Adding a Map with a Marker

This tutorial shows you how to add a Google map to your Android app. The map includes a marker, also called a pin, to indicate a specific location.

Follow the tutorial to build an Android app using the Maps SDK for Android. The recommended development environment is Android Studio.

Get the code

Clone or download the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository from GitHub.

View the Java version of the activity:

    // Copyright 2020 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

package com.example.mapwithmarker;

import android.os.Bundle;
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng;
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions;

/**
 * An activity that displays a Google map with a marker (pin) to indicate a particular location.
 */
public class MapsMarkerActivity extends AppCompatActivity
        implements OnMapReadyCallback {

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);

        // Get the SupportMapFragment and request notification when the map is ready to be used.
        SupportMapFragment mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
                .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }

    /**
     * Manipulates the map when it's available.
     * The API invokes this callback when the map is ready to be used.
     * This is where we can add markers or lines, add listeners or move the camera. In this case,
     * we just add a marker near Sydney, Australia.
     * If Google Play services is not installed on the device, the user receives a prompt to install
     * Play services inside the SupportMapFragment. The API invokes this method after the user has
     * installed Google Play services and returned to the app.
     */
    @Override
    public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {
        // Add a marker in Sydney, Australia,
        // and move the map's camera to the same location.
        LatLng sydney = new LatLng(-33.852, 151.211);
        googleMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
            .position(sydney)
            .title("Marker in Sydney"));
        googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(sydney));
    }
}

    

View the Kotlin version of the activity:

    // Copyright 2020 Google LLC
//
// Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
// you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
// You may obtain a copy of the License at
//
//      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
//
// Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
// distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
// WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
// See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
// limitations under the License.

package com.example.mapwithmarker

import android.os.Bundle
import android.widget.Toast
import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity
import com.google.android.gms.maps.CameraUpdateFactory
import com.google.android.gms.maps.GoogleMap
import com.google.android.gms.maps.OnMapReadyCallback
import com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.LatLng
import com.google.android.gms.maps.model.MarkerOptions

/**
 * An activity that displays a Google map with a marker (pin) to indicate a particular location.
 */
class MapsMarkerActivity : AppCompatActivity(), OnMapReadyCallback {

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps)

        // Get the SupportMapFragment and request notification when the map is ready to be used.
        val mapFragment = supportFragmentManager.findFragmentById(R.id.map) as? SupportMapFragment
        mapFragment?.getMapAsync(this)
    }

    override fun onMapReady(googleMap: GoogleMap) {
      val sydney = LatLng(-33.852, 151.211)
      googleMap.addMarker(
        MarkerOptions()
          .position(sydney)
          .title("Marker in Sydney")
      )
      googleMap.moveCamera(CameraUpdateFactory.newLatLng(sydney))
    }
}

    

Set up your development project

Follow these steps to create the tutorial project in Android Studio.

  1. Download and install Android Studio.
  2. Add the Google Play services package to Android Studio.
  3. Clone or download the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository if you didn't do that when you started reading this tutorial.
  4. Import the tutorial project:

    • In Android Studio, select File > New > Import Project.
    • Go to the location where you saved the Google Maps Android API v2 Samples repository after downloading it.
    • Find the MapWithMarker project at this location:
      PATH-TO-SAVED-REPO/android-samples/tutorials/java/MapWithMarker (Java) or
      PATH-TO-SAVED-REPO/android-samples/tutorials/kotlin/MapWithMarker (Kotlin)
    • Select the project directory, then click OK. Android Studio now builds your project, using the Gradle build tool.

Get an API key and enable the necessary APIs

To complete this tutorial, you need a Google API key that's authorized to use the Maps SDK for Android.

Click the button below to get a key and activate the API.

Get Started

For more details, see the full guide to getting an API key.

Add the API key to your app

  1. Open your project's local.properties file.
  2. Add the following string and then replace YOUR_API_KEY with the value of your API key:

    MAPS_API_KEY=YOUR_API_KEY
    

    When you build your app, the Secrets Gradle Plugin for Android will copy the API key and make it available as a build variable in the Android manifest, as explained below.

Build and run your app

  1. Connect an Android device to your computer. Follow the instructions to enable developer options on your Android device and configure your system to detect the device. (Alternatively, you can use the Android Virtual Device (AVD) Manager to configure a virtual device. When choosing an emulator, make sure you pick an image that includes the Google APIs. For more details, see the getting started guide.)
  2. In Android Studio, click the Run menu option (or the play button icon). Choose a device as prompted.

Android Studio invokes Gradle to build the app, and then runs the app on the device or on the emulator. You should see a map with a marker pointing at Sydney on the east coast of Australia, similar to the image on this page.

Troubleshooting:

Understand the code

This part of the tutorial explains the most significant parts of the MapWithMarker app, to help you understand how to build a similar app.

Check your Android manifest

Note the following elements in your app's AndroidManifest.xml file:

  • Add a meta-data element to embed the version of Google Play services that the app was compiled with.

    <meta-data
        android:name="com.google.android.gms.version"
        android:value="@integer/google_play_services_version" />
    
  • Add a meta-data element specifying your API key. The sample accompanying this tutorial maps the value for the API key to a build variable matching the name of the key you defined earlier, MAPS_API_KEY. When you build your app, the Secrets Gradle Plugin for Android will make the keys in your local.properties file available as manifest build variables.

    <meta-data
      android:name="com.google.android.geo.API_KEY"
      android:value="${MAPS_API_KEY}" />
    

    In your build.gradle file, the following line passes your API key to your Android manifest.

      id 'com.google.secrets_gradle_plugin' version '0.5'
    

Below is an example of a full manifest:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<!--
 Copyright 2020 Google LLC

 Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 You may obtain a copy of the License at

      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0

 Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 limitations under the License.
-->

<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.mapwithmarker">

    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">

        <meta-data
            android:name="com.google.android.gms.version"
            android:value="@integer/google_play_services_version" />

        <!--
             The API key for Google Maps-based APIs.
        -->
        <meta-data
            android:name="com.google.android.geo.API_KEY"
            android:value="${MAPS_API_KEY}" />

        <activity
            android:name=".MapsMarkerActivity"
            android:label="@string/title_activity_maps">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />

                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>

</manifest>

Add a map

Display a map, using the Maps SDK for Android.

  1. Add a <fragment> element to your activity's layout file, activity_maps.xml. This element defines a SupportMapFragment to act as a container for the map and to provide access to the GoogleMap object. The tutorial uses the Android support library version of the map fragment, to ensure backward compatibility with earlier versions of the Android framework.

    <!--
     Copyright 2020 Google LLC
    
     Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
     you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
     You may obtain a copy of the License at
    
          http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
    
     Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
     distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
     WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
     See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
     limitations under the License.
    -->
    
    <fragment xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
        xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
        android:id="@+id/map"
        android:name="com.google.android.gms.maps.SupportMapFragment"
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        tools:context="com.example.mapwithmarker.MapsMarkerActivity" />
    
    
  2. In your activity's onCreate() method, set the layout file as the content view. Get a handle to the map fragment by calling FragmentManager.findFragmentById(). Then use getMapAsync() to register for the map callback:

    Java

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps);
    
        // Get the SupportMapFragment and request notification when the map is ready to be used.
        SupportMapFragment mapFragment = (SupportMapFragment) getSupportFragmentManager()
                .findFragmentById(R.id.map);
        mapFragment.getMapAsync(this);
    }
    

    Kotlin

    override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
        // Retrieve the content view that renders the map.
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_maps)
    
        // Get the SupportMapFragment and request notification when the map is ready to be used.
        val mapFragment = supportFragmentManager.findFragmentById(R.id.map) as? SupportMapFragment
        mapFragment?.getMapAsync(this)
    }
    
  3. Implement the OnMapReadyCallback interface and override the onMapReady() method, to set up the map when the GoogleMap object is available:

    Java

    public class MapsMarkerActivity extends AppCompatActivity
            implements OnMapReadyCallback {
    
        // ...
    
        @Override
        public void onMapReady(GoogleMap googleMap) {
            LatLng sydney = new LatLng(-33.852, 151.211);
            googleMap.addMarker(new MarkerOptions()
                .position(sydney)
                .title("Marker in Sydney"));
        }
    }
    

    Kotlin

    class MapsMarkerActivity : AppCompatActivity(), OnMapReadyCallback {
    
        // ...
    
        override fun onMapReady(googleMap: GoogleMap) {
          val sydney = LatLng(-33.852, 151.211)
          googleMap.addMarker(
            MarkerOptions()
              .position(sydney)
              .title("Marker in Sydney")
          )
        }
    }
    

By default, the Maps SDK for Android displays the content of the info window when the user taps a marker. There's no need to add a click listener for the marker if you’re happy to use the default behavior.

Next steps

Learn more about the map object and what you can do with markers.