Przepływ wykorzystania

Aby rozpocząć przetwarzanie wsadowe:

Utwórz nowe zadanie wsadowe

Najpierw musisz utworzyć zasób BatchJob, wywołując MutateBatchJob.

Java

private String createBatchJob(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, long customerId) {
  BatchJobOperation operation =
      BatchJobOperation.newBuilder().setCreate(BatchJob.newBuilder().build()).build();
  String batchJobResourceName =
      batchJobServiceClient
          .mutateBatchJob(Long.toString(customerId), operation)
          .getResult()
          .getResourceName();
  System.out.printf("Created a mutate job with resource name: '%s'.%n", batchJobResourceName);

  return batchJobResourceName;
}
      

C#

private static string CreateBatchJob(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    long customerId)
{
    BatchJobOperation operation = new BatchJobOperation()
    {
        Create = new BatchJob()
        {
        }
    };
    string batchJobResourceName =
        batchJobService.MutateBatchJob(customerId.ToString(), operation)
        .Result.ResourceName;
    Console.WriteLine($"Created a batch job with resource name: " +
        $"'{batchJobResourceName}'.");

    return batchJobResourceName;
}
      

PHP

private static function createBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    int $customerId
) {
    // Creates a batch job operation to create a new batch job.
    $batchJobOperation = new BatchJobOperation();
    $batchJobOperation->setCreate(new BatchJob());

    // Issues a request to the API and get the batch job's resource name.
    $batchJobResourceName =
        $batchJobServiceClient->mutateBatchJob($customerId, $batchJobOperation)
            ->getResult()
            ->getResourceName();
    printf(
        "Created a batch job with resource name: '%s'.%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    return $batchJobResourceName;
}
      

Python

def create_batch_job(batch_job_service, customer_id, batch_job_operation):
    """Creates a batch job for the specified customer ID.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        customer_id: a str of a customer ID.
        batch_job_operation: a BatchJobOperation instance set to "create"

    Returns: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.mutate_batch_job(
            customer_id=customer_id, operation=batch_job_operation
        )
        resource_name = response.result.resource_name
        print(f'Created a batch job with resource name "{resource_name}"')
        return resource_name
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def create_batch_job(client, batch_job_service, customer_id)
  # Creates a batch job operation to create a new batch job.
  operation = client.operation.create_resource.batch_job

  # Issues a request to the API and get the batch job's resource name.
  response = batch_job_service.mutate_batch_job(
    customer_id: customer_id,
    operation: operation
  )

  batch_job_resource_name = response.result.resource_name
  puts "Created a batch job with resource name: '#{batch_job_resource_name}'"

  batch_job_resource_name
end
      

Perl

sub create_batch_job {
  my ($batch_job_service, $customer_id) = @_;

  # Create a batch job operation.
  my $batch_job_operation =
    Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Services::BatchJobService::BatchJobOperation->
    new({create => Google::Ads::GoogleAds::V11::Resources::BatchJob->new({})});

  my $batch_job_resource_name = $batch_job_service->mutate({
      customerId => $customer_id,
      operation  => $batch_job_operation
    })->{result}{resourceName};

  printf
    "Created a batch job with resource name: '%s'.\n",
    $batch_job_resource_name;

  return $batch_job_resource_name;
}
      

Na tym etapie status tym zadaniem będzie PENDING.

Dodaj co najmniej 1 operację mutacji do zadania wsadowego

Dodaj co najmniej MutateOperation do zadania wsadowego utworzonego w poprzednim kroku przez wywołanie AddBatchJobOperations. Odpowiedź będzie zawierać:

  • Łączna liczba operacji dodanych do tej pory dla tego zadania
  • Token sekwencji, który ma zostać użyty przy ponownym wywołaniu tej metody, by dodać więcej operacji

Gdy ponownie wywołujesz funkcję AddBatchJobOperations, aby dodać więcej operacji, pamiętaj, aby określić wcześniej uzyskany token sekwencji w polu sequence_token żądania. Jeśli wywołujesz metodę, korzystając z dowolnego innego tokena sekwencji niż wcześniej uzyskanych, zostanie zwrócony błąd.

Usługa sequence_token jest też dostępna jako next_add_sequence_token z BatchJob, którą możesz później pobrać.

Jeśli tworzysz obiekty zależne, takie jak pełna kampania składająca się z nowej kampanii oraz odpowiadających im grup reklam, reklam i słów kluczowych, możesz użyć tymczasowych identyfikatorów, aby określić nazwę zasobu.

Java

private void addAllBatchJobOperations(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, long customerId, String batchJobResourceName) {
  AddBatchJobOperationsResponse response =
      batchJobServiceClient.addBatchJobOperations(
          AddBatchJobOperationsRequest.newBuilder()
              .setResourceName(batchJobResourceName)
              .addAllMutateOperations(buildAllOperations(customerId))
              .build());
  System.out.printf(
      "%d mutate operations have been added so far.%n", response.getTotalOperations());

  // You can use this next sequence token for calling addBatchJobOperations() next time.
  System.out.printf(
      "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.%n",
      response.getNextSequenceToken());
}
      

C#

private static void AddAllBatchJobOperations(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    long customerId, string batchJobResourceName)
{
    AddBatchJobOperationsResponse response =
        batchJobService.AddBatchJobOperations(
            new AddBatchJobOperationsRequest()
            {
                ResourceName = batchJobResourceName,
                MutateOperations = { BuildAllOperations(customerId) }
            });
    Console.WriteLine($"{response.TotalOperations} mutate operations have been added" +
        $" so far.");

    // You can use this next sequence token for calling AddBatchJobOperations() next time.
    Console.WriteLine($"Next sequence token for adding next operations is " +
        $"'{response.NextSequenceToken}'.");
}
      

PHP

private static function addAllBatchJobOperations(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    int $customerId,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    $response = $batchJobServiceClient->addBatchJobOperations(
        $batchJobResourceName,
        self::buildAllOperations($customerId)
    );
    printf(
        "%d mutate operations have been added so far.%s",
        $response->getTotalOperations(),
        PHP_EOL
    );
    // You can use this next sequence token for calling addBatchJobOperations() next time.
    printf(
        "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.%s",
        $response->getNextSequenceToken(),
        PHP_EOL
    );
}
      

Python

def add_all_batch_job_operations(batch_job_service, operations, resource_name):
    """Adds all mutate operations to the batch job.

    As this is the first time for this batch job, we pass null as a sequence
    token. The response will contain the next sequence token that we can use
    to upload more operations in the future.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        operations: a list of a mutate operations.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.add_batch_job_operations(
            resource_name=resource_name,
            sequence_token=None,
            mutate_operations=operations,
        )

        print(
            f"{response.total_operations} mutate operations have been "
            "added so far."
        )

        # You can use this next sequence token for calling
        # add_batch_job_operations() next time.
        print(
            "Next sequence token for adding next operations is "
            f"{response.next_sequence_token}"
        )
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def add_all_batch_job_operations(
  client,
  batch_job_service,
  customer_id,
  batch_job_resource_name)
  response = batch_job_service.add_batch_job_operations(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
    mutate_operations: build_all_operations(client, customer_id),
  )
  puts "#{response.total_operations} mutate operations have been added so far."

  # You can use this next sequence token for calling
  # add_all_batch_job_operations() next time
  puts "Next sequence token for adding next operations is " \
    "'#{response.next_sequence_token}'"
end
      

Perl

sub add_all_batch_job_operations {
  my ($batch_job_service, $customer_id, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  my $add_batch_job_operations_response = $batch_job_service->add_operations({
      resourceName     => $batch_job_resource_name,
      sequenceToken    => undef,
      mutateOperations => build_all_operations($customer_id)});

  printf
    "%d batch operations have been added so far.\n",
    $add_batch_job_operations_response->{totalOperations};

  # You can use this next sequence token for calling add_operations() next time.
  printf
    "Next sequence token for adding next operations is '%s'.\n",
    $add_batch_job_operations_response->{nextSequenceToken};
}
      

Przejrzyj zawartość buildAllOperations każdej biblioteki klienta poniżej:

Uruchom zadanie wsadowe

Po dodaniu wszystkich operacji możesz poprosić interfejs Google Ads API o uruchomienie zadania zbiorczego, wywołując RunBatchJob w przesłanych operacjach.

Java

private OperationFuture runBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, String batchJobResourceName) {
  OperationFuture operationResponse =
      batchJobServiceClient.runBatchJobAsync(batchJobResourceName);

  // BEWARE! The above call returns an OperationFuture. The execution of that future depends on
  // the thread pool which is owned by batchJobServiceClient. If you use this future, you *must*
  // keep the service client in scope too.
  // See https://developers.google.com/google-ads/api/docs/client-libs/java/lro for more detail.

  System.out.printf(
      "Mutate job with resource name '%s' has been executed.%n", batchJobResourceName);

  return operationResponse;
}
      

C#

private Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> RunBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService, string batchJobResourceName)
{
    Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> operationResponse =
        batchJobService.RunBatchJob(batchJobResourceName);
    Console.WriteLine($"Batch job with resource name '{batchJobResourceName}' has been " +
        $"executed.");

    return operationResponse;
}
      

PHP

private static function runBatchJob(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    $operationResponse = $batchJobServiceClient->runBatchJob($batchJobResourceName);
    printf(
        "Batch job with resource name '%s' has been executed.%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    return $operationResponse;
}
      

Python

def run_batch_job(batch_job_service, resource_name):
    """Runs the batch job for executing all uploaded mutate operations.

    Args:
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.

    Returns: a google.api_core.operation.Operation instance.
    """
    try:
        response = batch_job_service.run_batch_job(resource_name=resource_name)
        print(
            f'Batch job with resource name "{resource_name}" has been '
            "executed."
        )
        return response
    except GoogleAdsException as exception:
        handle_googleads_exception(exception)
      

Ruby

def run_batch_job(batch_job_service, batch_job_resource_name)
  operation_response = batch_job_service.run_batch_job(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
  )
  puts "Batch job with resource name '#{batch_job_resource_name}' " \
    "has been executed."
  operation_response
end
      

Perl

sub run_batch_job {
  my ($batch_job_service, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  my $batch_job_lro =
    $batch_job_service->run({resourceName => $batch_job_resource_name});

  printf
    "Batch job with resource name '%s' has been executed.\n",
    $batch_job_resource_name;

  return $batch_job_lro;
}
      

Zwrócona odpowiedź będzie obiektem obiektu Operation (skróconego LRO). LRO zawiera metadane zadania wsadowego wraz z informacjami o stanie zadania.

Analizuj stan zadania wsadowego, dopóki nie zostanie ukończone

Następnym krokiem jest utworzenie ankiety dotyczącej stanu zadania wsadowego za pomocą LRO&GetOperation. Wartość będzie wynosić GetOperation.

Java

private void pollBatchJob(OperationFuture operationResponse) {
  try {
    operationResponse.get(MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS, TimeUnit.SECONDS);
  } catch (InterruptedException | ExecutionException | TimeoutException e) {
    System.err.printf("Failed polling the mutate job. Exception: %s%n", e);
    System.exit(1);
  }
}
      

C#

private static void PollBatchJob(Operation<Empty, BatchJobMetadata> operationResponse)
{
    PollSettings pollSettings = new PollSettings(
        Expiration.FromTimeout(TimeSpan.FromSeconds(MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS)),
        TimeSpan.FromSeconds(1));
    operationResponse.PollUntilCompleted(pollSettings);
}
      

PHP

private static function pollBatchJob(OperationResponse $operationResponse)
{
    $operationResponse->pollUntilComplete([
        'initialPollDelayMillis' => self::POLL_FREQUENCY_SECONDS * 1000,
        'totalPollTimeoutMillis' => self::MAX_TOTAL_POLL_INTERVAL_SECONDS * 1000
    ]);
}
      

Python

def poll_batch_job(operations_response, event):
    """Polls the server until the batch job execution finishes.

    Sets the initial poll delay time and the total time to wait before time-out.

    Args:
        operations_response: a google.api_core.operation.Operation instance.
        event: an instance of asyncio.Event to invoke once the operations have
            completed, alerting the awaiting calling code that it can proceed.
    """
    loop = asyncio.get_event_loop()

    def done_callback(future):
        # The operations_response object will call callbacks from a daemon
        # thread so we must use a threadsafe method of setting the event here
        # otherwise it will not trigger the awaiting code.
        loop.call_soon_threadsafe(event.set)

    # operations_response represents a Long-Running Operation or LRO. The class
    # provides an interface for polling the API to check when the operation is
    # complete. Below we use the asynchronous interface, but there's also a
    # synchronous interface that uses the Operation.result method.
    # See: https://googleapis.dev/python/google-api-core/latest/operation.html
    operations_response.add_done_callback(done_callback)
      

Ruby

def poll_batch_job(operation_response)
  operation_response.wait_until_done!
end
      

Perl

sub poll_batch_job {
  my ($operation_service, $batch_job_lro) = @_;

  $operation_service->poll_until_done({
    name                 => $batch_job_lro->{name},
    pollFrequencySeconds => POLL_FREQUENCY_SECONDS,
    pollTimeoutSeconds   => POLL_TIMEOUT_SECONDS
  });
}
      

Wyświetl wszystkie wyniki zadania wsadowego

Po zakończeniu wszystkich zadań zbiorczych możesz wyświetlić ich wyniki za pomocą ListBatchJobResults, aby wydrukować ich stany i odpowiedzi:

Java

private void fetchAndPrintResults(
    BatchJobServiceClient batchJobServiceClient, String batchJobResourceName) {
  System.out.printf(
      "Mutate job with resource name '%s' has finished. Now, printing its results...%n",
      batchJobResourceName);
  // Gets all the results from running mutate job and prints their information.
  ListBatchJobResultsPagedResponse batchJobResults =
      batchJobServiceClient.listBatchJobResults(
          ListBatchJobResultsRequest.newBuilder()
              .setResourceName(batchJobResourceName)
              .setPageSize(PAGE_SIZE)
              .build());
  for (BatchJobResult batchJobResult : batchJobResults.iterateAll()) {
    System.out.printf(
        "Mutate job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.%n",
        batchJobResult.getOperationIndex(),
        batchJobResult.getStatus().getMessage().isEmpty()
            ? "N/A"
            : batchJobResult.getStatus().getMessage(),
        batchJobResult
                .getMutateOperationResponse()
                .getResponseCase()
                .equals(ResponseCase.RESPONSE_NOT_SET)
            ? "N/A"
            : batchJobResult.getMutateOperationResponse().getResponseCase());
  }
}
      

C#

private static void FetchAndPrintResults(BatchJobServiceClient batchJobService,
    string batchJobResourceName)
{
    Console.WriteLine($"batch job with resource name '{batchJobResourceName}' has " +
        $"finished. Now, printing its results...");

    ListBatchJobResultsRequest request = new ListBatchJobResultsRequest()
    {
        ResourceName = batchJobResourceName,
        PageSize = PAGE_SIZE,
    };
    ListBatchJobResultsResponse resp = new ListBatchJobResultsResponse();
    // Gets all the results from running batch job and prints their information.
    foreach (BatchJobResult batchJobResult in
        batchJobService.ListBatchJobResults(request))
    {
        if (!batchJobResult.IsFailed)
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"batch job result #{batchJobResult.OperationIndex} is " +
                $"successful and response is of type " +
                $"'{batchJobResult.MutateOperationResponse.ResponseCase}'.");
        }
        else
        {
            Console.WriteLine($"batch job result #{batchJobResult.OperationIndex} " +
                $"failed with error message {batchJobResult.Status.Message}.");

            foreach (GoogleAdsError error in batchJobResult.Failure.Errors)
            {
                Console.WriteLine($"Error found: {error}.");
            }
        }
    }
}
      

PHP

private static function fetchAndPrintResults(
    BatchJobServiceClient $batchJobServiceClient,
    string $batchJobResourceName
) {
    printf(
        "Batch job with resource name '%s' has finished. Now, printing its results...%s",
        $batchJobResourceName,
        PHP_EOL
    );
    // Gets all the results from running batch job and print their information.
    $batchJobResults = $batchJobServiceClient->listBatchJobResults(
        $batchJobResourceName,
        ['pageSize' => self::PAGE_SIZE]
    );
    foreach ($batchJobResults->iterateAllElements() as $batchJobResult) {
        /** @var BatchJobResult $batchJobResult */
        printf(
            "Batch job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.%s",
            $batchJobResult->getOperationIndex(),
            $batchJobResult->getStatus()
                ? $batchJobResult->getStatus()->getMessage() : 'N/A',
            $batchJobResult->getMutateOperationResponse()
                ? $batchJobResult->getMutateOperationResponse()->getResponse()
                : 'N/A',
            PHP_EOL
        );
    }
}
      

Python

def fetch_and_print_results(client, batch_job_service, resource_name):
    """Prints all the results from running the batch job.

    Args:
        client: an initialized GoogleAdsClient instance.
        batch_job_service: an instance of the BatchJobService message class.
        resource_name: a str of a resource name for a batch job.
    """
    print(
        f'Batch job with resource name "{resource_name}" has finished. '
        "Now, printing its results..."
    )

    list_results_request = client.get_type("ListBatchJobResultsRequest")
    list_results_request.resource_name = resource_name
    list_results_request.page_size = PAGE_SIZE
    # Gets all the results from running batch job and prints their information.
    batch_job_results = batch_job_service.list_batch_job_results(
        request=list_results_request
    )

    for batch_job_result in batch_job_results:
        status = batch_job_result.status.message
        status = status if status else "N/A"
        result = batch_job_result.mutate_operation_response
        result = result or "N/A"
        print(
            f"Batch job #{batch_job_result.operation_index} "
            f'has a status "{status}" and response type "{result}"'
        )
      

Ruby

def fetch_and_print_results(batch_job_service, batch_job_resource_name)
  puts "Batch job with resource name '#{batch_job_resource_name}' has " \
    "finished. Now, printing its results..." \

  # Gets all the results from running batch job and print their information.
  batch_job_results = batch_job_service.list_batch_job_results(
    resource_name: batch_job_resource_name,
    page_size: PAGE_SIZE,
  )
  batch_job_results.each do |result|
    puts "Batch job ##{result.operation_index} has a status " \
      "#{result.status ? result.status.message : 'N/A'} and response of type " \
      "#{result.mutate_operation_response ? result.mutate_operation_response.response : 'N/A'}"
  end
end
      

Perl

sub fetch_and_print_results {
  my ($batch_job_service, $batch_job_resource_name) = @_;

  printf "Batch job with resource name '%s' has finished. " .
    "Now, printing its results...\n", $batch_job_resource_name;

  # Get all the results from running batch job and print their information.
  my $list_batch_job_results_response = $batch_job_service->list_results({
    resourceName => $batch_job_resource_name,
    pageSize     => PAGE_SIZE
  });

  foreach my $batch_job_result (@{$list_batch_job_results_response->{results}})
  {
    printf
      "Batch job #%d has a status '%s' and response of type '%s'.\n",
      $batch_job_result->{operationIndex},
      $batch_job_result->{status} ? $batch_job_result->{status}{message}
      : "N/A",
      $batch_job_result->{mutateOperationResponse}
      ? [keys %{$batch_job_result->{mutateOperationResponse}}]->[0]
      : "N/A";
  }
}
      

Jeśli odpowiednia operacja zakończyła się powodzeniem, response z mutate_operation_response zawiera wynik z jego resource_name. Ponadto zasób wyniku zawiera zmodyfikowany zasób ze wszystkimi zmiennymi polami, jeśli pole response_content_type jest ustawione na MUTABLE_RESOURCE.

Jeśli odpowiednia operacja spowodowała błędy i nie mogła zostać ukończona, pole mutate_operation_response ma wartość null.

Pole status obiektu BatchJobResult zawiera szczegóły każdego nieudanego działania.