开始使用

根据 Google《欧盟地区用户意见征求政策》,您必须向位于欧洲经济区 (EEA) 以及英国境内的用户披露相关信息;在法律有要求的情况下,必须征得他们的同意才能使用 Cookie 或其他本地存储方式;此外,您必须同意他们使用个人数据(例如 AdID)来投放广告。此政策反映了欧盟《电子隐私指令》和《一般数据保护条例》(GDPR) 的要求。

为了帮助发布商履行此政策规定的职责,Google 提供了 User Messaging Platform (UMP) SDK。UMP SDK 已更新,可支持最新的 IAB 标准。所有这些配置现在都可以在“隐私权和消息”中轻松处理。 AdMob

前提条件

  • Android API 级别 21 或更高级别

创建消息类型

创建用户消息时,您可以使用 可用的用户消息类型 (在 AdMob 账号的隐私权和消息标签页下)创建用户消息。UMP SDK 会尝试显示通过 AdMob 中设置的应用 ID 创建的用户消息。如果没有为您的应用配置消息,SDK 会返回错误。

如需了解详情,请参阅 隐私权和消息简介

通过 Gradle 安装

将 Google User Messaging Platform SDK 的依赖项添加到您的模块的应用级 Gradle 文件(通常为 app/build.gradle):

dependencies {
  implementation("com.google.android.ump:user-messaging-platform:2.2.0")
}

对应用的 build.gradle 进行更改后,请务必将项目与 Gradle 文件同步。

每次启动应用时,您都应使用 requestConsentInfoUpdate()请求更新用户的意见征求信息。这决定了您的用户是否需要提供用户意见征求结果(如果尚未提供或者用户意见征求结果已过期)。

以下示例展示了如何在 onCreate() 方法中通过 MainActivity 检查状态。

Java

package com.example.myapplication;

import androidx.appcompat.app.AppCompatActivity;

import android.os.Bundle;

import com.google.android.ump.ConsentInformation;
import com.google.android.ump.ConsentRequestParameters;
import com.google.android.ump.FormError;
import com.google.android.ump.UserMessagingPlatform;

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  private ConsentInformation consentInformation;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    ConsentRequestParameters params = new ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build();

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener) () -> {
          // TODO: Load and show the consent form.
        },
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener) requestConsentError -> {
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.getErrorCode(),
              requestConsentError.getMessage()));
        });
  }
}

Kotlin

package com.example.myapplication

import com.google.android.ump.ConsentInformation
import com.google.android.ump.ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener
import com.google.android.ump.ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener
import com.google.android.ump.ConsentRequestParameters
import com.google.android.ump.UserMessagingPlatform

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  private lateinit var consentInformation: ConsentInformation

  override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    val params = ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build()

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener {
          // TODO: Load and show the consent form.
        },
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener {
          requestConsentError ->
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.errorCode(),
              requestConsentError.message()))
        })
  }
}

根据需要加载并显示用户意见征求表单

重要提示:以下 API 与 UMP SDK 2.1.0 或更高版本兼容。

收到最新的用户意见征求状态后,请对ConsentForm 类调用loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired() 以加载用户意见征求表单。如果需要征求用户意见,则 SDK 会加载一个表单,并立即 从提供的 activity中显示该表单。 callback 在表单关闭后 调用。如果不需要征得用户同意,系统会立即 callback 操作。

Java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  private ConsentInformation consentInformation;

  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    ConsentRequestParameters params = new ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build();

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener) () -> {
          UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
            this,
            (OnConsentFormDismissedListener) loadAndShowError -> {
              if (loadAndShowError != null) {
                // Consent gathering failed.
                Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
                    loadAndShowError.getErrorCode(),
                    loadAndShowError.getMessage()));
              }

              // Consent has been gathered.
            }
          );
        },
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener) requestConsentError -> {
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.getErrorCode(),
              requestConsentError.getMessage()));
        });
  }
}

Kotlin

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  private lateinit var consentInformation: ConsentInformation

  override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    val params = ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build()

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener {
          UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
            this@MainActivity,
            ConsentForm.OnConsentFormDismissedListener {
              loadAndShowError ->
              // Consent gathering failed.
              Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
                  loadAndShowError.errorCode(),
                  loadAndShowError.message()))

              // Consent has been gathered.
            }
          )
        },
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener {
          requestConsentError ->
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.errorCode(),
              requestConsentError.message()))
        })
  }
}

如果您需要在用户做出选择或关闭表单后执行操作,请将相应逻辑放入表单的 callback中。

提出广告请求

在应用中请求广告之前,请检查您是否已使用 canRequestAds()征得用户的同意。征求用户意见时需要检查以下两个方面:

  1. 在当前会话中征求用户意见后。
  2. 调用 requestConsentInfoUpdate()后立即执行。 可能已经在之前的会话中征得用户同意。作为延迟时间最佳做法,我们建议您不要等待回调完成,这样您就可以在应用启动后尽快开始加载广告。

如果在征求用户意见的过程中发生错误,您仍然应该尝试请求广告。UMP SDK 会使用上一个会话的用户意见征求状态。

Java

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
  private ConsentInformation consentInformation;
  // Use an atomic boolean to initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK and load ads once.
  private final AtomicBoolean isMobileAdsInitializeCalled = new AtomicBoolean(false);
  
  @Override
  protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    ConsentRequestParameters params = new ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build();

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener) () -> {
          UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
            this,
            (OnConsentFormDismissedListener) loadAndShowError -> {
              if (loadAndShowError != null) {
                // Consent gathering failed.
                Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
                    loadAndShowError.getErrorCode(),
                    loadAndShowError.getMessage()));
              }

              // Consent has been gathered.
              if (consentInformation.canRequestAds) {
                initializeMobileAdsSdk();
              }
            }
          );
        },
        (OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener) requestConsentError -> {
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.getErrorCode(),
              requestConsentError.getMessage()));
        });
    
    // Check if you can initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK in parallel
    // while checking for new consent information. Consent obtained in
    // the previous session can be used to request ads.
    if (consentInformation.canRequestAds) {
      initializeMobileAdsSdk();
    }
  }
  
  private void initializeMobileAdsSdk() {
    if (isMobileAdsInitializeCalled.getAndSet(true)) {
      return;
    }

    // Initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK.
    MobileAds.initialize(this);

    // TODO: Request an ad.
    // InterstitialAd.load(...);
  }
}

Kotlin

class MainActivity : AppCompatActivity() {
  private lateinit var consentInformation: ConsentInformation
  // Use an atomic boolean to initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK and load ads once.
  private var isMobileAdsInitializeCalled = AtomicBoolean(false)
  
  override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
    super.onCreate(savedInstanceState)
    setContentView(R.layout.activity_main)

    // Create a ConsentRequestParameters object.
    val params = ConsentRequestParameters
        .Builder()
        .build()

    consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
    consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
        this,
        params,
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener {
          UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
            this@MainActivity,
            ConsentForm.OnConsentFormDismissedListener {
              loadAndShowError ->
              // Consent gathering failed.
              Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
                  loadAndShowError.errorCode(),
                  loadAndShowError.message()))

              // Consent has been gathered.
              if (consentInformation.canRequestAds) {
                initializeMobileAdsSdk()
              }
            }
          )
        },
        ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateFailureListener {
          requestConsentError ->
          // Consent gathering failed.
          Log.w(TAG, String.format("%s: %s",
              requestConsentError.errorCode(),
              requestConsentError.message()))
        })
    
    // Check if you can initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK in parallel
    // while checking for new consent information. Consent obtained in
    // the previous session can be used to request ads.
    if (consentInformation.canRequestAds) {
      initializeMobileAdsSdk()
    }
  }
  
  private fun initializeMobileAdsSdk() {
    if (isMobileAdsInitializeCalled.getAndSet(true)) {
      return
    }

    // Initialize the Google Mobile Ads SDK.
    MobileAds.initialize(this)

    // TODO: Request an ad.
    // InterstitialAd.load(...)
  }
}

隐私设置选项

一些用户意见征求表单要求用户随时修改同意声明。如需实现隐私权选项按钮(如果需要),请按照以下步骤操作。

要实现这一目标,需要完成以下步骤:

  1. 实现可以触发隐私权选项表单的界面元素,例如应用设置页面中的按钮。
  2. loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired() 完成后,请检查privacyOptionsRequirementStatus() ,以确定是否显示可以呈现隐私选项表单的界面元素。
  3. 当用户与您的界面元素互动时,调用showPrivacyOptionsForm() 以显示该表单,以便用户随时更新其隐私选项。

以下示例展示了如何从 MenuItem 显示隐私权选项表单。

Java

private final ConsentInformation consentInformation;

// Show a privacy options button if required.
public boolean isPrivacyOptionsRequired() {
  return consentInformation.getPrivacyOptionsRequirementStatus()
      == PrivacyOptionsRequirementStatus.REQUIRED;
}

@Override
protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
  // ...

  consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
  consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
      this,
      params,
      (OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener) () -> {
        UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
          this,
          (OnConsentFormDismissedListener) loadAndShowError -> {
            // ...

            // Consent has been gathered.

            if (isPrivacyOptionsRequired()) {
              // Regenerate the options menu to include a privacy setting.
              invalidateOptionsMenu();
            }
          }
        )
      }
      // ...
}

@Override
public boolean onCreateOptionsMenu(Menu menu) {
  getMenuInflater().inflate(R.menu.action_menu, menu);
  MenuItem moreMenu = menu.findItem(R.id.action_more);
  moreMenu.setVisible(isPrivacyOptionsRequired());
  return true;
}

@Override
public boolean onOptionsItemSelected(MenuItem item) {
  // ...

  popup.setOnMenuItemClickListener(
      popupMenuItem -> {
        if (popupMenuItem.getItemId() == R.id.privacy_settings) {
          // Present the privacy options form when a user interacts with
          // the privacy settings button.
          UserMessagingPlatform.showPrivacyOptionsForm(
              this,
              formError -> {
                if (formError != null) {
                  // Handle the error.
                }
              }
          );
          return true;
        }
        return false;
      });
  return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item);
}

Kotlin

private val consentInformation: ConsentInformation =
  UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(context)

// Show a privacy options button if required.
val isPrivacyOptionsRequired: Boolean
  get() =
    consentInformation.privacyOptionsRequirementStatus ==
      ConsentInformation.PrivacyOptionsRequirementStatus.REQUIRED

override fun onCreate(savedInstanceState: Bundle?) {
  ...
  consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
  consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
      this,
      params,
      ConsentInformation.OnConsentInfoUpdateSuccessListener {
        UserMessagingPlatform.loadAndShowConsentFormIfRequired(
          this@MainActivity,
          ConsentForm.OnConsentFormDismissedListener {
            // ...

            // Consent has been gathered.

            if (isPrivacyOptionsRequired) {
              // Regenerate the options menu to include a privacy setting.
              invalidateOptionsMenu();
            }
          }
        )
      }
      // ...
}

override fun onCreateOptionsMenu(menu: Menu?): Boolean {
  menuInflater.inflate(R.menu.action_menu, menu)
  menu?.findItem(R.id.action_more)?.apply {
    isVisible = isPrivacyOptionsRequired
  }
  return super.onCreateOptionsMenu(menu)
}

override fun onOptionsItemSelected(item: MenuItem): Boolean {
  // ...

  popup.setOnMenuItemClickListener { popupMenuItem ->
    when (popupMenuItem.itemId) {
      R.id.privacy_settings -> {
        // Present the privacy options form when a user interacts with
        // the privacy settings button.
        UserMessagingPlatform.showPrivacyOptionsForm(this) { formError ->
          formError?.let {
            // Handle the error.
          }
        }
        true
      }
      else -> false
    }
  }
  return super.onOptionsItemSelected(item)
}

测试

如果您希望在开发过程中测试应用中的集成,请按照以下步骤以编程方式注册测试设备。

  1. 调用 requestConsentInfoUpdate()
  2. 检查日志输出中是否存在类似如下的消息,该消息显示了您的设备 ID 以及如何将其添加为测试设备:

    Use new ConsentDebugSettings.Builder().addTestDeviceHashedId("33BE2250B43518CCDA7DE426D04EE231") to set this as a debug device.
    
  3. 将测试设备 ID 复制到剪贴板。

  4. 修改代码,将其call ConsentDebugSettings.Builder().addTestDeviceHashedId() 并传入您的测试设备 ID 列表。

Java

ConsentDebugSettings debugSettings = new ConsentDebugSettings.Builder(this)
    .addTestDeviceHashedId("TEST-DEVICE-HASHED-ID")
    .build();

ConsentRequestParameters params = new ConsentRequestParameters
    .Builder()
    .setConsentDebugSettings(debugSettings)
    .build();

consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
// Include the ConsentRequestParameters in your consent request.
consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
    this,
    params,
    ...
);

Kotlin

val debugSettings = ConsentDebugSettings.Builder(this)
    .addTestDeviceHashedId("TEST-DEVICE-HASHED-ID")
    .build()

val params = ConsentRequestParameters
    .Builder()
    .setConsentDebugSettings(debugSettings)
    .build()

consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
// Include the ConsentRequestParameters in your consent request.
consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
    this,
    params,
    ...
)

强制设置地理位置

UMP SDK 可让您使用 the setDebugGeography() method which takes a DebugGeography on ConsentDebugSettings.Builder来测试应用的行为,就像设备位于欧洲经济区 (EEA) 或英国一样。请注意,调试设置仅适用于测试设备。

Java

ConsentDebugSettings debugSettings = new ConsentDebugSettings.Builder(this)
    .setDebugGeography(ConsentDebugSettings.DebugGeography.DEBUG_GEOGRAPHY_EEA)
    .addTestDeviceHashedId("TEST-DEVICE-HASHED-ID")
    .build();

ConsentRequestParameters params = new ConsentRequestParameters
    .Builder()
    .setConsentDebugSettings(debugSettings)
    .build();

consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this);
// Include the ConsentRequestParameters in your consent request.
consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
    this,
    params,
    ...
);

Kotlin

val debugSettings = ConsentDebugSettings.Builder(this)
    .setDebugGeography(ConsentDebugSettings.DebugGeography.DEBUG_GEOGRAPHY_EEA)
    .addTestDeviceHashedId("TEST-DEVICE-HASHED-ID")
    .build()

val params = ConsentRequestParameters
    .Builder()
    .setConsentDebugSettings(debugSettings)
    .build()

consentInformation = UserMessagingPlatform.getConsentInformation(this)
// Include the ConsentRequestParameters in your consent request.
consentInformation.requestConsentInfoUpdate(
    this,
    params,
    ...
)

通过 UMP SDK 测试应用时,您可能会发现重置 SDK 的状态非常有用,因为您可以模拟用户的首次安装体验。该 SDK 提供的 reset() 方法可实现此目的。

Java

consentInformation.reset();

Kotlin

consentInformation.reset()

GitHub 上的示例

UMP SDK 集成示例: Java | Kotlin