JRC Monthly Water Recurrence, v1.4

Dataset Availability
Dataset Provider
Earth Engine Snippet
geophysical google history jrc landsat-derived monthly surface water


This dataset contains maps of the location and temporal distribution of surface water from 1984 to 2021 and provides statistics on the extent and change of those water surfaces. For more information see the associated journal article: High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes (Nature, 2016) and the online Data Users Guide.

These data were generated using 4,716,475 scenes from Landsat 5, 7, and 8 acquired between 16 March 1984 and 31 December 2021. Each pixel was individually classified into water / non-water using an expert system and the results were collated into a monthly history for the entire time period and two epochs (1984-1999, 2000-2021) for change detection.

The Monthly Recurrence collection contains 12 images: monthly measures of the seasonality of water based on the occurrence values detected in that month over all years.


30 meters


Name Units Min Max Description
monthly_recurrence % 0 100

The recurrence value expressed as a percentage for this month.


A flag to indicate if the month has observations.

Image Properties

Image Properties

Name Type Description
month DOUBLE


Terms of Use

Terms of Use

All data here is produced under the Copernicus Programme and is provided free of charge, without restriction of use. For the full license information see the Copernicus Regulation.

Publications, models, and data products that make use of these datasets must include proper acknowledgement, including citing datasets and the journal article as in the following citation.

If you are using the data as a layer in a published map, please include the following attribution text: 'Source: EC JRC/Google'


  • Jean-Francois Pekel, Andrew Cottam, Noel Gorelick, Alan S. Belward, High-resolution mapping of global surface water and its long-term changes. Nature 540, 418-422 (2016). (doi:10.1038/nature20584)

Explore with Earth Engine

Code Editor (JavaScript)

var dataset = ee.ImageCollection('JRC/GSW1_4/MonthlyRecurrence');

var visualization = {
  bands: ['monthly_recurrence'],
  min: 0.0,
  max: 100.0,
  palette: ['ffffff', 'ffbbbb', '0000ff']

Map.setCenter(-51.482, -0.835, 6);

Map.addLayer(dataset, visualization, 'Monthly Recurrence');
Open in Code Editor