Przechowywanie danych aplikacji

Folder danych aplikacji to specjalny ukryty folder, w którym aplikacja może przechowywać dane aplikacji, takie jak pliki konfiguracji. Folder danych aplikacji jest tworzony automatycznie, gdy próbujesz utworzyć w nim plik. W tym folderze możesz przechowywać pliki, z którymi użytkownik nie powinien bezpośrednio wchodzić w interakcję. Ten folder jest dostępny tylko dla Twojej aplikacji i jej zawartość jest niewidoczna dla użytkownika ani w innych aplikacjach Dysku.

Folder danych aplikacji jest usuwany, gdy użytkownik odinstaluje Twoją aplikację z Mojego dysku. Użytkownicy mogą też ręcznie usunąć folder danych aplikacji.

Zakres folderów danych aplikacji

Aby uzyskać dostęp do folderu danych aplikacji, musisz poprosić o dostęp do zakresu https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata. Więcej informacji o zakresach oraz o tym, jak poprosić o dostęp do nich, znajdziesz w artykule Uwierzytelnianie użytkowników.

Tworzenie pliku w folderze danych aplikacji

Aby utworzyć plik w folderze danych aplikacji, wpisz appDataFolder we właściwości parents pliku i użyj metody files.create, aby przesłać plik do folderu. Poniższy przykład pokazuje, jak wstawić plik do folderu przy użyciu biblioteki klienta:

Java

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/UploadAppData.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.FileContent;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Collections;

/**
 * Class to demonstrate use-case of create file in the application data folder.
 */
public class UploadAppData {

  /**
   * Creates a file in the application data folder.
   *
   * @return Created file's Id.
   */
  public static String uploadAppData() throws IOException {
        /*Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = null;
    try {
      credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
          .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_APPDATA));
    } catch (IOException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      // File's metadata.
      File fileMetadata = new File();
      fileMetadata.setName("config.json");
      fileMetadata.setParents(Collections.singletonList("appDataFolder"));
      java.io.File filePath = new java.io.File("files/config.json");
      FileContent mediaContent = new FileContent("application/json", filePath);
      File file = service.files().create(fileMetadata, mediaContent)
          .setFields("id")
          .execute();
      System.out.println("File ID: " + file.getId());
      return file.getId();
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to create file: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }

}

Python

drive/snippets/drive-v3/app_data_snippet/upload_appdata.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError
from googleapiclient.http import MediaFileUpload


def upload_appdata():
    """Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id.
    Returns : ID's of the inserted files

    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()

    try:
        # call drive api client
        service = build('drive', 'v3', credentials=creds)

        # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
        file_metadata = {
            'name': 'abc.txt',
            'parents': ['appDataFolder']
        }
        media = MediaFileUpload('abc.txt',
                                mimetype='text/txt',
                                resumable=True)
        file = service.files().create(body=file_metadata, media_body=media,
                                      fields='id').execute()
        print(F'File ID: {file.get("id")}')

    except HttpError as error:
        print(F'An error occurred: {error}')
        file = None

    return file.get('id')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    upload_appdata()

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/appdata_snippets/upload_appdata.js
/**
 * Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id
 * */
async function uploadAppdata() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');
  const fs = require('fs');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  const fileMetadata = {
    name: 'config.json',
    parents: ['appDataFolder'],
  };
  const media = {
    mimeType: 'application/json',
    body: fs.createReadStream('files/config.json'),
  };
  try {
    const file = await service.files.create({
      resource: fileMetadata,
      media: media,
      fields: 'id',
    });
    console.log('File Id:', file.data.id);
    return file.data.id;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveUploadAppData.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
function uploadAppData()
{
   try {
    $client = new Client();
    $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
    $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
    $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE_APPDATA);
    $driveService = new Drive($client);
    $fileMetadata = new Drive\DriveFile(array(
        'name' => 'config.json',
        'parents' => array('appDataFolder')
    ));
    $content = file_get_contents('../files/config.json');
    $file = $driveService->files->create($fileMetadata, array(
        'data' => $content,
        'mimeType' => 'application/json',
        'uploadType' => 'multipart',
        'fields' => 'id'));
    printf("File ID: %s\n", $file->id);
    return $file->id;

   } catch(Exception $e) {
     echo "Error Message: ".$e;
   }  
}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3Fragments/UploadAppData.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class of demonstrate the use of Drive upload app data. 
    public class UploadAppData
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// Insert a file in the application data folder and prints file Id.
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="filePath">File path to upload.</param>
        /// <returns>ID's of the inserted files, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static string DriveUploadAppData(string filePath)
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.DriveAppdata);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });
                var fileMetadata = new Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data.File()
                {
                    Name = "config.json",
                    Parents = new List<string>()
                    {
                        "appDataFolder"
                    }
                };
                FilesResource.CreateMediaUpload request;
                using (var stream = new FileStream(filePath,
                           FileMode.Open))
                {
                    request = service.Files.Create(
                        fileMetadata, stream, "application/json");
                    request.Fields = "id";
                    request.Upload();
                }

                var file = request.ResponseBody;
                // Prints the file id.
                Console.WriteLine("File ID: " + file.Id);
                return file.Id;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}

Więcej informacji o tworzeniu plików w folderach znajdziesz w artykule Tworzenie i uzupełnianie folderów.

Wyszukiwanie plików w folderze danych aplikacji

Aby wyszukać pliki w folderze danych aplikacji, w polu spaces ustaw wartość appDataFolder i użyj metody files.list. Poniższy przykład pokazuje, jak wyszukać pliki w folderze danych aplikacji za pomocą biblioteki klienta:

Java

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/main/java/ListAppData.java
import com.google.api.client.googleapis.json.GoogleJsonResponseException;
import com.google.api.client.http.HttpRequestInitializer;
import com.google.api.client.http.javanet.NetHttpTransport;
import com.google.api.client.json.gson.GsonFactory;
import com.google.api.services.drive.Drive;
import com.google.api.services.drive.DriveScopes;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.File;
import com.google.api.services.drive.model.FileList;
import com.google.auth.http.HttpCredentialsAdapter;
import com.google.auth.oauth2.GoogleCredentials;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * Class to demonstrate use-case of list 10 files in the application data folder.
 */
public class ListAppData {

  /**
   * list down files in the application data folder.
   *
   * @return list of 10 files.
   */
  public static FileList listAppData() throws IOException {
        /*Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
        TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
        guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application.*/
    GoogleCredentials credentials = null;
    try {
      credentials = GoogleCredentials.getApplicationDefault()
          .createScoped(Arrays.asList(DriveScopes.DRIVE_APPDATA));
    } catch (IOException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
    HttpRequestInitializer requestInitializer = new HttpCredentialsAdapter(
        credentials);

    // Build a new authorized API client service.
    Drive service = new Drive.Builder(new NetHttpTransport(),
        GsonFactory.getDefaultInstance(),
        requestInitializer)
        .setApplicationName("Drive samples")
        .build();
    try {
      FileList files = service.files().list()
          .setSpaces("appDataFolder")
          .setFields("nextPageToken, files(id, name)")
          .setPageSize(10)
          .execute();
      for (File file : files.getFiles()) {
        System.out.printf("Found file: %s (%s)\n",
            file.getName(), file.getId());
      }

      return files;
    } catch (GoogleJsonResponseException e) {
      // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
      System.err.println("Unable to list files: " + e.getDetails());
      throw e;
    }
  }

}

Python

drive/snippets/drive-v3/app_data_snippet/list_appdata.py
from __future__ import print_function

import google.auth
from googleapiclient.discovery import build
from googleapiclient.errors import HttpError


def list_appdata():
    """List all files inserted in the application data folder
    prints file titles with Ids.
    Returns : List of items

    Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
    TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity
    for guides on implementing OAuth2 for the application.
    """
    creds, _ = google.auth.default()

    try:
        # call drive api client
        service = build('drive', 'v3', credentials=creds)

        # pylint: disable=maybe-no-member
        response = service.files().list(spaces='appDataFolder',
                                        fields='nextPageToken, files(id, '
                                               'name)', pageSize=10).execute()
        for file in response.get('files', []):
            # Process change
            print(F'Found file: {file.get("name")}, {file.get("id")}')

    except HttpError as error:
        print(F'An error occurred: {error}')
        response = None

    return response.get('files')


if __name__ == '__main__':
    list_appdata()

Node.js

drive/snippets/drive_v3/appdata_snippets/list_appdata.js
/**
 * Copyright 2022 Google LLC
 *
 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *     https://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 * limitations under the License.
 */

/**
 * List all files inserted in the application data folder
 * */
async function listAppdata() {
  // Get credentials and build service
  // TODO (developer) - Use appropriate auth mechanism for your app

  const {GoogleAuth} = require('google-auth-library');
  const {google} = require('googleapis');

  const auth = new GoogleAuth({
    scopes: 'https://www.googleapis.com/auth/drive.appdata',
  });
  const service = google.drive({version: 'v3', auth});
  try {
    const res = await service.files.list({
      spaces: 'appDataFolder',
      fields: 'nextPageToken, files(id, name)',
      pageSize: 100,
    });
    res.data.files.forEach(function(file) {
      console.log('Found file:', file.name, file.id);
    });
    return res.data.files;
  } catch (err) {
    // TODO(developer) - Handle error
    throw err;
  }
}

module.exports = listAppdata;

PHP

drive/snippets/drive_v3/src/DriveListAppData.php
use Google\Client;
use Google\Service\Drive;
function listAppData()
{
    try {
        $client = new Client();
        $client->useApplicationDefaultCredentials();
        $client->addScope(Drive::DRIVE);
        $driveService = new Drive($client);
        $response = $driveService->files->listFiles(array(
            'spaces' => 'appDataFolder',
            'fields' => 'nextPageToken, files(id, name)',
            'pageSize' => 10
        ));
        foreach ($response->files as $file) {
            printf("Found file: %s (%s)", $file->name, $file->id);
        }
        return $response->files;

    }catch(Exception $e) {
        echo "Error Message: ".$e;
    }

}

.NET

drive/snippets/drive_v3/DriveV3Fragments/ListAppData.cs
using Google.Apis.Auth.OAuth2;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3;
using Google.Apis.Drive.v3.Data;
using Google.Apis.Services;

namespace DriveV3Snippets
{
    // Class to demonstrate use-case of Drive's list files in the application data folder.
    public class ListAppData
    {
        /// <summary>
        /// List down files in the application data folder.
        /// </summary>
        /// <returns>list of 10 files, null otherwise.</returns>
        public static FileList DriveListAppData()
        {
            try
            {
                /* Load pre-authorized user credentials from the environment.
                 TODO(developer) - See https://developers.google.com/identity for
                 guides on implementing OAuth2 for your application. */
                GoogleCredential credential = GoogleCredential.GetApplicationDefault()
                    .CreateScoped(DriveService.Scope.DriveAppdata);

                // Create Drive API service.
                var service = new DriveService(new BaseClientService.Initializer
                {
                    HttpClientInitializer = credential,
                    ApplicationName = "Drive API Snippets"
                });

                var request = service.Files.List();
                request.Spaces = "appDataFolder";
                request.Fields = "nextPageToken, files(id, name)";
                request.PageSize = 10;
                var result = request.Execute();
                foreach (var file in result.Files)
                {
                    // Prints the list of 10 file names.
                    Console.WriteLine("Found file: {0} ({1})", file.Name, file.Id);
                }
                return result;
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                // TODO(developer) - handle error appropriately
                if (e is AggregateException)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Credential Not found");
                }
                else
                {
                    throw;
                }
            }
            return null;
        }
    }
}