses[] = $response;
            // Count the total number of replacements made.
            $numReplacements = 0;
            foreach ($response->getReplies() as $reply) {
                $numReplacements += $reply->getReplaceAllText()->getOccurrencesChanged();
            }
            printf("Created presentation for %s with ID: %s\n", $customerName, $presentationCopyId);
            printf("Replaced %d text instances.\n", $numReplacements);
        }
        return $responses;
    } catch (Exception $e) {
        echo 'Message: ' . $e->getMessage();
    }
}

Python

slides/snippets/slides_text_merging.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def text_merging(template_presentation_id, data_spreadsheet_id):
  """
  Run Text merging the user has access to.
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member

  try:
    service = build("slides", "v1", credentials=creds)
    sheets_service = build("sheets", "v4", credentials=creds)
    drive_service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    # Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
    data_range_notation = "Customers!A2:M6"
    sheets_response = (
        sheets_service.spreadsheets()
        .values()
        .get(spreadsheetId=data_spreadsheet_id, range=data_range_notation)
        .execute()
    )
    values = sheets_response.get("values")

    # For each record, create a new merged presentation.
    for row in values:
      customer_name = row[2]  # name in column 3
      case_description = row[5]  # case description in column 6
      total_portfolio = row[11]  # total portfolio in column 12

      # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
      copy_title = customer_name + " presentation"
      body = {"name": copy_title}
      drive_response = (
          drive_service.files()
          .copy(fileId=template_presentation_id, body=body)
          .execute()
      )
      presentation_copy_id = drive_response.get("id")

      # Create the text merge (replaceAllText) requests
      # for this presentation.
      requests = [
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{customer-name}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": customer_name,
              }
          },
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{case-description}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": case_description,
              }
          },
          {
              "replaceAllText": {
                  "containsText": {
                      "text": "{{total-portfolio}}",
                      "matchCase": True,
                  },
                  "replaceText": total_portfolio,
              }
          },
      ]

      # Execute the requests for this presentation.
      body = {"requests": requests}
      response = (
          service.presentations()
          .batchUpdate(presentationId=presentation_copy_id, body=body)
          .execute()
      )

      # Count the total number of replacements made.
      num_replacements = 0
      for reply in response.get("replies"):
        if reply.get("occurrencesChanged") is not None:
          num_replacements += reply.get("replaceAllText").get(
              "occurrencesChanged"
          )
      print(
          "Created presentation for "
          f"{customer_name} with ID: {presentation_copy_id}"
      )
      print(f"Replaced {num_replacements} text instances")

  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    return error


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the template_presentation_id, data_spreadsheet_id
  # of slides

  text_merging(
      "10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
      "17eqFZl_WK4WVixX8PjvjfLD77DraoFwMDXeiHB3dvuM",
  )

Ruby

slides/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Use the Sheets API to load data, one record per row.
data_range_notation = 'Customers!A2:M6'
sheets_response = sheets_service.get_spreadsheet_values(
  data_spreadsheet_id,
  data_range_notation
)
values = sheets_response.values

# For each record, create a new merged presentation.
values.each do |row|
  customer_name = row[2]       # name in column 3
  case_description = row[5]    # case description in column 6
  total_portfolio = row[11]    # total portfolio in column 12

  # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  copy_title = customer_name + ' presentation'
  body = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::Presentation.new
  body.title = copy_title
  drive_response = drive_service.copy_file(template_presentation_id, body)
  presentation_copy_id = drive_response.id

  # Create the text merge (replace_all_text) requests for this presentation.
  requests = [] << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{customer-name}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  customer_name
    }
  } << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{case-description}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  case_description
    }
  } << {
    replace_all_text: {
      contains_text: {
        text:       '{{total-portfolio}}',
        match_case: true
      },
      replace_text:  total_portfolio
    }
  }

  # Execute the requests for this presentation.
  req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
  response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
    presentation_copy_id,
    req
  )

画像を統合

replaceAllShapesWithImage リクエストを使用して、画像をプレゼンテーションにマージすることもできます。このリクエストでは、指定したテキスト文字列を含むシェイプのインスタンスがすべて指定された画像に置き換えられます。このリクエストにより、画像のアスペクト比を維持しながら、タグシェイプの境界内に収まるように画像が自動的に配置され、拡大縮小されます。

この例では、Google Drive API を使用してテンプレート プレゼンテーションをコピーし、プレゼンテーションの新しいインスタンスを作成します。次に、Slides API を使用して「{{company-logo}}」というテキストを含む図形を検索し、それを会社のロゴ画像に置き換えます。また、{{customer-graphic}} というテキストを含むシェイプは別の画像に置き換えられます。

Apps Script

slides/api/Snippets.gs
/**
 * Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId
 * @param {string} imageUrl
 * @param {string} customerName
 * @returns {*}
 */
function imageMerging(templatePresentationId, imageUrl, customerName) {
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  let copyFile = {
    title: copyTitle,
    parents: [{id: 'root'}]
  };

  try {
    copyFile = Drive.Files.copy(copyFile, templatePresentationId);
    const presentationCopyId = copyFile.id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    const requests = [{
      replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
        imageUrl: logoUrl,
        imageReplaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
        containsText: {
          text: '{{company-logo}}',
          matchCase: true
        }
      }
    }, {
      replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
        imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
        imageReplaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
        containsText: {
          text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
          matchCase: true
        }
      }
    }];

    // Execute the requests for this presentation.
    let batchUpdateResponse = Slides.Presentations.batchUpdate({
      requests: requests
    }, presentationCopyId);
    let numReplacements = 0;
    batchUpdateResponse.replies.forEach(function(reply) {
      numReplacements += reply.replaceAllShapesWithImage.occurrencesChanged;
    });
    console.log('Created merged presentation with ID: %s', presentationCopyId);
    console.log('Replaced %s shapes with images.', numReplacements);

    return batchUpdateResponse;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (Developer) - Handle exception
    console.log('Failed with error: %s', err.error);
  }
};

Go

slides/snippets/presentations.go
// Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
copyTitle := customerName + " presentation"
file := drive.File{
	Title: copyTitle,
}
presentationFile, _ := driveService.Files.Copy(templatePresentationId, &file).Do()
presentationId := presentationFile.Id

// Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
requests := []*slides.Request{{
	ReplaceAllShapesWithImage: &slides.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest{
		ImageUrl:      logoURL,
		ReplaceMethod: "CENTER_INSIDE",
		ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
			Text:      "{{company-logo}}",
			MatchCase: true,
		},
	},
}, {
	ReplaceAllShapesWithImage: &slides.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest{
		ImageUrl:      customerGraphicURL,
		ReplaceMethod: "CENTER_INSIDE",
		ContainsText: &slides.SubstringMatchCriteria{
			Text:      "{{customer-graphic}}",
			MatchCase: true,
		},
	},
}}

// Execute the requests for this presentation.
body := &slides.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest{Requests: requests}
response, _ := slidesService.Presentations.BatchUpdate(presentationId, body).Do()

// Count total number of replacements made.
var numReplacements int64 = 0
for _, resp := range response.Replies {
	numReplacements += resp.ReplaceAllShapesWithImage.OccurrencesChanged
}
fmt.Printf("Created merged presentation with ID %s\n", presentationId)
fmt.Printf("Replaced %d shapes instances with images.\n", numReplacements)

Java

slides/snippets/src/main/java/ImageMerging.java
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.Slides;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.SlidesScopes;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.BatchUpdatePresentationResponse;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Request;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.Response;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest;
import com.google.api.services.slides.v1.model.SubstringMatchCriteria;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;

import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.ArrayList;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.List;

/* Class to demonstrate the use of Slides Image Merging API */
public class ImageMerging {
  /**
   * Changes specified texts into images.
   *
   * @param templatePresentationId - id of the presentation.
   * @param imageUrl               - Url of the image.
   * @param customerName           - Name of the customer.
   * @return merged presentation id
   * @throws IOException - if credentials file not found.
   */
  public static BatchUpdatePresentationResponse imageMerging(String templatePresentationId,
                                                             String imageUrl,
                                                             String customerName)
      throws IOException {
        /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
           TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
            guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    GoogleCredentials credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
        .createScoped(Arrays.asList(SlidesScopes.PRESENTATIONS,
            SlidesScopes.DRIVE));
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Create the slides API client
    Slides service = new Slides.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Create the drive API client
    Drive driveService = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Slides samples")
        .build();

    // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    String copyTitle = customerName + " presentation";
    File content = new File().setName(copyTitle);
    File presentationFile =
        driveService.files().copy(templatePresentationId, content).execute();
    String presentationId = presentationFile.getId();

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    List<Request> requests = new ArrayList<>();
    requests.add(new Request()
        .setReplaceAllShapesWithImage(new ReplaceAllShapesWithImageRequest()
            .setImageUrl(imageUrl)
            .setImageReplaceMethod("CENTER_INSIDE")
            .setContainsText(new SubstringMatchCriteria()
                .setText("{{company-logo}}")
                .setMatchCase(true))));

    // Execute the requests.
    BatchUpdatePresentationRequest body =
        new BatchUpdatePresentationRequest().setRequests(requests);
    BatchUpdatePresentationResponse response =
        service.presentations().batchUpdate(presentationId, body).execute();

    int numReplacements = 0;
    try {
      // Count total number of replacements made.
      for (Response resp : response.getReplies()) {
        numReplacements += resp.getReplaceAllShapesWithImage().getOccurrencesChanged();
      }

      // Prints the merged presentation id and count of replacements.
      System.out.println("Created merged presentation with ID: " + presentationId);
      System.out.println("Replaced " + numReplacements + " shapes instances with images.");
    } catch (NullPointerException ne) {
      System.out.println("Text not found to replace with image.");
    }
    return response;
  }
}

JavaScript

slides/snippets/slides_image_merging.js
function imageMerging(
    templatePresentationId,
    imageUrl,
    customerName,
    callback,
) {
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  try {
    gapi.client.drive.files
        .copy({
          fileId: templatePresentationId,
          resource: {
            name: copyTitle,
          },
        })
        .then((driveResponse) => {
          const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.result.id;

          // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
          const requests = [
            {
              replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
                imageUrl: logoUrl,
                replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
                containsText: {
                  text: '{{company-logo}}',
                  matchCase: true,
                },
              },
            },
            {
              replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
                imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
                replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
                containsText: {
                  text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
                  matchCase: true,
                },
              },
            },
          ];
          // Execute the requests for this presentation.
          gapi.client.slides.presentations
              .batchUpdate({
                presentationId: presentationCopyId,
                requests: requests,
              })
              .then((batchUpdateResponse) => {
                let numReplacements = 0;
                for (
                  let i = 0;
                  i < batchUpdateResponse.result.replies.length;
                  ++i
                ) {
                  numReplacements +=
                batchUpdateResponse.result.replies[i].replaceAllShapesWithImage
                    .occurrencesChanged;
                }
                console.log(
                    `Created merged presentation with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`,
                );
                console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} shapes with images.`);
                if (callback) callback(batchUpdateResponse.result);
              });
        });
  } catch (err) {
    document.getElementById('content').innerText = err.message;
    return;
  }
}

Node.js

slides/snippets/slides_image_merging.js
/**
 * Add an image to a template presentation.
 * @param {string} templatePresentationId The template presentation ID.
 * @param {string} imageUrl The image URL
 * @param {string} customerName A customer name used for the title
 */
async function imageMerging(templatePresentationId, imageUrl, customerName) {
  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: [
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/presentations',
      'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive',
    ],
  });

  const slidesService = google.slides({version: 'v1', auth});
  const driveService = google.drive({version: 'v2', auth});
  const logoUrl = imageUrl;
  const customerGraphicUrl = imageUrl;

  // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
  const copyTitle = customerName + ' presentation';
  try {
    const driveResponse = await driveService.files.copy({
      fileId: templatePresentationId,
      resource: {
        name: copyTitle,
      },
    });
    const presentationCopyId = driveResponse.data.id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    const requests = [
      {
        replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
          imageUrl: logoUrl,
          replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
          containsText: {
            text: '{{company-logo}}',
            matchCase: true,
          },
        },
      },
      {
        replaceAllShapesWithImage: {
          imageUrl: customerGraphicUrl,
          replaceMethod: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
          containsText: {
            text: '{{customer-graphic}}',
            matchCase: true,
          },
        },
      },
    ];

    // Execute the requests for this presentation.
    const batchUpdateResponse = await slidesService.presentations.batchUpdate({
      presentationId: presentationCopyId,
      resource: {
        requests,
      },
    });
    let numReplacements = 0;
    for (let i = 0; i < batchUpdateResponse.data.replies.length; ++i) {
      numReplacements +=
        batchUpdateResponse.data.replies[i].replaceAllShapesWithImage
            .occurrencesChanged;
    }
    console.log(`Created merged presentation with ID: ${presentationCopyId}`);
    console.log(`Replaced ${numReplacements} shapes with images.`);
    return batchUpdateResponse.data;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO (developer) - Handle exception
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

slides/snippets/src/SlidesImageMerging.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
use Google\Service\Slides;
use Google\Service\DriveFile;
use Google\Service\Slides\Request;


function imageMerging($templatePresentationId, $imageUrl, $customerName)
{
    /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
       TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
    $client = new Google\Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Google\Service\Drive::DRIVE);
    $slidesService = new Google_Service_Slides($client);
    $driveService = new Google_Service_Drive($client);
    // Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    $copy = new Google_Service_Drive_DriveFile([
        'name' => $customerName . ' presentation'
    ]);

    $driveResponse = $driveService->files->copy($templatePresentationId, $copy);
    $presentationCopyId = $driveResponse->id;

    // Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.

    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request([
        'replaceAllShapesWithImage' => [
            'imageUrl' => $imageUrl,
            'replaceMethod' => 'CENTER_INSIDE',
            'containsText' => [
                'text' => '{{company-logo}}',
                'matchCase' => true
            ]
        ]
    ]);
    $requests[] = new Google_Service_Slides_Request([
        'replaceAllShapesWithImage' => [
            'imageUrl' => $imageUrl,
            'replaceMethod' => 'CENTER_INSIDE',
            'containsText' => [
                'text' => '{{customer-graphic}}',
                'matchCase' => true
            ]
        ]
    ]);

    // Execute the requests.
    $batchUpdateRequest = new Google_Service_Slides_BatchUpdatePresentationRequest([
        'requests' => $requests
    ]);
    $response =
        $slidesService->presentations->batchUpdate($presentationCopyId, $batchUpdateRequest);

    // Count the total number of replacements made.
    $numReplacements = 0;
    foreach ($response->getReplies() as $reply) {
        $numReplacements += $reply->getReplaceAllShapesWithImage()->getOccurrencesChanged();
    }
    printf("Created presentation for %s with ID: %s\n", $customerName, $presentationCopyId);
    printf("Replaced %d shapes with images.\n", $numReplacements);
    return $response;
}

Python

slides/snippets/slides_image_merging.py
import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def image_merging(template_presentation_id, image_url, customer_name):
  """image_merging require template_presentation_id,
  image_url and customer_name
  Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
  TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
  for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
  """
  creds, _ = google.auth.default()
  # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
  try:
    slides_service = build("slides", "v1", credentials=creds)
    drive_service = build("drive", "v3", credentials=creds)
    logo_url = image_url

    customer_graphic_url = image_url

    # Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
    copy_title = customer_name + " presentation"
    drive_response = (
        drive_service.files()
        .copy(fileId=template_presentation_id, body={"name": copy_title})
        .execute()
    )
    presentation_copy_id = drive_response.get("id")

    # Create the image merge (replaceAllShapesWithImage) requests.
    requests = []
    requests.append(
        {
            "replaceAllShapesWithImage": {
                "imageUrl": logo_url,
                "replaceMethod": "CENTER_INSIDE",
                "containsText": {
                    "text": "{{company-logo}}",
                    "matchCase": True,
                },
            }
        }
    )
    requests.append(
        {
            "replaceAllShapesWithImage": {
                "imageUrl": customer_graphic_url,
                "replaceMethod": "CENTER_INSIDE",
                "containsText": {
                    "text": "{{customer-graphic}}",
                    "matchCase": True,
                },
            }
        }
    )

    # Execute the requests.
    body = {"requests": requests}
    response = (
        slides_service.presentations()
        .batchUpdate(presentationId=presentation_copy_id, body=body)
        .execute()
    )

    # Count the number of replacements made.
    num_replacements = 0

    for reply in response.get("replies"):
      # add below line

      if reply.get("occurrencesChanged") is not None:
        # end tag
        num_replacements += reply.get("replaceAllShapesWithImage").get(
            "occurrencesChanged"
        )

    print(f"Created merged presentation with ID:{presentation_copy_id}")
    print(f"Replaced {num_replacements} shapes with images")
  except HttpError as error:
    print(f"An error occurred: {error}")
    print("Images is not merged")
    return error

  return response


if __name__ == "__main__":
  # Put the template_presentation_id, image_url and customer_name

  image_merging(
      "10QnVUx1X2qHsL17WUidGpPh_SQhXYx40CgIxaKk8jU4",
      "https://www.google.com/images/branding/"
      "googlelogo/2x/googlelogo_color_272x92dp.png",
      "Fake Customer",
  )

Ruby

slides/snippets/lib/file_snippets.rb
# Duplicate the template presentation using the Drive API.
copy_title = customer_name + ' presentation'
body = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::Presentation.new
body.title = copy_title
drive_response = drive_service.copy_file(template_presentation_id, body)
presentation_copy_id = drive_response.id

# Create the image merge (replace_all_shapes_with_image) requests.
requests = [] << {
  replace_all_shapes_with_image: {
    image_url:      logo_url,
    replace_method: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
    contains_text:  {
      text:       '{{company-logo}}',
      match_case: true
    }
  }
} << {
  replace_all_shapes_with_image: {
    image_url:      customer_graphic_url,
    replace_method: 'CENTER_INSIDE',
    contains_text:  {
      text:       '{{customer-graphic}}',
      match_case: true
    }
  }
}

# Execute the requests.
req = Google::Apis::SlidesV1::BatchUpdatePresentationRequest.new(requests: requests)
response = slides_service.batch_update_presentation(
  presentation_copy_id,
  req
)

# Count the number of replacements made.
num_replacements = 0
response.replies.each do |reply|
  num_replacements += reply.replace_all_shapes_with_image.occurrences_changed
end
puts "Created presentation for #{customer_name} with ID: #{presentation_copy_id}"
puts "Replaced #{num_replacements} shapes with images"

特定のテキスト ボックスまたは画像インスタンスを置き換える

replaceAllText リクエストと replaceAllShapesWithImage リクエストはプレゼンテーション全体でタグを置換するのに便利ですが、場合によっては、別の条件(特定のスライド上の場所など)に従って要素を置き換えるだけでよい場合もあります。

このような場合は、置き換えたいタグシェイプの ID を取得する必要があります。テキストの置換では、シェイプ内の既存のテキストを削除してから新しいテキストを挿入します(サンプルの指定されたシェイプのテキストを編集するを参照)。

画像の置換はより複雑。画像に結合するには、以下を行う必要があります。

  1. タグシェイプの ID を取得します。
  2. タグからサイズと変換の情報をコピーします。
  3. サイズと変換の情報を使用して、画像をページに追加します。
  4. タグのシェイプを削除します。

画像のアスペクト比を維持しながら、目的のサイズに拡大縮小するには、次のセクションで説明するように、注意が必要です。サンプルのシェイプタグを画像に置き換えるもご覧ください。

アスペクト比を保持

Slides API を使用して画像を作成する場合、アスペクト比は画像サイズのみに基づいており、サイズや変換データには影響しません。createImage リクエストで指定されたサイズデータは、画像の望ましいサイズとみなされます。API は、画像のアスペクト比をこの目的のサイズに適合させ、指定された変換を適用します。

タグを画像に置き換えるときに、画像のサイズとスケーリングを次のように設定することで、画像のアスペクト比を維持できます。

  • width: タグの widthscaleX の積に設定します。
  • height: タグの heightscaleY の積に設定します。
  • scale_x: 1 に設定します。
  • scale_y: 1 に設定します。

これにより、Slides API は、スケーリングされていないサイズではなく、タグの視覚的なサイズに応じて画像のアスペクト比を調整します(シェイプタグを画像に置き換えるをご覧ください)。スケーリング パラメータを 1 に設定すると、画像が 2 回スケーリングされなくなります。

このように配置することで、画像のアスペクト比が維持され、画像がタグ形状のサイズを超えないようにします。画像の中心点はタグのシェイプと同じです。

テンプレートを管理する

アプリが定義して所有するテンプレート プレゼンテーションの場合は、アプリケーションを表す専用アカウントを使用してテンプレートを作成します。サービス アカウントを使用することをおすすめします。共有を制限する Google Workspace ポリシーが複雑にならないようにします。

テンプレートからプレゼンテーションのインスタンスを作成する際は、必ずエンドユーザー認証情報を使用してください。これにより、ユーザーは生成されるプレゼンテーションを完全に制御でき、Google ドライブのユーザーごとの上限に関連するスケーリングの問題を防ぐことができます。

サービス アカウントを使用してテンプレートを作成するには、アプリケーションの認証情報を使用して次の操作を行います。

  1. Photos API で presentations.create を使用してプレゼンテーションを作成します。
  2. Drive API の permissions.create を使用してプレゼンテーションの受信者が閲覧できるように権限を更新します。
  3. Drive API の permissions.create を使用してテンプレート作成者への書き込みを許可する権限を更新します。
  4. 必要に応じてテンプレートを編集します。

プレゼンテーションのインスタンスを作成するには、ユーザー認証情報を使用して次の操作を行います。

  1. Drive API の files.copy を使用してテンプレートのコピーを作成します。
  2. Slides API の presentation.batchUpdate を使用して値を置換する。