Place Autocomplete

The Place Autocomplete sample demonstrates how to use the Place Autocomplete widget to provide a type-ahead search box.

  • The radio buttons allow you to filter the types of predictions that the autocomplete returns.
  • The Strict Bounds option restricts the search to the area within the current viewport. If this option is not checked, then the API biases the search to the current viewport, but it does not restrict it.

When you select an autocomplete result the sample then calls the getPlace() method, and then it opens an info window to display place details.

For more information, see the Autocomplete class.

TypeScript

// This example requires the Places library. Include the libraries=places
// parameter when you first load the API. For example:
// <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&libraries=places">

function initMap(): void {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(
    document.getElementById("map") as HTMLElement,
    {
      center: { lat: 40.749933, lng: -73.98633 },
      zoom: 13,
      mapTypeControl: false,
    }
  );
  const card = document.getElementById("pac-card") as HTMLElement;
  const input = document.getElementById("pac-input") as HTMLInputElement;
  const biasInputElement = document.getElementById(
    "use-location-bias"
  ) as HTMLInputElement;
  const strictBoundsInputElement = document.getElementById(
    "use-strict-bounds"
  ) as HTMLInputElement;
  const options = {
    fields: ["formatted_address", "geometry", "name"],
    strictBounds: false,
    types: ["establishment"],
  };

  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(card);

  const autocomplete = new google.maps.places.Autocomplete(input, options);

  // Bind the map's bounds (viewport) property to the autocomplete object,
  // so that the autocomplete requests use the current map bounds for the
  // bounds option in the request.
  autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);

  const infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow();
  const infowindowContent = document.getElementById(
    "infowindow-content"
  ) as HTMLElement;

  infowindow.setContent(infowindowContent);

  const marker = new google.maps.Marker({
    map,
    anchorPoint: new google.maps.Point(0, -29),
  });

  autocomplete.addListener("place_changed", () => {
    infowindow.close();
    marker.setVisible(false);

    const place = autocomplete.getPlace();

    if (!place.geometry || !place.geometry.location) {
      // User entered the name of a Place that was not suggested and
      // pressed the Enter key, or the Place Details request failed.
      window.alert("No details available for input: '" + place.name + "'");
      return;
    }

    // If the place has a geometry, then present it on a map.
    if (place.geometry.viewport) {
      map.fitBounds(place.geometry.viewport);
    } else {
      map.setCenter(place.geometry.location);
      map.setZoom(17);
    }

    marker.setPosition(place.geometry.location);
    marker.setVisible(true);

    infowindowContent.children["place-name"].textContent = place.name;
    infowindowContent.children["place-address"].textContent =
      place.formatted_address;
    infowindow.open(map, marker);
  });

  // Sets a listener on a radio button to change the filter type on Places
  // Autocomplete.
  function setupClickListener(id, types) {
    const radioButton = document.getElementById(id) as HTMLInputElement;

    radioButton.addEventListener("click", () => {
      autocomplete.setTypes(types);
      input.value = "";
    });
  }

  setupClickListener("changetype-all", []);
  setupClickListener("changetype-address", ["address"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-establishment", ["establishment"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-geocode", ["geocode"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-cities", ["(cities)"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-regions", ["(regions)"]);

  biasInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => {
    if (biasInputElement.checked) {
      autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);
    } else {
      // User wants to turn off location bias, so three things need to happen:
      // 1. Unbind from map
      // 2. Reset the bounds to whole world
      // 3. Uncheck the strict bounds checkbox UI (which also disables strict bounds)
      autocomplete.unbind("bounds");
      autocomplete.setBounds({ east: 180, west: -180, north: 90, south: -90 });
      strictBoundsInputElement.checked = biasInputElement.checked;
    }

    input.value = "";
  });

  strictBoundsInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => {
    autocomplete.setOptions({
      strictBounds: strictBoundsInputElement.checked,
    });

    if (strictBoundsInputElement.checked) {
      biasInputElement.checked = strictBoundsInputElement.checked;
      autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);
    }

    input.value = "";
  });
}

JavaScript

// This example requires the Places library. Include the libraries=places
// parameter when you first load the API. For example:
// <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&libraries=places">
function initMap() {
  const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), {
    center: { lat: 40.749933, lng: -73.98633 },
    zoom: 13,
    mapTypeControl: false,
  });
  const card = document.getElementById("pac-card");
  const input = document.getElementById("pac-input");
  const biasInputElement = document.getElementById("use-location-bias");
  const strictBoundsInputElement = document.getElementById("use-strict-bounds");
  const options = {
    fields: ["formatted_address", "geometry", "name"],
    strictBounds: false,
    types: ["establishment"],
  };

  map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(card);

  const autocomplete = new google.maps.places.Autocomplete(input, options);

  // Bind the map's bounds (viewport) property to the autocomplete object,
  // so that the autocomplete requests use the current map bounds for the
  // bounds option in the request.
  autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);

  const infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow();
  const infowindowContent = document.getElementById("infowindow-content");

  infowindow.setContent(infowindowContent);

  const marker = new google.maps.Marker({
    map,
    anchorPoint: new google.maps.Point(0, -29),
  });

  autocomplete.addListener("place_changed", () => {
    infowindow.close();
    marker.setVisible(false);

    const place = autocomplete.getPlace();

    if (!place.geometry || !place.geometry.location) {
      // User entered the name of a Place that was not suggested and
      // pressed the Enter key, or the Place Details request failed.
      window.alert("No details available for input: '" + place.name + "'");
      return;
    }

    // If the place has a geometry, then present it on a map.
    if (place.geometry.viewport) {
      map.fitBounds(place.geometry.viewport);
    } else {
      map.setCenter(place.geometry.location);
      map.setZoom(17);
    }

    marker.setPosition(place.geometry.location);
    marker.setVisible(true);
    infowindowContent.children["place-name"].textContent = place.name;
    infowindowContent.children["place-address"].textContent =
      place.formatted_address;
    infowindow.open(map, marker);
  });

  // Sets a listener on a radio button to change the filter type on Places
  // Autocomplete.
  function setupClickListener(id, types) {
    const radioButton = document.getElementById(id);

    radioButton.addEventListener("click", () => {
      autocomplete.setTypes(types);
      input.value = "";
    });
  }

  setupClickListener("changetype-all", []);
  setupClickListener("changetype-address", ["address"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-establishment", ["establishment"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-geocode", ["geocode"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-cities", ["(cities)"]);
  setupClickListener("changetype-regions", ["(regions)"]);
  biasInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => {
    if (biasInputElement.checked) {
      autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);
    } else {
      // User wants to turn off location bias, so three things need to happen:
      // 1. Unbind from map
      // 2. Reset the bounds to whole world
      // 3. Uncheck the strict bounds checkbox UI (which also disables strict bounds)
      autocomplete.unbind("bounds");
      autocomplete.setBounds({ east: 180, west: -180, north: 90, south: -90 });
      strictBoundsInputElement.checked = biasInputElement.checked;
    }

    input.value = "";
  });
  strictBoundsInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => {
    autocomplete.setOptions({
      strictBounds: strictBoundsInputElement.checked,
    });
    if (strictBoundsInputElement.checked) {
      biasInputElement.checked = strictBoundsInputElement.checked;
      autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map);
    }

    input.value = "";
  });
}

CSS

/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div
       * element that contains the map. */
#map {
  height: 100%;
}

/* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */
html,
body {
  height: 100%;
  margin: 0;
  padding: 0;
}

#description {
  font-family: Roboto;
  font-size: 15px;
  font-weight: 300;
}

#infowindow-content .title {
  font-weight: bold;
}

#infowindow-content {
  display: none;
}

#map #infowindow-content {
  display: inline;
}

.pac-card {
  background-color: #fff;
  border: 0;
  border-radius: 2px;
  box-shadow: 0 1px 4px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3);
  margin: 10px;
  padding: 0 0.5em;
  font: 400 18px Roboto, Arial, sans-serif;
  overflow: hidden;
  font-family: Roboto;
  padding: 0;
}

#pac-container {
  padding-bottom: 12px;
  margin-right: 12px;
}

.pac-controls {
  display: inline-block;
  padding: 5px 11px;
}

.pac-controls label {
  font-family: Roboto;
  font-size: 13px;
  font-weight: 300;
}

#pac-input {
  background-color: #fff;
  font-family: Roboto;
  font-size: 15px;
  font-weight: 300;
  margin-left: 12px;
  padding: 0 11px 0 13px;
  text-overflow: ellipsis;
  width: 400px;
}

#pac-input:focus {
  border-color: #4d90fe;
}

#title {
  color: #fff;
  background-color: #4d90fe;
  font-size: 25px;
  font-weight: 500;
  padding: 6px 12px;
}

HTML

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <title>Place Autocomplete</title>
    <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script>
    <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="./style.css" />
    <script src="./index.js"></script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div class="pac-card" id="pac-card">
      <div>
        <div id="title">Autocomplete search</div>
        <div id="type-selector" class="pac-controls">
          <input
            type="radio"
            name="type"
            id="changetype-all"
            checked="checked"
          />
          <label for="changetype-all">All</label>

          <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-establishment" />
          <label for="changetype-establishment">establishment</label>

          <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-address" />
          <label for="changetype-address">address</label>

          <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-geocode" />
          <label for="changetype-geocode">geocode</label>

          <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-cities" />
          <label for="changetype-cities">(cities)</label>

          <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-regions" />
          <label for="changetype-regions">(regions)</label>
        </div>
        <br />
        <div id="strict-bounds-selector" class="pac-controls">
          <input type="checkbox" id="use-location-bias" value="" checked />
          <label for="use-location-bias">Bias to map viewport</label>

          <input type="checkbox" id="use-strict-bounds" value="" />
          <label for="use-strict-bounds">Strict bounds</label>
        </div>
      </div>
      <div id="pac-container">
        <input id="pac-input" type="text" placeholder="Enter a location" />
      </div>
    </div>
    <div id="map"></div>
    <div id="infowindow-content">
      <span id="place-name" class="title"></span><br />
      <span id="place-address"></span>
    </div>

    <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. -->
    <script
      src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=YOUR_API_KEY&callback=initMap&libraries=places&v=weekly"
      async
    ></script>
  </body>
</html>
// This example requires the Places library. Include the libraries=places // parameter when you first load the API. For example: // <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&libraries=places"> function initMap() { const map = new google.maps.Map(document.getElementById("map"), { center: { lat: 40.749933, lng: -73.98633 }, zoom: 13, mapTypeControl: false, }); const card = document.getElementById("pac-card"); const input = document.getElementById("pac-input"); const biasInputElement = document.getElementById("use-location-bias"); const strictBoundsInputElement = document.getElementById("use-strict-bounds"); const options = { fields: ["formatted_address", "geometry", "name"], strictBounds: false, types: ["establishment"], }; map.controls[google.maps.ControlPosition.TOP_LEFT].push(card); const autocomplete = new google.maps.places.Autocomplete(input, options); // Bind the map's bounds (viewport) property to the autocomplete object, // so that the autocomplete requests use the current map bounds for the // bounds option in the request. autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map); const infowindow = new google.maps.InfoWindow(); const infowindowContent = document.getElementById("infowindow-content"); infowindow.setContent(infowindowContent); const marker = new google.maps.Marker({ map, anchorPoint: new google.maps.Point(0, -29), }); autocomplete.addListener("place_changed", () => { infowindow.close(); marker.setVisible(false); const place = autocomplete.getPlace(); if (!place.geometry || !place.geometry.location) { // User entered the name of a Place that was not suggested and // pressed the Enter key, or the Place Details request failed. window.alert("No details available for input: '" + place.name + "'"); return; } // If the place has a geometry, then present it on a map. if (place.geometry.viewport) { map.fitBounds(place.geometry.viewport); } else { map.setCenter(place.geometry.location); map.setZoom(17); } marker.setPosition(place.geometry.location); marker.setVisible(true); infowindowContent.children["place-name"].textContent = place.name; infowindowContent.children["place-address"].textContent = place.formatted_address; infowindow.open(map, marker); }); // Sets a listener on a radio button to change the filter type on Places // Autocomplete. function setupClickListener(id, types) { const radioButton = document.getElementById(id); radioButton.addEventListener("click", () => { autocomplete.setTypes(types); input.value = ""; }); } setupClickListener("changetype-all", []); setupClickListener("changetype-address", ["address"]); setupClickListener("changetype-establishment", ["establishment"]); setupClickListener("changetype-geocode", ["geocode"]); setupClickListener("changetype-cities", ["(cities)"]); setupClickListener("changetype-regions", ["(regions)"]); biasInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => { if (biasInputElement.checked) { autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map); } else { // User wants to turn off location bias, so three things need to happen: // 1. Unbind from map // 2. Reset the bounds to whole world // 3. Uncheck the strict bounds checkbox UI (which also disables strict bounds) autocomplete.unbind("bounds"); autocomplete.setBounds({ east: 180, west: -180, north: 90, south: -90 }); strictBoundsInputElement.checked = biasInputElement.checked; } input.value = ""; }); strictBoundsInputElement.addEventListener("change", () => { autocomplete.setOptions({ strictBounds: strictBoundsInputElement.checked, }); if (strictBoundsInputElement.checked) { biasInputElement.checked = strictBoundsInputElement.checked; autocomplete.bindTo("bounds", map); } input.value = ""; }); }
/* Always set the map height explicitly to define the size of the div * element that contains the map. */ #map { height: 100%; } /* Optional: Makes the sample page fill the window. */ html, body { height: 100%; margin: 0; padding: 0; } #description { font-family: Roboto; font-size: 15px; font-weight: 300; } #infowindow-content .title { font-weight: bold; } #infowindow-content { display: none; } #map #infowindow-content { display: inline; } .pac-card { background-color: #fff; border: 0; border-radius: 2px; box-shadow: 0 1px 4px -1px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.3); margin: 10px; padding: 0 0.5em; font: 400 18px Roboto, Arial, sans-serif; overflow: hidden; font-family: Roboto; padding: 0; } #pac-container { padding-bottom: 12px; margin-right: 12px; } .pac-controls { display: inline-block; padding: 5px 11px; } .pac-controls label { font-family: Roboto; font-size: 13px; font-weight: 300; } #pac-input { background-color: #fff; font-family: Roboto; font-size: 15px; font-weight: 300; margin-left: 12px; padding: 0 11px 0 13px; text-overflow: ellipsis; width: 400px; } #pac-input:focus { border-color: #4d90fe; } #title { color: #fff; background-color: #4d90fe; font-size: 25px; font-weight: 500; padding: 6px 12px; }
<!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Place Autocomplete</title> <script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=default"></script> <!-- jsFiddle will insert css and js --> </head> <body> <div class="pac-card" id="pac-card"> <div> <div id="title">Autocomplete search</div> <div id="type-selector" class="pac-controls"> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-all" checked="checked" /> <label for="changetype-all">All</label> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-establishment" /> <label for="changetype-establishment">establishment</label> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-address" /> <label for="changetype-address">address</label> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-geocode" /> <label for="changetype-geocode">geocode</label> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-cities" /> <label for="changetype-cities">(cities)</label> <input type="radio" name="type" id="changetype-regions" /> <label for="changetype-regions">(regions)</label> </div> <br /> <div id="strict-bounds-selector" class="pac-controls"> <input type="checkbox" id="use-location-bias" value="" checked /> <label for="use-location-bias">Bias to map viewport</label> <input type="checkbox" id="use-strict-bounds" value="" /> <label for="use-strict-bounds">Strict bounds</label> </div> </div> <div id="pac-container"> <input id="pac-input" type="text" placeholder="Enter a location" /> </div> </div> <div id="map"></div> <div id="infowindow-content"> <span id="place-name" class="title"></span><br /> <span id="place-address"></span> </div> <!-- Async script executes immediately and must be after any DOM elements used in callback. --> <script src="https://maps.googleapis.com/maps/api/js?key=AIzaSyB41DRUbKWJHPxaFjMAwdrzWzbVKartNGg&callback=initMap&libraries=places&v=weekly&channel=2" async ></script> </body> </html>

Try Sample

Clone Sample

Git and Node.js are required to run this sample locally. Follow these instructions to install Node.js and NPM. The following commands clone, install dependencies and start the sample application.

  git clone -b sample-places-autocomplete https://github.com/googlemaps/js-samples.git
  cd js-samples
  npm i
  npm start

Other samples can be tried by switching to any branch beginning with sample-SAMPLE_NAME.

  git checkout sample-SAMPLE_NAME
  npm i
  npm start