Class google.script.history (Client-side API)

google.script.history is an asynchronous client-side JavaScript API that can interact with the browser history stack. It can only be used in the context of a web app that uses IFRAME. It is not intended for use with sidebars and dialogs in an add-on or container-script context. For more information, see the guide to using browser history in web apps.

Methods

MethodReturn typeBrief description
push(stateObject, params, hash) void Pushes the provided state object, URL parameters and URL fragment onto the browser history stack.
replace(stateObject, params, hash) void Replaces the top event on the browser history stack with the provided state object, URL parameters and URL fragment.
setChangeHandler(function) void Sets a callback function to respond to changes in the browser history

Detailed documentation

push(stateObject, params, hash)

Pushes the provided state object, URL parameters and URL fragment onto the browser history stack. The state object is a simple JavaScript Object that is defined by the developer and can contain any data relevant to the app's current state. This method is analogous to the pushState() JavaScript method.

Index.html

var now = new Date();
var state = {
  'timestamp': now.getTime()
};
var params = {
  'options': "none"
};
google.script.history.push(state, params, "anchor1");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
stateObjectObjectAn developer-defined object to be associated with a browser history event, and which resurfaces when the state is popped. Typically used to store application state information (such as page data) for future retrieval.
paramsObjectAn object containing URL parameters to associate with this state. For example, {foo: “bar”, fiz: “baz”} equates to "?foo=bar&fiz=baz". Alternatively, arrays can be used: {foo: [“bar”, “cat”], fiz: “baz”} equates to "?foo=bar&foo=cat&fiz=baz". If null or undefined, the current URL parameters are not changed. If empty, the URL parameters are cleared.
hashStringThe string URL fragment appearing after the '#' character. If null or undefined, the current URL fragment is not changed. If empty, the URL fragment is cleared.


replace(stateObject, params, hash)

Replaces the top event on the browser history stack with the provided (developer-defined) state object, URL parameters and URL fragment. This is otherwise identical to push().

Index.html

var now = new Date();
var state = {
  'timestamp': now.getTime()
};
var params = {
  'options': "none"
};
google.script.history.replace(state, params, "anchor1");

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
stateObjectObjectAn developer-defined object to be associated with a browser history event, and which resurfaces when the state is popped. Typically used to store application state information (such as page data) for future retrieval.
paramsObjectAn object containing URL parameters to associate with this state. For example, {foo: “bar”, fiz: “baz”} equates to "?foo=bar&fiz=baz". Alternatively, arrays can be used: {foo: [“bar”, “cat”], fiz: “baz”} equates to "?foo=bar&foo=cat&fiz=baz". If null or undefined, the current URL parameters are not changed. If empty, the URL parameters are cleared.
hashStringThe string URL fragment appearing after the '#' character. If null or undefined, the current URL fragment is not changed. If empty, the URL fragment is cleared.

setChangeHandler(function)

Sets a callback function to respond to changes in the browser history. The callback function should take only a single event object as an argument.

Index.html

google.script.history.setChangeHandler(function (e) {
  console.log(e.state);
  console.log(e.location.parameters);
  console.log(e.location.hash);

  // Adjust web app UI to match popped state here...
});

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
functionFunctiona client-side callback function to run upon a history change event, using the event object as the only argument.

Event object

Fields
e.state

The state object associated with the popped event. This object is identical to the state object that used in the corresponding push() or replace() method that added the popped state to the history stack.

{"page":2, "name":"Wilbur"}
e.location

A location object associated with the popped event

{"hash":"", "parameter":{"name": "alice", "n": "1"}, "parameters":{"name": ["alice"], "n": ["1", "2"]}}

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