Class google.script.run (Client-side API)

google.script.run is an asynchronous client-side JavaScript API available in HTML-service pages that can call server-side Apps Script functions. To interact with dialogs or sidebars in Google Docs, Sheets, or Forms from client-side code, use google.script.host. For more information, see the guide to communicating with server functions in HTML service.

Methods

MethodReturn typeBrief description
myFunction(...) (any server-side function) void Executes the server-side Apps Script function with the corresponding name.
withFailureHandler(function) google.script.run Sets a callback function to run if the server-side function throws an exception.
withSuccessHandler(function) google.script.run Sets a callback function to run if the server-side function returns successfully.
withUserObject(object) google.script.run Sets an object to pass as a second parameter to the success and failure handlers.

Detailed documentation

myFunction(...) (any server-side function)

Executes the server-side Apps Script function with the corresponding name.

Code.gs

function doGet() {
  return HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
}

function doSomething() {
  Logger.log('I was called!');
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
    <script>
      google.script.run.doSomething();
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
  </body>
</html>

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
...Most types are legal, but not Date, Function, or DOM element besides form; see descriptionLegal parameters are JavaScript primitives like a Number, Boolean, String, or null, as well as JavaScript objects and arrays that are composed of primitives, objects, and arrays. A form element within the page is also legal as a parameter, but it must be the function’s only parameter. Requests fail if you attempt to pass a Date, Function, DOM element besides a form, or other prohibited type, including prohibited types inside objects or arrays. Objects that create circular references will also fail, and undefined fields within arrays become null. Note that an object passed to the server becomes a copy of the original. If a server function receives an object and changes its properties, the properties on the client are not affected.

Return

void — this method is asynchronous and does not return directly; however, the server-side function can can return a value to the client as a parameter passed to a success handler; also, return types are subject to the same restrictions as parameter types, except that a form element is not a legal return type


withFailureHandler(function)

Sets a callback function to run if the server-side function throws an exception. The Error object is passed to the function as the first argument, and the user object (if any) is passed as a second argument. Without a failure handler, failures are logged to the JavaScript console. To override this, call withFailureHandler(null) or supply a failure handler that does nothing.

Code.gs

function doGet() {
  return HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
}

function getUnreadEmails() {
  // 'got' instead of 'get' will throw an error.
  return GmailApp.gotInboxUnreadCount();
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
    <script>
      function onFailure(error) {
        var div = document.getElementById('output');
        div.innerHTML = "ERROR: " + error.message;
      }

      google.script.run.withFailureHandler(onFailure)
          .getUnreadEmails();
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="output"></div>
  </body>
</html>

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
functionFunctiona client-side callback function to run if the server-side function throws an exception; the Error object is passed to the function as the first argument, and the user object (if any) is passed as a second argument

Return

google.script.run — this "script runner," for chaining


withSuccessHandler(function)

Sets a callback function to run if the server-side function returns successfully. The server's return value is passed to the function as the first argument, and the user object (if any) is passed as a second argument.

Code.gs

function doGet() {
  return HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
}

function getUnreadEmails() {
  return GmailApp.getInboxUnreadCount();
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
    <script>
      function onSuccess(numUnread) {
        var div = document.getElementById('output');
        div.innerHTML = 'You have ' + numUnread
            + ' unread messages in your Gmail inbox.';
      }

      google.script.run.withSuccessHandler(onSuccess)
          .getUnreadEmails();
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <div id="output"></div>
  </body>
</html>

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
functionFunctiona client-side callback function to run if the server-side function returns successfully; the server's return value is passed to the function as the first argument, and the user object (if any) is passed as a second argument

Return

google.script.run — this "script runner," for chaining


withUserObject(object)

Sets an object to pass as a second parameter to the success and failure handlers. This "user object" — not to be confused with the User class — lets the callback functions respond to the context in which the client contacted the server. Because user objects are not sent to the server, they are not subject to the restrictions on parameters and return values for server calls. User objects cannot, however, be objects constructed with the new operator.

Code.gs

function doGet() {
  return HtmlService.createHtmlOutputFromFile('Index');
}

function getEmail() {
  return Session.getActiveUser().getEmail();
}

Index.html

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
  <head>
    <base target="_top">
    <script>
      function updateButton(email, button) {
        button.value = 'Clicked by ' + email;
      }
    </script>
  </head>
  <body>
    <input type="button" value="Not Clicked"
      onclick="google.script.run
          .withSuccessHandler(updateButton)
          .withUserObject(this)
          .getEmail()" />
    <input type="button" value="Not Clicked"
      onclick="google.script.run
          .withSuccessHandler(updateButton)
          .withUserObject(this)
          .getEmail()" />
  </body>
</html>

Parameters

NameTypeDescription
objectObjectan object to pass as a second parameter to the success and failure handlers; because user objects are not sent to the server, they are not subject to the restrictions on parameters and return values for server calls. User objects cannot, however, be objects constructed with the new operator

Return

google.script.run — this "script runner," for chaining

发送以下问题的反馈:

此网页
Apps Script
Apps Script