Bibliotecas cliente

Nuestras bibliotecas cliente proporcionan vistas de alto nivel y componentes básicos de la funcionalidad de la API de Google Ads, lo que facilita el desarrollo rápido de aplicaciones. Te recomendamos comenzar con una si es la primera vez que usas la API.

Biblioteca cliente Fuente Distribución Ejemplos de código
Java google-ads-java Maven, tar.gz Ver en GitHub
.NET google-ads-dotnet nuget, tar.gz, zip Ver en GitHub
PHP google-ads-php tar.gz Ver en GitHub
Python google-ads-python tar.gz, zip Ver en GitHub
Ruby google-ads-ruby gema, tar.gz, zip Ver en GitHub
Perl google-ads-perl tar.gz, zip Ver en GitHub

Versiones de API compatibles

En la tabla, se muestra qué bibliotecas cliente funcionan con las distintas versiones de la API.

Java

Biblioteca cliente para Java
v16 Min: 30.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 28.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 26.0.0
Max: -

C#

Biblioteca cliente para .NET
v16 Min: 18.1.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 17.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 16.1.0
Max: -

PHP

Biblioteca cliente para PHP
v15 Min: 21.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 19.2.0
Max: -

Python

Biblioteca cliente para Python
v15 Min: 22.1.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 21.2.0
Max: -

Rita

Biblioteca cliente para Ruby
v15 Min: 25.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 23.0.0
Max: -

Perl

Biblioteca cliente para Perl
v16 Min: 21.0.0
Max: -
v15 Min: 19.0.0
Max: -
v14 Min: 17.0.0
Max: -

Configuración

Cada biblioteca cliente de la API de Ads proporciona diferentes parámetros de configuración y métodos de carga que puedes usar para personalizar su comportamiento.

Estas son las variables de entorno que son comunes a todas las bibliotecas cliente y que se pueden cargar para establecer los parámetros de configuración:

  • Biblioteca cliente
    • GOOGLE_ADS_CONFIGURATION_FILE_PATH: Ruta de acceso al archivo de configuración.
  • OAuth2
    • Modo de aplicación
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID : Establece este valor como tu ID de cliente de OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_SECRET : Establece este valor como tu secreto del cliente de OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_REFRESH_TOKEN : Establece este valor en un token de actualización de OAuth2 generado con anterioridad si deseas reutilizar tokens de OAuth2. Este parámetro de configuración es opcional.
    • Modo de cuenta de servicio
      • GOOGLE_ADS_JSON_KEY_FILE_PATH : Establece este valor en la ruta del archivo de configuración JSON de OAuth2.
      • GOOGLE_ADS_IMPERSONATED_EMAIL : Establece este valor como la dirección de correo electrónico de la cuenta que quieres usar.
  • API de Google Ads
    • GOOGLE_ADS_DEVELOPER_TOKEN : Establece esto como tu token de desarrollador.
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LOGIN_CUSTOMER_ID : Este es el ID de cliente del cliente autorizado para usar en la solicitud, sin guiones (-).
    • GOOGLE_ADS_LINKED_CUSTOMER_ID : Este encabezado solo es necesario para los métodos que actualizan los recursos de una entidad cuando se otorga permiso a través de cuentas vinculadas en la IU de Google Ads (recurso AccountLink en la API de Google Ads). Establece este valor en el ID de cliente del proveedor de datos que actualiza los recursos del ID de cliente especificado. Se debe configurar sin guiones (-). Para obtener más información sobre las cuentas vinculadas, visita el Centro de ayuda.

Por lo general, las variables de entorno se definen en un archivo de configuración Bash, como un archivo .bashrc o .bash_profile ubicado en el directorio $HOME. También se pueden definir con la línea de comandos.

Estos son algunos pasos básicos para definir una variable de entorno mediante un archivo .bashrc con una terminal:

# Append the line "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" to
# the bottom of your .bashrc file.
echo "export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890" >> ~/.bashrc

# Update your bash environment to use the most recently updated
# version of your .bashrc file.
src ~/.bashrc

Las variables de entorno también se pueden configurar en tu instancia de terminal directamente desde la línea de comandos:

export GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890

Otra alternativa es establecer variables de entorno cuando llamas al comando que las usa:

GOOGLE_ADS_CLIENT_ID=1234567890 php /path/to/script/that/uses/envvar.php

Paginación de búsqueda

Por lo general, GoogleAdsService.Search se usa en apps interactivas que muestran páginas de resultados.

Nuestra biblioteca cliente implementa la paginación automáticamente cuando iteras los resultados para que puedas descargarlos y procesarlos todos a la vez de forma secuencial, por ejemplo:

Java

private void runExample(GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient, long customerId) {
  try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
      googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
    String query = "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id";
    // Constructs the SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.
    SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setQuery(query)
            .build();

    // Creates and issues a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
    ServerStream<SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse> stream =
        googleAdsServiceClient.searchStreamCallable().call(request);

    // Iterates through and prints all of the results in the stream response.
    for (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse response : stream) {
      for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getResultsList()) {
        System.out.printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%n",
            googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
      }
    }
  }
}
      

C#

public void Run(GoogleAdsClient client, long customerId)
{
    // Get the GoogleAdsService.
    GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService = client.GetService(
        Services.V16.GoogleAdsService);

    // Create a query that will retrieve all campaigns.
    string query = @"SELECT
                    campaign.id,
                    campaign.name,
                    campaign.network_settings.target_content_network
                FROM campaign
                ORDER BY campaign.id";

    try
    {
        // Issue a search request.
        googleAdsService.SearchStream(customerId.ToString(), query,
            delegate (SearchGoogleAdsStreamResponse resp)
            {
                foreach (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow in resp.Results)
                {
                    Console.WriteLine("Campaign with ID {0} and name '{1}' was found.",
                        googleAdsRow.Campaign.Id, googleAdsRow.Campaign.Name);
                }
            }
        );
    }
    catch (GoogleAdsException e)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Failure:");
        Console.WriteLine($"Message: {e.Message}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Failure: {e.Failure}");
        Console.WriteLine($"Request ID: {e.RequestId}");
        throw;
    }
}
      

PHP

public static function runExample(GoogleAdsClient $googleAdsClient, int $customerId)
{
    $googleAdsServiceClient = $googleAdsClient->getGoogleAdsServiceClient();
    // Creates a query that retrieves all campaigns.
    $query = 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id';
    // Issues a search stream request.
    /** @var GoogleAdsServerStreamDecorator $stream */
    $stream = $googleAdsServiceClient->searchStream(
        SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest::build($customerId, $query)
    );

    // Iterates over all rows in all messages and prints the requested field values for
    // the campaign in each row.
    foreach ($stream->iterateAllElements() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def main(client, customer_id):
    ga_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")

    query = """
        SELECT
          campaign.id,
          campaign.name
        FROM campaign
        ORDER BY campaign.id"""

    # Issues a search request using streaming.
    stream = ga_service.search_stream(customer_id=customer_id, query=query)

    for batch in stream:
        for row in batch.results:
            print(
                f"Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
                f'"{row.campaign.name}" was found.'
            )
      

Rita

def get_campaigns(customer_id)
  # GoogleAdsClient will read a config file from
  # ENV['HOME']/google_ads_config.rb when called without parameters
  client = Google::Ads::GoogleAds::GoogleAdsClient.new

  responses = client.service.google_ads.search_stream(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    query: 'SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id',
  )

  responses.each do |response|
    response.results.each do |row|
      puts "Campaign with ID #{row.campaign.id} and name '#{row.campaign.name}' was found."
    end
  end
end
      

Perl

sub get_campaigns {
  my ($api_client, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a search Google Ads stream request that will retrieve all campaigns.
  my $search_stream_request =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V16::Services::GoogleAdsService::SearchGoogleAdsStreamRequest
    ->new({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      query      =>
        "SELECT campaign.id, campaign.name FROM campaign ORDER BY campaign.id"
    });

  # Get the GoogleAdsService.
  my $google_ads_service = $api_client->GoogleAdsService();

  my $search_stream_handler =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::Utils::SearchStreamHandler->new({
      service => $google_ads_service,
      request => $search_stream_request
    });

  # Issue a search request and process the stream response to print the requested
  # field values for the campaign in each row.
  $search_stream_handler->process_contents(
    sub {
      my $google_ads_row = shift;
      printf "Campaign with ID %d and name '%s' was found.\n",
        $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id}, $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
    });

  return 1;
}
      

Según el caso de uso, es posible que debas hacer lo siguiente:

  • Optimiza la cantidad de páginas que se recuperan.
  • Optimiza la cantidad de resultados que se almacenan al mismo tiempo.
  • Descarga y procesa páginas de resultados en un orden específico.

Para ello, se almacenan los tokens de la página en lugar de los resultados, lo que agrega más complejidad a tu código.

Java

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param googleAdsClient the Google Ads API client.
 * @param customerId the client customer ID.
 * @param query the search query.
 * @param pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
 * @param pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update.
 */
private static void fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsClient googleAdsClient,
    long customerId,
    String query,
    int pageNumber,
    SortedMap<Integer, String> pageTokens) {
  int currentPageNumber;
  // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (pageTokens.containsKey(pageNumber)) {
    System.out.println(
        "The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.");
    currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
  } else {
    System.out.printf(
        "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page we know"
            + " the token for (page %d) and sequentially get pages from there.%n",
        pageTokens.size());
    currentPageNumber = pageTokens.lastKey();
  }

  // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
  // are returned.
  while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber) {
    // Fetches the next page.
    System.out.printf("Fetching page %d...%n", currentPageNumber);
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request =
        SearchGoogleAdsRequest.newBuilder()
            .setCustomerId(Long.toString(customerId))
            .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
            .setQuery(query)
            .setReturnTotalResultsCount(true)
            // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
            .setPageToken(pageTokens.get(currentPageNumber))
            .build();
    try (GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsServiceClient =
        googleAdsClient.getLatestVersion().createGoogleAdsServiceClient()) {
      SearchPagedResponse response = googleAdsServiceClient.search(request);
      cacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response.getPage(), currentPageNumber + 1);

      // Prints only the results for the requested page.
      if (currentPageNumber == pageNumber) {
        // Prints the results of the requested page.
        System.out.printf("Printing results found for page %d:%n", pageNumber);
        for (GoogleAdsRow googleAdsRow : response.getPage().getResponse().getResultsList()) {
          System.out.printf(
              "- Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%n",
              googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getId(), googleAdsRow.getCampaign().getName());
        }
      }

      currentPageNumber++;
    }
  }
}
      

C#

/// <summary>
/// Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
/// </summary>
/// <param name="googleAdsService">The Google Ads API Service client.</param>
/// <param name="request">The request.</param>
/// <param name="pageNumber">The number of the page to fetch and print results for.</param>
/// <param name="pageTokens">The cache of page tokens to use and update.</param>
/// <returns></returns>
private static void FetchAndPrintPageResults(GoogleAdsServiceClient googleAdsService,
    SearchGoogleAdsRequest request, int pageNumber, Dictionary<int, string> pageTokens)
{
    int currentPageNumber = pageNumber;

    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (pageTokens.ContainsKey(pageNumber - 1))
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it " +
            "to get the results.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
    }
    else
    {
        Console.WriteLine("The token of the requested page was never cached, we will " +
            $"use the closest page we know the token for (page #{pageNumber}) and " +
            $"sequentially get pages from there.");
        currentPageNumber = pageNumber;
        while (!pageTokens.ContainsKey(currentPageNumber))
        {
            currentPageNumber--;
        }
    }

    SearchGoogleAdsResponse response = null;
    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page
    // results are returned.
    while (currentPageNumber <= pageNumber)
    {
        // Fetches the next page.
        Console.WriteLine($"Fetching page #{currentPageNumber}...");
        request.PageToken = pageTokens[currentPageNumber - 1];
        response = googleAdsService.Search(request)
            .AsRawResponses().First();
        CacheNextPageToken(pageTokens, response, currentPageNumber);
        currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    Console.WriteLine($"Printing results found for the page #{pageNumber}");
    foreach (GoogleAdsRow row in response.Results)
    {
        Campaign c = row.Campaign;
        Console.WriteLine($" - Campaign with ID {c.Id} and name '{c.Name}'");
    }
}

      

PHP

/**
 * Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
 *
 * @param GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient the Google Ads API Service client
 * @param int $customerId the customer ID
 * @param string $searchQuery the search query
 * @param array $searchOptions the search options
 * @param int $pageNumber the number of the page to fetch and print results for
 * @param array &$pageTokens the cache of page tokens to use and update
 */
private static function fetchAndPrintPageResults(
    GoogleAdsServiceClient $googleAdsServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $searchQuery,
    array $searchOptions,
    int $pageNumber,
    array &$pageTokens
) {
    // There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if (isset($pageTokens[$pageNumber])) {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was cached, we will use it to get the results.%s',
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = $pageNumber;
    } else {
        printf(
            'The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use the closest page ' .
            'we know the token for (page #%d) and sequentially get pages from there.%s',
            count($pageTokens),
            PHP_EOL
        );
        $currentPageNumber = count($pageTokens);
    }

    // Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested page results
    // are returned.
    while ($currentPageNumber <= $pageNumber) {
        // Fetches the next page.
        printf('Fetching page #%d...%s', $currentPageNumber, PHP_EOL);
        $response = $googleAdsServiceClient->search(
            (new SearchGoogleAdsRequest(
                $searchOptions + [
                    // Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
                    'page_token' => $pageTokens[$currentPageNumber]
                ]
            ))->setCustomerId($customerId)->setQuery($searchQuery)
        );
        self::cacheNextPageToken($pageTokens, $response->getPage(), $currentPageNumber);
        $currentPageNumber++;
    }

    // Prints the results of the requested page.
    printf('Printing results found for the page #%d:%s', $pageNumber, PHP_EOL);
    foreach ($response->getPage()->getIterator() as $googleAdsRow) {
        /** @var GoogleAdsRow $googleAdsRow */
        printf(
            " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.%s",
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getId(),
            $googleAdsRow->getCampaign()->getName(),
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def fetch_and_print_results(
    client, customer_id, query, page_number, page_tokens
):
    """Fetches and prints the results of a page using a cache of page tokens.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        customer_id: a client customer ID.
        query: the search query.
        page_number: the number of the page to fetch and print results for.
        page_tokens: the cache of page tokens to use and update.
    """
    current_page_number = None
    # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
    if page_tokens.get(page_number, None):
        print(
            "The token of the request page was cached, we will use it to get "
            "the results."
        )
        current_page_number = page_number
    else:
        count = len(page_tokens.keys())
        print(
            "The token of the requested page was never cached, we will use "
            f"the closest page we know the token for (page {count}) and "
            "sequentially get pages from there."
        )
        current_page_number = count

    googleads_service = client.get_service("GoogleAdsService")
    # Fetches next pages in sequence and caches their tokens until the requested
    # page results are returned.
    while current_page_number <= page_number:
        # Fetches the next page.
        print(f"Fetching page {current_page_number}...")
        request = client.get_type("SearchGoogleAdsRequest")
        request.customer_id = customer_id
        request.query = query
        request.page_size = _PAGE_SIZE
        request.return_total_results_count = True
        # Uses the page token cached for the current page number.
        request.page_token = page_tokens[current_page_number]

        response = googleads_service.search(request=request)
        cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response, current_page_number)
        current_page_number += 1

    # Prints the results of the requested page.
    print(f"Printing results found for the page {page_number}.")
    for row in response.results:
        print(
            f" - Campaign with ID {row.campaign.id} and name "
            f"{row.campaign.name}."
        )
      

Rita

def fetch_and_print_page_results(client, customer_id, query, page_size,
                                 return_total_results_count, page_number, page_tokens)
  if page_tokens.has_key?(page_number)
    puts 'The page token for the request page was cached. Reusing it.'
    current_page = page_number
  else
    puts "The token for the requested page has not been cached yet. We will start " \
      "at page #{page_tokens.size} and request and cache pages until we find it."
    current_page = page_tokens.size
  end

  while current_page <= page_number
    puts page_tokens
    response = client.service.google_ads.search(
      customer_id: customer_id,
      query: query,
      page_size: page_size,
      return_total_results_count: return_total_results_count,
      page_token: page_tokens[current_page],
    )
    cache_next_page_token(page_tokens, response.page, current_page + 1)
    current_page += 1
  end

  puts "Printing results found for page #{page_number}."
  response.page.response.results.each do |result|
    puts "- Campaign with ID #{result.campaign.id} and name #{result.campaign.name}."
  end
end
      

Perl

# Fetches and prints the results of a page of a search using a cache of page tokens.
sub fetch_and_print_page_results {
  my (
    $api_client,     $customer_id, $query,
    $search_options, $page_number, $page_tokens
  ) = @_;

  my $current_page_number = undef;
  # There is no need to fetch the pages we already know the page tokens for.
  if (exists $page_tokens->{$page_number}) {
    print "The token of the requested page was cached, " .
      "we will use it to get the results.\n";
    $current_page_number = $page_number;
  } else {
    printf "The token of the requested page was never cached, " .
      "we will use the closest page we know the token for (page #%d) " .
      "and sequentially get pages from there.\n", scalar keys %$page_tokens;
    $current_page_number = scalar keys %$page_tokens;
  }

  # Fetch next pages in sequence and cache their tokens until the requested page
  # results are returned.
  my $response = undef;
  while ($current_page_number <= $page_number) {
    # Fetch the next page.
    printf "Fetching page #%d...\n", $current_page_number;
    $response = $api_client->GoogleAdsService()->search({
        customerId => $customer_id,
        query      => $query,
        %$search_options,
        # Use the page token cached for the current page number.
        pageToken => $page_tokens->{$current_page_number}});
    cache_next_page_token($page_tokens, $response, $current_page_number);
    $current_page_number++;
  }

  # Print the results of the requested page.
  printf "Printing results found for the page #%d:\n", $page_number;
  foreach my $google_ads_row (@{$response->{results}}) {
    printf
      " - Campaign with ID %d and name '%s'.\n",
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{id},
      $google_ads_row->{campaign}{name};
  }
}
      

Ejemplos de código

Consulta nuestros ejemplos de código de algunas funciones comunes en la API de Google Ads.