教學影片 (LearningResourceVideoObjectClip) 結構化資料

教學影片複合式搜尋結果範例

Google 搜尋是學生和教師探索和觀看教育影片的絕佳入口。當您使用結構化資料明確提供專屬於教學的資訊時 (例如影片中提及的教育程度和概念與技能),Google 就能進一步瞭解影片內容,並提供更優質的體驗,協助學生找到適合的內容。

教學影片結構化資料也可能啟用教學影片的資訊方塊,如教育程度和影片類型 (例如總覽或解決方案影片)。

資訊方塊如何在使用者輕觸教學影片前顯示在影片下方 資訊方塊如何在使用者輕觸教學影片後顯示在影片上方

功能適用情況

凡是提供 Google 搜尋服務的地區,都能以英文顯示教學影片複合式搜尋結果。不過,只有透過電腦和行動裝置搜尋學術教學內容時,才能使用這項功能。

範例

單一教學影片

以下是單一教學影片的範例。


<html>
  <head>
    <title>Learning video markup example</title>
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "https://schema.org",
      "@type": ["VideoObject", "LearningResource"],
      "name": "An introduction to Genetics",
      "description": "Explanation of the basics of Genetics for beginners.",
      "learningResourceType": "Concept Overview",
      "educationalLevel": "High school (US)",
      "contentUrl": "https://www.example.com/video/123/file.mp4",
      "thumbnailUrl": [
        "https://example.com/photos/1x1/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/4x3/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/16x9/photo.jpg"
      ],
      "uploadDate": "2024-03-31T08:00:00+08:00"
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

含有多段短片的教學影片

以下範例是含有三個短片的學習影片:兩個短片用於逐步說明問題,一個短片是概念總覽。


<html>
  <head>
    <title>Learning video and clips markup example</title>
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "https://schema.org",
      "@type": ["VideoObject", "LearningResource"],
      "name": "An introduction to XYZ",
      "description": "Solving equations using exponent properties",
      "educationalLevel": "High school (US)",
      "educationalAlignment": {
        "@type": "AlignmentObject",
        "educationalFramework": "Common Core",
        "targetName": "HSA-SSE.B.3",
        "targetUrl": "https://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/HSA/SSE/#CCSS.Math.Content.HSA.SSE.B.3"
      },
      "contentUrl": "https://www.example.com/video/123/file.mp4",
      "thumbnailUrl": [
        "https://example.com/photos/1x1/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/4x3/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/16x9/photo.jpg"
      ],
      "hasPart": [{
        "@type": ["Clip", "LearningResource"],
        "learningResourceType": "Concept Overview",
        "name": "Understanding exponents",
        "startOffset": 40,
        "endOffset": 120,
        "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=501"
      },{
        "@type": ["Clip", "LearningResource"],
        "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
        "name": "Example problem 1: suspended wires",
        "text": "Consider a weight suspended from two wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in each wire.",
        "startOffset": 150,
        "endOffset": 225,
        "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=30"
      },{
        "@type": ["Clip", "LearningResource"],
        "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
        "name": "Example problem 2: exponents",
        "text": "Consider a weight suspended from five wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in one wire.",
        "startOffset": 275,
        "endOffset": 500,
        "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=201"
      }],
      "uploadDate": "2024-03-31T08:00:00+08:00"
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

問題逐步操作說明影片

以下範例顯示必須新增到教學影片標記的所有屬性,讓標記成為有效的問題逐步操作說明影片。


<html>
  <head>
    <title>Problem Walkthrough Learning Video example</title>
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "https://schema.org",
      "@type": ["VideoObject", "LearningResource"],
      "name": "Mechanics problem for Grade 10",
      "description": "Video walks through solution for problems in mechanics.",
      "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
      "text": "Three balls have a mass of 2kg, 4kg and 6kg each. Find the relative velocity after collision.",
      "contentUrl": "https://www.example.com/video/123/file.mp4",
      "thumbnailUrl": [
        "https://example.com/photos/1x1/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/4x3/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/16x9/photo.jpg"
      ],
      "uploadDate": "2024-03-31T08:00:00+08:00"
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

多部問題逐步操作說明短片

以下網頁範例包含多部問題逐步操作說明短片。這個範例顯示了必須加進影片和短片層級的「教學影片」標記的所有屬性,讓標記成為有效的「問題逐步操作說明」短片標記。


<html>
  <head>
    <title>Problem Walkthrough in clips in Learning Videos markup</title>
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "https://schema.org",
      "@type": ["VideoObject", "LearningResource"],
      "name": "An introduction to XYZ",
      "description": "Solving equations using exponent properties",
      "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
      "contentUrl": "https://www.example.com/video/123/file.mp4",
      "text": "Three balls have a mass of 2kg, 4kg and 6kg each. Find the relative velocity after collision.",
      "thumbnailUrl": [
        "https://example.com/photos/1x1/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/4x3/photo.jpg",
        "https://example.com/photos/16x9/photo.jpg"
      ],
      "hasPart": [{
        "@type": ["Clip", "LearningResource"],
        "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
        "name": "Example problem 1: suspended wires",
        "text": "Consider a weight suspended from two wires. Find the tension in each wire.",
        "startOffset": 150,
        "endOffset": 225,
        "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=150"
      },{
        "@type": ["Clip", "LearningResource"],
        "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
        "name": "Example problem 2: exponents",
        "text": "Consider a weight suspended from five wires. Find the tension in one wire.",
        "startOffset": 275,
        "endOffset": 500,
        "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=275"
      }],
      "uploadDate": "2024-03-31T08:00:00+08:00"
    }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

如何添加结构化数据

结构化数据是一种提供网页相关信息并对网页内容进行分类的标准化格式。如果您不熟悉结构化数据,可以详细了解结构化数据的运作方式

下面概述了如何构建、测试和发布结构化数据。如需获得向网页添加结构化数据的分步指南,请查看结构化数据 Codelab

  1. 添加必要属性。根据您使用的格式,了解在网页上的什么位置插入结构化数据
  2. 遵循指南
  3. 使用富媒体搜索结果测试验证您的代码,并修复所有严重错误。此外,您还可以考虑修正该工具中可能会标记的任何非严重问题,因为这些这样有助于提升结构化数据的质量(不过,要使内容能够显示为富媒体搜索结果,并非必须这么做)。
  4. 部署一些包含您的结构化数据的网页,然后使用网址检查工具测试 Google 看到的网页样貌。请确保您的网页可供 Google 访问,不会因 robots.txt 文件、noindex 标记或登录要求而被屏蔽。如果网页看起来没有问题,您可以请求 Google 重新抓取您的网址
  5. 为了让 Google 随时了解日后发生的更改,我们建议您提交站点地图Search Console Sitemap API 可以帮助您自动执行此操作。

指南規範

您必須遵守以下指南規範,才能讓網頁顯示教學影片複合式搜尋結果:

技術指南

  • 除了教學影片標記之外,您還必須新增 VideoObject 必要屬性和建議屬性
  • 影片必須公開,讓使用者不需訂閱即可觀看。
  • 影片總長度必須至少為 30 秒。
  • 教學影片標記必須新增到使用者可以觀看影片的網頁中。如果將使用者導向無法觀看影片的網頁,會導致使用者體驗不佳。

結構化資料類型定義

VideoObjectLearningResource 的完整定義可以在 schema.org VideoObjectLearningResource 上取得。

您的內容必須包含必要的屬性,才能以教學影片複合式搜尋結果的形式呈現。您也可以加入建議的屬性,為內容增添更多相關資訊,提供更優質的使用者體驗。

教學影片 [VideoObject, LearningResource]

教學影片標記的目的在於提高影片教育內容的能見度。標記可以包含影片所教導的各種概念和技巧資訊。

針對教學影片使用 [VideoObject, LearningResource] 類型。 除了 VideoObject 必要屬性和建議屬性之外,請為教學影片新增下列屬性。

必要屬性
educationalAlignment

AlignmentObject

與內容相關的官方標準代碼、課程或測驗。只有在內容符合特定標準或測驗時,才需要使用這個屬性。如果不符合的話,請使用 educationalLevel 屬性。如果使用 educationalAlignment 屬性,請加入下列屬性 (如適用):

雖然您可以提供多個 educationalAlignment 值,但並不保證所有這些值都會用於學習影片功能。如果您提供多個值,但該功能只能使用一個 educationalAlignment 值,則系統會使用您提供的第一個值。

例如:

"educationalAlignment":
            {
              "@type": "AlignmentObject",
              "educationalFramework": "Common Core",
              "targetName": "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.SP.B.4",
              "targetUrl": "https://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/7/SP/B/4/"
            }
"educationalAlignment":
            {
              "@type": "AlignmentObject",
              "educationalFramework": "NCERT",
              "targetUrl": "https://ncert.nic.in/"
            }
educationalLevel

Text

影片的目標教育程度。將目標教育程度設為國家/地區專屬或一般值。

國家/地區專屬值:

每個國家/地區都有自身專屬的學術系統。根據影片適用的國家/地區,將 educationalLevel 設為其中一個支援的學術等級值。

Country Supported values
Algeria
  • Lower Secondary School (DZ)
  • Grade 8 (DZ)
  • Grade 9 (DZ)
  • Upper Secondary School (DZ)
  • Grade 10 (DZ)
  • Grade 11 (DZ)
  • Grade 12 (DZ)
  • Higher Education (DZ)
Argentina
  • Secondary (AR)
  • 8th Grade (AR)
  • 9th Grade (AR)
  • 10th Grade (AR)
  • 11th Grade (AR)
  • 12th Grade (AR)
  • Higher Education (AR)
Australia
  • Secondary School (AU)
  • Year 8 (AU)
  • Year 9 (AU)
  • Year 10 (AU)
  • Senior Secondary School (AU)
  • Year 11 (AU)
  • Year 12 (AU)
  • University (AU)
Austria
  • Upper Secondary Level (AT)
  • 9th Grade (AT)
  • 10th Grade (AT)
  • 11th Grade (AT)
  • 12th Grade (AT)
  • Tertiary Level (AT)
Azerbaijan
  • General Secondary Education (AZ)
  • 8th Grade (AZ)
  • 9th Grade (AZ)
  • Full Secondary Education (AZ)
  • 10th Grade (AZ)
  • 11th Grade (AZ)
  • Higher Education (AZ)
Bahrain
  • Intermediate Stage (BH)
  • Grade 8 (BH)
  • Grade 9 (BH)
  • Secondary Stage (BH)
  • Grade 10 (BH)
  • Grade 11 (BH)
  • Grade 12 (BH)
  • Higher Education (BH)
Bangladesh
  • Junior Secondary Education (BD)
  • Grade VIII (BD)
  • Secondary Education (BD)
  • Grade IX (BD)
  • Grade X (BD)
  • Higher Secondary Education (BD)
  • Grade XI (BD)
  • Grade XII (BD)
  • Tertiary Education (BD)
Belarus
  • Compulsory Basic Education (BY)
  • Grade 8 (BY)
  • Grade 9 (BY)
  • General Upper Secondary Education (BY)
  • Grade 10 (BY)
  • Grade 11 (BY)
  • Grade 12 (BY)
  • Higher Education (BY)
Belgium
  • Secondary Education (BE)
  • 2nd Secondary (BE)
  • 3rd Secondary (BE)
  • 4th Secondary (BE)
  • 5th Secondary (BE)
  • 6th Secondary (BE)
  • Higher Education (BE)
Bolivia
  • Lower Secondary Education (BO)
  • 8th Grade (BO)
  • Upper Secondary Education (BO)
  • 9th Grade (BO)
  • 10th Grade (BO)
  • 11th Grade (BO)
  • 12th Grade (BO)
  • Higher Education (BO)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • Primary Education (BA)
  • Grade 8 (BA)
  • Grade 9 (BA)
  • Secondary Education (BA)
  • Grade 10 (BA)
  • Grade 11 (BA)
  • Grade 12 (BA)
  • Grade 13 (BA)
  • Tertiary Education (BA)
Brazil
  • Elementary School (BR)
  • 8th Grade (BR)
  • High School (BR)
  • 1st grade (High School) (BR)
  • 2nd grade (High School) (BR)
  • 3rd grade (High School) (BR)
  • Higher Education (BR)
Bulgaria
  • Secondary Education (BG)
  • 10th Grade (BG)
  • 11th Grade (BG)
  • 12th Grade (BG)
  • Higher Education (BG)
Canada
  • Intermediate Education (CA)
  • Grade 8 (CA)
  • Grade 9 (CA)
  • Secondary Education (CA)
  • Grade 10 (CA)
  • Grade 11 (CA)
  • Grade 12 (CA)
  • Tertiary Education (CA)
Chile
  • Secondary Education (CL)
  • 9th Grade (CL)
  • 10th Grade (CL)
  • 11th Grade (CL)
  • 12th Grade (CL)
  • Higher Education (CL)
Colombia
  • Basic Secondary (CO)
  • 9th Grade (CO)
  • High School Education (CO)
  • 10th Grade (CO)
  • 11th Grade (CO)
  • Tertiary (CO)
Costa Rica
  • Secondary Education (CR)
  • Eighth Grade (CR)
  • Ninth Grade (CR)
  • Tenth Grade (CR)
  • Eleventh Grade (CR)
  • Twelfth Grade (CR)
  • Higher Education (CR)
Croatia
  • Secondary education (HR)
  • 10th Grade (HR)
  • 11th Grade (HR)
  • 12th Grade (HR)
  • Higher Education (HR)
Cyprus
  • Secondary Education (CY)
  • Grade 9 (CY)
  • Grade 10 (CY)
  • Grade 11 (CY)
  • Grade 12 (CY)
  • Higher Education (CY)
Czechia
  • Upper Secondary Education (CZ)
  • Grade 10 (CZ)
  • Grade 11 (CZ)
  • Grade 12 (CZ)
  • Higher Education (CZ)
Denmark
  • Secondary Education (DK)
  • 10th Grade (DK)
  • Upper Secondary Education (DK)
  • 11th Grade (DK)
  • 12th Grade (DK)
  • Higher Education (DK)
Dominican Republic
  • Primary School (DO)
  • Grade 8 (DO)
  • Secondary School (DO)
  • Grade 1 (Secondary School) (DO)
  • Grade 2 (Secondary School) (DO)
  • Grade 3 (Secondary School) (DO)
  • Grade 4 (Secondary School) (DO)
  • Higher Education (DO)
  • Doctorate (DO)
Ecuador
  • Secondary (EC)
  • Eighth Grade (EC)
  • Ninth Grade (EC)
  • Tenth Grade (EC)
  • Eleventh Grade (EC)
  • Twelfth Grade (EC)
  • Tertiary Education (EC)
Egypt
  • Preparatory Stage (EG)
  • Grade 8 (EG)
  • Grade 9 (EG)
  • Secondary Education (EG)
  • Grade 10 (EG)
  • Grade 11 (EG)
  • Grade 12 (EG)
  • Higher Education (EG)
El Salvador
  • 3rd Cycle (SV)
  • 7th Grade (SV)
  • 8th Grade (SV)
  • 9th Grade (SV)
  • Middle Education (SV)
  • 10th Grade (SV)
  • 11th Grade (SV)
  • Higher Education (SV)
England
  • Key Stage 3 (GB-ENG)
  • Year 9 (GB-ENG)
  • Key Stage 4 (GB-ENG)
  • Year 10 (GB-ENG)
  • Year 11 (GB-ENG)
  • Key Stage 5 (GB-ENG)
  • Year 12 (GB-ENG)
  • Year 13 (GB-ENG)
  • Higher Education (GB-ENG)
Estonia
  • Basic Education (EE)
  • 7th Grade (EE)
  • 8th Grade (EE)
  • 9th Grade (EE)
  • Secondary Education (EE)
  • 10th Grade (EE)
  • 11th Grade (EE)
  • 12th Grade (EE)
  • Higher Education (EE)
Finland
  • Basic Education (FI)
  • 7th Grade (FI)
  • 8th Grade (FI)
  • 9th Grade (FI)
  • Upper Secondary Education (FI)
  • 10th Grade (FI)
  • 11th Grade (FI)
  • 12th Grade (FI)
  • Higher Education (FI)
France
  • Lycée (FR)
  • Seconde (FR)
  • Première (FR)
  • Terminale (FR)
Georgia
  • Basic Education (GE)
  • Grade 8 (GE)
  • Grade 9 (GE)
  • Secondary Education (GE)
  • Grade 10 (GE)
  • Grade 11 (GE)
  • Grade 12 (GE)
  • Tertiary Education (GE)
Germany
  • Gymnasium (DE)
  • 11th Grade (Gymnasium) (DE)
  • 12th Grade (Gymnasium) (DE)
  • 13th Grade (Gymnasium) (DE)
  • University (DE)
Ghana
  • Junior Secodary School (GH)
  • Grade 8 (GH)
  • Grade 9 (GH)
  • Senior Secondary School (GH)
  • Grade 10 (GH)
  • Grade 11 (GH)
  • Grade 12 (GH)
  • Higher Education (GH)
Greece
  • Upper Secondary School (GR)
  • 1st Grade (Lyceum) (GR)
  • 2nd Grade (Lyceum) (GR)
  • 3rd Grade (Lyceum) (GR)
  • Tertiary Education (GR)
Guatemala
  • Lower Secondary (GT)
  • Grade 7 (GT)
  • Grade 8 (GT)
  • Grade 9 (GT)
  • Upper Secondary (GT)
  • Grade 10 (GT)
  • Grade 11 (GT)
  • Grade 12 (GT)
  • Higher Education (GT)
Honduras
  • Lower Secondary Education (HN)
  • 8th Grade (HN)
  • 9th Grade (HN)
  • Upper Secondary Education (HN)
  • 10th Grade (HN)
  • 11th Grade (HN)
  • 12th Grade (HN)
  • Tertiary Education (HN)
Hong Kong
  • Junior Secondary (HK)
  • Secondary 2 (HK)
  • Secondary 3 (HK)
  • Senior Secondary (HK)
  • Secondary 4 (HK)
  • Secondary 5 (HK)
  • Secondary 6 (HK)
  • University (HK)
Hungary
  • Upper Secondary Education (HU)
  • 11th Grade (HU)
  • 12th Grade (HU)
  • 13th Grade (HU)
  • Higher Education (HU)
Iceland
  • Primary Education (IS)
  • Grade 8 (IS)
  • Grade 9 (IS)
  • Grade 10 (IS)
  • Upper Secondary Education (IS)
  • 11th Grade (IS)
  • 12th Grade (IS)
  • 13th Grade (IS)
  • Higher Education (IS)
India
  • Middle Stage (IN)
  • Class 8 (IN)
  • Secondary School (IN)
  • Class 9 (IN)
  • Class 10 (IN)
  • Senior Secondary School (IN)
  • Class 11 (IN)
  • Class 12 (IN)
  • Undergraduate college (IN)
  • Post-graduate college (IN)
Indonesia
  • Middle School (ID)
  • 8th Grade (ID)
  • 9th Grade (ID)
  • High School (ID)
  • 10th Grade (ID)
  • 11th Grade (ID)
  • 12th Grade (ID)
  • Tertiary Education (ID)
Iraq
  • Intermediate Education (IQ)
  • Eighth Grade (IQ)
  • Ninth Grade (IQ)
  • Preparatory Education (IQ)
  • Tenth Grade (IQ)
  • Eleventh Grade (IQ)
  • Twelfth Grade (IQ)
  • Higher Education (IQ)
Ireland
  • Senior Cycle (IE)
  • Transition Year (IE)
  • Fifth Year (IE)
  • Sixth Year (IE)
  • University (IE)
Israel
  • Intermediate School (IL)
  • Grade 8 (IL)
  • Grade 9 (IL)
  • Secondary School (IL)
  • Grade 10 (IL)
  • Grade 11 (IL)
  • Grade 12 (IL)
  • University (IL)
  • Doctorate (IL)
Italy
  • Upper Secondary Education (IT)
  • 2nd upper (IT)
  • 3rd upper (IT)
  • 4th upper (IT)
  • 5th upper (IT)
  • Higher Education (IT)
Jamaica
  • Secondary Education (JM)
  • Grade 8 (JM)
  • Grade 9 (JM)
  • Grade 10 (JM)
  • Grade 11 (JM)
  • Grade 12 (JM)
  • Tertiary Education (JM)
Japan
  • Lower Secondary School (JP)
  • Grade 2 (lower secondary) (JP)
  • Grade 3 (lower secondary) (JP)
  • Upper Secondary School (JP)
  • Grade 1 (upper secondary) (JP)
  • Grade 2 (upper secondary) (JP)
  • Grade 3 (upper secondary) (JP)
  • Higher Education (JP)
Jordan
  • Basic Education (JO)
  • Grade 8 (JO)
  • Grade 9 (JO)
  • Grade 10 (JO)
  • Secondary Education (JO)
  • Grade 11 (JO)
  • Grade 12 (JO)
  • Higher Education (JO)
  • Doctorate (JO)
Kazakhstan
  • Lower Secondary School (KZ)
  • Grade 7 (KZ)
  • Grade 8 (KZ)
  • Grade 9 (KZ)
  • Upper Secondary School (KZ)
  • Grade 10 (KZ)
  • Grade 11 (KZ)
  • Tertiary Institutions (KZ)
Kenya
  • Upper Primary (KE)
  • Standard 8 (KE)
  • High School (KE)
  • Standard 9 (KE)
  • Standard 10 (KE)
  • Standard 11 (KE)
  • Standard 12 (KE)
  • Higher Education (KE)
Kuwait
  • Intermediate Education (KW)
  • Grade 8 (KW)
  • Grade 9 (KW)
  • Secondary Education (KW)
  • Grade 10 (KW)
  • Grade 11 (KW)
  • Grade 12 (KW)
  • Higher Education (KW)
Latvia
  • Primary Education (LV)
  • Grade 7 (LV)
  • Grade 8 (LV)
  • Senior Secondary Education (LV)
  • Grade 10 (LV)
  • Grade 11 (LV)
  • Grade 12 (LV)
  • Higher Education (LV)
Lebanon
  • Intermediate Level (LB)
  • Grade 8 (LB)
  • Grade 9 (LB)
  • Secondary Education (LB)
  • Grade 10 (LB)
  • Grade 11 (LB)
  • Grade 12 (LB)
  • Tertiary Education (LB)
Libya
  • Primary Education (LY)
  • Grade 8 (LY)
  • Grade 9 (LY)
  • Secondary Education (LY)
  • Grade 10 (LY)
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  • Grade 12 (LY)
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Liechtenstein
  • Middle School (LI)
  • 7th Grade (LI)
  • 8th Grade (LI)
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Lithuania
  • Lower Secondary Education (LT)
  • Grade 8 (LT)
  • Grade 9 (LT)
  • Grade 10 (LT)
  • Upper Secondary Education (LT)
  • Grade 11 (LT)
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  • Higher Education (LT)
Luxembourg
  • Upper Secondary Education (LU)
  • 3 G (LU)
  • 2 G (LU)
  • 1 G (LU)
  • Higher Education (LU)
Malaysia
  • Secondary (MY)
  • Form 2 (MY)
  • Form 3 (MY)
  • Form 4 (MY)
  • Form 5 (MY)
  • Pre-university (MY)
  • Lower Form 6 (MY)
  • Upper Form 6 (MY)
  • Post-secondary Education (MY)
Malta
  • Secondary Education (MT)
  • Grade 9 (MT)
  • Grade 10 (MT)
  • Grade 11 (MT)
  • Post-Secondary Education (MT)
  • Tertiary Education (MT)
  • Postgraduate Education (MT)
Mexico
  • Lower Secondary Education (MX)
  • Grade 8 (MX)
  • Grade 9 (MX)
  • Upper Secondary Education (MX)
  • Grade 10 (MX)
  • Grade 11 (MX)
  • Grade 12 (MX)
  • Tertiary Education (MX)
Montenegro
  • Primary Education (ME)
  • Grade 8 (ME)
  • Grade 9 (ME)
  • Secondary Education (ME)
  • Grade 10 (ME)
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  • Higher Education (ME)
Morocco
  • Lower Secondary (MA)
  • Grade 8 (MA)
  • Grade 9 (MA)
  • Upper Secondary (MA)
  • Grade 10 (MA)
  • Grade 11 (MA)
  • Grade 12 (MA)
  • Tertiary (MA)
Nepal
  • Secondary (NP)
  • Year 9 (NP)
  • Year 10 (NP)
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  • Year 11 (NP)
  • Year 12 (NP)
Netherlands
  • Secondary Education (NL)
  • 5th Year (HAVO) (NL)
  • Higher Education (NL)
New Zealand
  • Year 9-13 Secondary School (NZ)
  • Year 9 (NZ)
  • Year 10 (NZ)
  • Year 11 (NZ)
  • Year 12 (NZ)
  • Year 13 (NZ)
  • University (NZ)
  • Doctorate (NZ)
Nicaragua
  • Lower Secondary Education (NI)
  • Grade 8 (NI)
  • Grade 9 (NI)
  • Higher Secondary Education (NI)
  • Grade 10 (NI)
  • Grade 11 (NI)
  • Tertiary Education (NI)
Nigeria
  • Junior Secondary Education (NG)
  • Grade 8 (NG)
  • Grade 9 (NG)
  • Senior Secondary Education (NG)
  • Grade 10 (NG)
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  • Grade 12 (NG)
  • University (NG)
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North Macedonia
  • Primary Education (MK)
  • Grade 7 (MK)
  • Grade 8 (MK)
  • Secondary Education (MK)
  • Grade 9 (MK)
  • Grade 10 (MK)
  • Grade 11 (MK)
  • Grade 12 (MK)
  • Higher Education (MK)
Northern Ireland
  • Key Stage 3 (GB-NIR)
  • Year 10 (GB-NIR)
  • Key Stage 4 (GB-NIR)
  • Year 11 (GB-NIR)
  • Year 12 (GB-NIR)
  • Key Stage 5 (GB-NIR)
  • Higher Education (GB-NIR)
Norway
  • Lower Secondary School (NO)
  • 8th Grade (NO)
  • 9th Grade (NO)
  • 10th Grade (NO)
  • Upper Secondary School (NO)
  • VG1 (NO)
  • VG2 (NO)
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  • Higher Education (NO)
Oman
  • Basic Education (OM)
  • Grade 8 (OM)
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  • Secondary Education (OM)
  • Grade 11 (OM)
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  • Higher Education (OM)
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Pakistan
  • Middle School (PK)
  • Class 8 (PK)
  • High School (PK)
  • Class 9 (PK)
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  • Class 11 (PK)
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  • University (PK)
Panama
  • First Step of Secondary Level (PA)
  • Grade Eight (PA)
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  • Second Step of Secondary Level (PA)
  • Grade Ten (PA)
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  • Higher Education (PA)
Papua New Guinea
  • Middle (PG)
  • Grade 7 (PG)
  • Grade 8 (PG)
  • Grade 9 (PG)
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  • Secondary (PG)
  • Grade 11 (PG)
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  • Tertiary (PG)
Paraguay
  • Primary Education (PY)
  • 8th Grade (PY)
  • 9th Grade (PY)
  • Upper Secondary Education (PY)
  • 10th Grade (PY)
  • 11th Grade (PY)
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Peru
  • Secondary School (PE)
  • 9th Grade (PE)
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Philippines
  • Junior High School (PH)
  • Grade 8 (PH)
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Poland
  • Upper Secondary Education (PL)
  • Grade 2 (high school) (PL)
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  • Higher Education (PL)
Portugal
  • Basic Education (PT)
  • 8th Year (PT)
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  • Secondary Education (PT)
  • 10th Year (PT)
  • 11th Year (PT)
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  • Tertiary Education (PT)
Puerto Rico
  • Junior High School (PR)
  • Eighth Grade (PR)
  • Ninth Grade (PR)
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  • Tenth Grade (PR)
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  • Twelfth Grade (PR)
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Qatar
  • Preparatory Education (QA)
  • Grade 8 (QA)
  • Grade 9 (QA)
  • Secondary Education (QA)
  • Grade 10 (QA)
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  • Doctorate (QA)
Romania
  • Secondary School (RO)
  • Class X (RO)
  • Class XI (RO)
  • Class XII (RO)
  • Higher Education (RO)
Russia
  • Basic General Education (RU)
  • Eighth Grade (RU)
  • Ninth Grade (RU)
  • Secondary General Education (RU)
  • Tenth Grade (RU)
  • Eleventh Grade (RU)
  • Postsecondary and Tertiary Education (RU)
Saudi Arabia
  • Intermediate Education (SA)
  • Grade 8 (SA)
  • Grade 9 (SA)
  • Secondary Education (SA)
  • Grade 10 (SA)
  • Grade 11 (SA)
  • Grade 12 (SA)
  • Tertiary Education (SA)
Scotland
  • Secondary School (GB-SCT)
  • Second Year (S2) (GB-SCT)
  • Third Year (S3) (GB-SCT)
  • Fourth Year (S4) (GB-SCT)
  • Fifth Year (S5) (GB-SCT)
  • Higher Education (GB-SCT)
  • Doctorate (GB-SCT)
Senegal
  • Lower Secondary Education (SN)
  • Grade 8 (SN)
  • Grade 9 (SN)
  • Grade 10 (SN)
  • Upper Secondary Education (SN)
  • Grade 11 (SN)
  • Grade 12 (SN)
  • Grade 13 (SN)
  • Tertiary Education (SN)
Serbia
  • Secondary-High School (RS)
  • Year 2 (RS)
  • Year 3 (RS)
  • Year 4 (RS)
  • Higher Education (RS)
Singapore
  • Secondary Education (SG)
  • Secondary 1 (SG)
  • Secondary 2 (SG)
  • Secondary 3 (SG)
  • Secondary 4 (SG)
  • Secondary 5 (SG)
  • Post-secondary Education (SG)
Slovakia
  • High School (SK)
  • 2nd Grade (High School) (SK)
  • 3rd Grade (High School) (SK)
  • 4th Grade (High School) (SK)
  • Post-Secondary Education (SK)
Slovenia
  • Upper Secondary Education (SI)
  • Grade 11 (SI)
  • Grade 12 (SI)
  • Grade 13 (SI)
  • Tertiary Education (SI)
South Africa
  • Senior Phase (ZA)
  • Grade 8 (ZA)
  • Grade 9 (ZA)
  • Further Education and Training (ZA)
  • Grade 10 (ZA)
  • Grade 11 (ZA)
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South Korea
  • Middle School (KR)
  • 3rd Grade (KR)
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  • 1st Grade (KR)
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  • 3rd Grade (KR)
  • Higher Education (KR)
Spain
  • Lower Secondary Education (ES)
  • Grade 9 (ES)
  • Grade 10 (ES)
  • Upper Secondary Education (ES)
  • Grade 11 (ES)
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Sri Lanka
  • Junior Secondary (LK)
  • Grade 9 (LK)
  • Senior Secondary (LK)
  • Grade 10 (LK)
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  • Collegiate (LK)
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  • Tertiary Education (LK)
Sweden
  • Comprehensive School (SE)
  • 7th Grade (SE)
  • 8th Grade (SE)
  • 9th Grade (SE)
  • Upper Secondary Education (SE)
  • 1st Grade (SE)
  • 2nd Grade (SE)
  • 3rd Grade (SE)
  • University (SE)
Switzerland
  • Lower Secondary Level (CH)
  • Grade 8 (CH)
  • Grade 9 (CH)
  • Upper Secondary Level (CH)
  • Grade-1 (CH)
  • Grade-2 (CH)
  • Grade-3 (CH)
  • Tertiary Level (CH)
Taiwan
  • Junior High School (TW)
  • 8th Grade (TW)
  • 9th Grade (TW)
  • Senior High School (TW)
  • 10th Grade (TW)
  • 11th Grade (TW)
  • 12th Grade (TW)
  • Tertiary Education (TW)
Tanzania
  • Primary Education (TZ)
  • Grade 7 (TZ)
  • Lower Secondary (TZ)
  • Grade 8 (TZ)
  • Grade 9 (TZ)
  • Grade 10 (TZ)
  • Grade 11 (TZ)
  • Grade 12 (TZ)
  • Upper Secondary (TZ)
  • University (TZ)
  • Doctorate (TZ)
Thailand
  • Lower Secondary (TH)
  • Eighth Grade (TH)
  • Ninth Grade (TH)
  • Upper Secondary (TH)
  • Tenth Grade (TH)
  • Eleventh Grade (TH)
  • Twelfth Grade (TH)
  • Higher Education (TH)
Tunisia
  • Basic Education (TN)
  • Eighth Grade (TN)
  • Ninth Grade (TN)
  • Secondary Education (TN)
  • Tenth Grade (TN)
  • Eleventh Grade (TN)
  • Twelfth Grade (TN)
  • Tertiary Education (TN)
Türkiye
  • Primary Education (TR)
  • 8th Grade (TR)
  • High School (TR)
  • 9th Grade (TR)
  • 10th Grade (TR)
  • 11th Grade (TR)
  • 12th Grade (TR)
  • Higher Education (TR)
Uganda
  • Lower Secondary Education (UG)
  • Eighth Grade (UG)
  • Ninth Grade (UG)
  • Tenth Grade (UG)
  • Eleventh Grade (UG)
  • Upper Secondary Education (UG)
  • Twelfth Grade (UG)
  • Thirteenth Grade (UG)
  • Post-Secondary Education (UG)
Ukraine
  • Secondary Base School (UA)
  • 8th Grade (UA)
  • 9th Grade (UA)
  • Secondary Last School (UA)
  • 10th Grade (UA)
  • 11th Grade (UA)
  • 12th Grade (UA)
  • Higher Education (UA)
United Arab Emirates
  • Intermediate Level (AE)
  • Grade 8 (AE)
  • Secondary Level (AE)
  • Grade 9 (AE)
  • Grade 10 (AE)
  • Grade 11 (AE)
  • Grade 12 (AE)
  • Higher Education (AE)
United States
  • Middle School (US)
  • Eighth Grade (US)
  • High School (US)
  • Ninth Grade (US)
  • Tenth Grade (US)
  • Eleventh Grade (US)
  • Twelfth Grade (US)
  • College (US)
  • Graduate School (US)
Venezuela
  • Middle Education (VE)
  • Grade 9 (VE)
  • Diversified Education (VE)
  • Grade 10 (VE)
  • Grade 11 (VE)
  • Grade 12 (VE)
  • Higher Education School (VE)
Vietnam
  • Upper Secondary Education (VN)
  • Tenth Grade (VN)
  • Eleventh Grade (VN)
  • Twelfth Grade (VN)
  • Higher Education (VN)
Wales
  • Key Stage 4 (GB-WLS)
  • Year 10 (GB-WLS)
  • Year 11 (GB-WLS)
  • Key Stage 5 (GB-WLS)
  • Year 12 (GB-WLS)
  • Year 13 (GB-WLS)
  • Higher Education (GB-WLS)
Yemen
  • Basic Education (YE)
  • Grade 8 (YE)
  • Grade 9 (YE)
  • Secondary Education (YE)
  • Grade 10 (YE)
  • Grade 11 (YE)
  • Grade 12 (YE)
  • University Education (YE)
Zimbabwe
  • Secondary Education (ZW)
  • Grade 8 (ZW)
  • Grade 9 (ZW)
  • Grade 10 (ZW)
  • Grade 11 (ZW)
  • Grade 12 (ZW)
  • Grade 13 (ZW)
  • Tertiary Education (ZW)

範例:

"educationalLevel": "10th Grade (AR)"

一般值:

只有下列其中一種一般值可以指定為 educationalLevel

  • Beginner:無需事先具備相關知識也能瞭解內容
  • Intermediate:可能需要具備一些知識才能瞭解內容
  • Advanced:這項內容的適用對象為對該主題事先具備相關知識的進階學生
"educationalLevel": "Beginner"
learningResourceType

Text

影片中的內容類型取決於影片的目的。如果影片只含有一種內容類型,可以在影片層級使用這項屬性;如果影片含有多種內容類型,則在短片層級使用這項屬性。以下清單為可接受的值範例。如果影片不符合其中任何值,您可以建立新的值,因為我們正在考慮支援新的值。請注意,如果未設定下方所列的任一值,教學類型資訊就無法用於任何搜尋功能。

    • Concept overview:影片說明了某個主題或概念。
    • Problem walkthrough:影片展示解決某個學術問題 (例如數學或科學字詞問題) 的方法或步驟。
    • Real life example:影片展示如何在現實生活中運用某個概念。
    • Activity:影片展示某種教學活動的示範或運用,例如即興遊戲、概念地圖、同儕評論或強制辯論。
    • Experiment:影片展示實驗。
    • Lecture:影片展示課堂、演講或網路研討會。
    • How-to:影片提供執行某件事的方法或一系列步驟。如為解決程序性 STEM 問題的影片,請使用 Problem walkthrough 類型。
    • Tips:影片提供提示與秘訣。
    "learningResourceType": "Problem walkthrough"
建議屬性
educationalAlignment.educationalFramework

Text

與內容相關聯的官方標準名稱。

"educationalFramework": "Common Core"
educationalAlignment.targetName

Text

標準代碼或節點 (例如 CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.SP.B.4、AP 物理 A、CCSS.MATH)。

"targetName": "CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.7.SP.B.4"
educationalAlignment.targetUrl

Url

連往標準說明的網址。

"targetUrl": "https://www.corestandards.org/Math/Content/8/EE/A/2/"
hasPart

Clip

影片中的短片清單。每個短片都必須聚焦於特定主題或問題。

教育類 Clip 物件的必要屬性與建議屬性清單列在獨立表格中。

以下是問題逐步操作說明短片範例:

{
  "@type": ["Clip","LearningResource"],
  "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
  "name": "Example 1",
  "text": "Consider a weight suspended from five wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in one wire.",
  "startOffset": 201,
  "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=201"
}

以下是提供概念總覽的短片範例:

{
  "@type": ["Clip","LearningResource"],
  "learningResourceType": "Concept Overview",
  "name": "ABC Law",
  "startOffset": 501,
  "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=501"
}
text

Text

在影片中所要解決的問題文字。這個屬性必須包含完整問題,而不僅僅是問題的標題。

如果影片要解決的問題不只一個,可以在 Clip 層級使用相同屬性。

"text": "Consider a weight suspended from two wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in each wire."

教學短片 [Clip, LearningResource]

您可以將教學短片指定為教學影片 hasPart 屬性的一部分。以下為建議的短片屬性清單。

為教學短片加上 [Clip, LearningResource] 類型標記。除了 Clip 必要屬性和建議屬性之外,請為教學短片新增下列屬性。

建議屬性
learningResourceType

Text

短片中的內容類型取決於短片的目的。如果短片提供逐步解題方法,您可以將這個值設為 "Problem walkthrough"。如果短片含有某種概念的說明,您可以將這個值設為 "Concept overview"

以下清單為可接受的值範例。如果短片不符合其中任何值,您可以建立新的值,因為我們正在考慮支援新的值。請注意,如果未設定下方所列的任一值,資訊就無法用於任何搜尋功能。

可接受的值如下:

  • Concept overview:短片說明了某個主題或概念。
  • Problem walkthrough:短片展示解決某個學術問題 (例如數學或科學字詞問題) 的方法或步驟。
  • Real life application:短片展示如何在現實生活中運用某個概念。
  • Activity:短片展示某種教學活動的示範或運用,例如即興遊戲、概念地圖、同儕評論或強制辯論。
  • Science experiment:短片展示科學實驗。
  • Lecture:短片展示課堂、演講或網路研討會。
  • How-to:短片提供執行某件事的方法或一系列步驟。 如為解決程序性 STEM 問題的短片,請使用 Problem walkthrough 類型。
  • Tips:短片提供提示與秘訣。
"learningResourceType": "Problem walkthrough"

問題逐步操作說明影片 [VideoObject, LearningResource]

問題逐步操作說明影片是教學影片的一種子類型,可提供問題的逐步解決方法。

針對問題逐步操作說明影片使用 [VideoObject, LearningResource] 類型。 除了 VideoObject 必要屬性和建議屬性之外,請為問題逐步操作說明影片加入下列屬性。

必要屬性
learningResourceType

Text

影片中的內容類型取決於影片的目的。如果是問題逐步操作說明影片,這個欄位必須設為「Problem walkthrough」。

"learningResourceType": "Problem walkthrough"
建議屬性
hasPart

Clip

影片中的短片清單。每個短片都必須聚焦於特定問題。

教育類 Clip 物件的必要屬性與建議屬性清單列在獨立表格中。

含有問題逐步操作說明的短片範例:

[
  {
    "@type": ["Clip","LearningResource"],
    "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
    "name": "Example 1",
    "text": "Consider a weight suspended from five wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in one wire.",
    "startOffset": 201,
    "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=201"
  },
  {
    "@type": ["Clip","LearningResource"],
    "learningResourceType": "Problem Walkthrough",
    "name": "Example 2",
    "text": "Consider two weights suspended from five wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in all wires.",
    "startOffset": 501,
    "url": "https://www.example.com/example?t=501"
  }
]
text

Text

在影片中所要解決的問題文字。

如果影片會解決多個問題,可以在 Clip 層級使用相同屬性。

"text": "Consider a weight suspended from two wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in each wire."

問題逐步操作說明短片 [Clip, LearningResource]

您可以將問題逐步操作說明短片指定為教學影片 hasPart 屬性的一部分。問題逐步操作說明短片是教學短片的子類型,包含問題的逐步解決方法。以下是問題逐步操作說明短片的必要屬性清單。

為教學短片使用 [Clip, LearningResource] 類型。除了 Clip 必要屬性和建議屬性之外,請為問題逐步操作說明短片加入下列屬性。

必要屬性
learningResourceType

Text

如果短片提供逐步解題方法,您必須將這個值設為 "Problem walkthrough"

"learningResourceType": "Problem walkthrough"
建議屬性
text

Text

在短片中所要解決的問題文字。

"text": "Consider a weight suspended from two wires as shown in Figure. Find the tension in each wire."

透過 Search Console 監控複合式搜尋結果

Search Console 這項工具能協助您監控網頁在 Google 搜尋中的成效。 Google 會主動將您的網頁納入搜尋結果,您無需為此申請使用 Search Console,但是您可以藉由這項服務瞭解並改善 Google 檢索您網站的方式。建議在下列情況查看 Search Console:

  1. 首次部署結構化資料後
  2. 發布新範本或更新程式碼後
  3. 定期分析流量

首次部署結構化資料後

在 Google 為網頁建立索引後,請透過相關的複合式搜尋結果狀態報告查看是否存在任何問題。理想情況下,有效項目會增加,但無效項目不會變多。如果您在結構化資料中發現問題,請依下列步驟操作:

  1. 修正無效項目
  2. 檢查線上網址,查看問題是否仍繼續發生。
  3. 透過狀態報告要求驗證

發布新範本或更新程式碼後

當您對網站進行大幅變更時,請留意結構化資料中無效項目是否增加。
  • 如果無效項目增加,代表您推出的新範本可能無法正常運作,或者您的網站採用新方式與現有範本互動,但效果不佳。
  • 如果有效項目減少,但錯誤並未隨之增加,代表您的網頁可能已不再內嵌結構化資料。請使用網址檢查工具找出問題的成因。

定期分析流量

透過成效報表分析您的 Google 搜尋流量。 這些資料會顯示您的網頁在 Google 搜尋中呈現為複合式搜尋結果的頻率、使用者點擊的頻率,以及您的搜尋結果平均排名。您也可以使用 Search Console API 自動提取這些結果。

疑難排解

如果無法順利導入結構化資料,或是偵錯時遇到困難,請參考下列資源。

  • 如果您使用內容管理系統 (CMS) 或者有他人代您處理網站事務,請向對方尋求協助。請務必將所有與問題相關的 Search Console 訊息都轉寄給對方,這些訊息會針對問題提供詳細說明。
  • Google 不保證採用結構化資料的功能一定會顯示在搜尋結果中。如要瞭解為何 Google 無法將您的內容顯示為複合式搜尋結果,請參閱結構化資料通用指南裡的常見原因清單。
  • 結構化資料可能含有錯誤。請查看結構化資料錯誤清單
  • 如果您的網頁遭到結構化資料專人介入處理處置,系統會忽略網頁上的結構化資料,但該網頁仍然會出現在 Google 搜尋結果中。請使用專人介入處理報告來修正結構化資料問題
  • 再次查看指南規範,確認您的內容是否符合規定。問題可能是因為垃圾內容或不當使用的標記所引起。不過,因為問題可能與語法無關,所以複合式搜尋結果測試無法找出問題所在。
  • 疑難排解:未出現複合式搜尋結果/複合式搜尋結果總數減少
  • 請等待一段時間,讓系統執行重新檢索和重新建立索引作業。在發布網頁後,Google 可能需要幾天時間才會找到網頁並進行檢索。如有關於檢索和索引建立作業的一般問題,請參閱 Google 搜尋檢索和索引常見問題
  • 前往 Google 搜尋中心論壇發文提問。

內容與結構化資料不符

問題發生原因:網頁上的內容與網頁的結構化資料不相符。舉例來說,網頁上的影片標題與 name 屬性所列的值不相符。此外,也可能包含垃圾資訊內容 (例如誘騙點擊的標題和說明),或是標記與實際影片有所出入。您可能已收到 Search Console 寄來的郵件:「違反結構化資料政策 - 系統發現頁面上的內容與頁面的結構化資料不同」。

修正問題

  1. 確認結構化資料與網頁上的實際內容一致。
  2. 使用網址檢查工具,確認可在轉譯頁面 (Google 所見頁面) 中看見該內容。
  3. 問題解決後,您就可以提交網站重審要求