Consultar libro de recetas

En esta guía, se proporciona un conjunto de búsquedas del lenguaje de consultas de Google Ads que demuestran cómo mostrar los mismos datos que las pantallas de la IU de Google Ads, además de cómo buscar las constantes de ubicación geográfica. Puedes usar estas consultas como están o como puntos de partida para crear tus propias consultas personalizadas.

Cómo replicar las pantallas de la IU de Google Ads

En esta sección, se muestran las consultas a la API que muestran los mismos datos que las pantallas predeterminadas de la IU de Google Ads. Si estás compilando una app que muestra métricas y datos de manera similar a Google Ads, estas consultas pueden ayudarte a extraer datos análogos de la API.

Campañas

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de las campañas en la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla Campañas de la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT campaign.name,
  campaign_budget.amount_micros,
  campaign.status,
  campaign.optimization_score,
  campaign.advertising_channel_type,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros,
  campaign.bidding_strategy_type
FROM campaign
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND campaign.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT campaign.name,
    campaign_budget.amount_micros,
    campaign.status,
    campaign.optimization_score,
    campaign.advertising_channel_type,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros,
    campaign.bidding_strategy_type
  FROM campaign
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND campaign.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Grupos de anuncios

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de los grupos de anuncios en la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de grupos de anuncios en la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group.name,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.status,
  ad_group.type,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros
FROM ad_group
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND ad_group.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group.name,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.status,
    ad_group.type,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros
  FROM ad_group
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND ad_group.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Anuncios

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de Ads en la IU

Ten en cuenta que esta consulta en particular recupera los componentes individuales de un anuncio de texto expandido, que se ven juntos en la columna Anuncio de la pantalla de la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de anuncios de la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part1,
  ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part2,
  ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part3,
  ad_group_ad.ad.final_urls,
  ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.description,
  ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.description2,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  ad_group_ad.policy_summary.approval_status,
  ad_group_ad.ad.type,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros
FROM ad_group_ad
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND ad_group_ad.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part1,
    ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part2,
    ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.headline_part3,
    ad_group_ad.ad.final_urls,
    ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.description,
    ad_group_ad.ad.expanded_text_ad.description2,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    ad_group_ad.policy_summary.approval_status,
    ad_group_ad.ad.type,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros
  FROM ad_group_ad
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND ad_group_ad.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Extensiones

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de las extensiones en la IU.

Ten en cuenta que esta consulta en particular recupera los componentes individuales de una extensión de vínculos a sitios, que se ven en la columna Extensión de la IU. Además, la columna Level (Pantalla) de la IU se representa en la consulta como dos campos, campaign.name y ad_group.name.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de extensiones de IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT extension_feed_item.sitelink_feed_item.line1,
  extension_feed_item.sitelink_feed_item.line2,
  extension_feed_item.extension_type,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  extension_feed_item.status,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros
FROM extension_feed_item
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND extension_feed_item.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT extension_feed_item.sitelink_feed_item.line1,
    extension_feed_item.sitelink_feed_item.line2,
    extension_feed_item.extension_type,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    extension_feed_item.status,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros
  FROM extension_feed_item
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND extension_feed_item.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Palabras clave de la Búsqueda

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de las palabras clave de la Búsqueda en la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de palabras clave de la Búsqueda en la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group_criterion.keyword.text,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
  ad_group_criterion.keyword.match_type,
  ad_group_criterion.approval_status,
  ad_group_criterion.final_urls,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros
FROM keyword_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND ad_group_criterion.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group_criterion.keyword.text,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
    ad_group_criterion.keyword.match_type,
    ad_group_criterion.approval_status,
    ad_group_criterion.final_urls,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros
  FROM keyword_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND ad_group_criterion.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Términos de búsqueda

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de los términos de búsqueda en la IU

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de términos de búsqueda en la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT search_term_view.search_term,
  segments.keyword.info.match_type,
  search_term_view.status,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros,
  campaign.advertising_channel_type
FROM search_term_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT search_term_view.search_term,
    segments.keyword.info.match_type,
    search_term_view.status,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros,
    campaign.advertising_channel_type
  FROM search_term_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
"
}'

Públicos

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de Públicos en la IU.

Tenga en cuenta que la API de informes muestra públicos según sus ID de criterio. Para obtener los nombres visibles, busca los ID en las tablas de referencia que se proporcionan en la página Códigos y formatos. Puedes clave el campo ad_group_criterion.type para determinar qué tipo de criterio usar.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla Públicos de la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group_criterion.resource_name,
  ad_group_criterion.type,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
  ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros,
  campaign.advertising_channel_type
FROM ad_group_audience_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group_criterion.resource_name,
    ad_group_criterion.type,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
    ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros,
    campaign.advertising_channel_type
  FROM ad_group_audience_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
"
}'

Edad (datos demográficos)

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de datos demográficos de edad en la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de edades de la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group_criterion.age_range.type,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
  ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros,
  campaign.advertising_channel_type
FROM age_range_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group_criterion.age_range.type,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
    ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros,
    campaign.advertising_channel_type
  FROM age_range_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
"
}'

Género (datos demográficos)

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de Datos demográficos de género en la IU.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla de género en la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT ad_group_criterion.gender.type,
  campaign.name,
  ad_group.name,
  ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
  ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros,
  campaign.advertising_channel_type
FROM gender_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT ad_group_criterion.gender.type,
    campaign.name,
    ad_group.name,
    ad_group_criterion.system_serving_status,
    ad_group_criterion.bid_modifier,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros,
    campaign.advertising_channel_type
  FROM gender_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
"
}'

Ubicaciones

Pantalla de descripción general predeterminada de Ubicaciones en la IU.

Ten en cuenta que la API de informes muestra las ubicaciones según sus ID de criterio. Para obtener sus nombres visibles, busca campaign_criterion.location.geo_target_constant en las tablas de referencia proporcionadas en la página Códigos y formatos o usa la API a fin de consultar el recurso geo_target_constant.

Pantalla de IU

Pantalla Ubicaciones de la IU de Google Ads

Consulta sobre la API

GAQL

SELECT campaign_criterion.location.geo_target_constant,
  campaign.name,
  campaign_criterion.bid_modifier,
  metrics.clicks,
  metrics.impressions,
  metrics.ctr,
  metrics.average_cpc,
  metrics.cost_micros
FROM location_view
WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
  AND campaign_criterion.status != 'REMOVED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data '{
"query": "
  SELECT campaign_criterion.location.geo_target_constant,
    campaign.name,
    campaign_criterion.bid_modifier,
    metrics.clicks,
    metrics.impressions,
    metrics.ctr,
    metrics.average_cpc,
    metrics.cost_micros
  FROM location_view
  WHERE segments.date DURING LAST_7_DAYS
    AND campaign_criterion.status != 'REMOVED'
"
}'

Cómo buscar constantes geográficas

En la página Códigos y formatos, se proporcionan tablas de referencia para la mayoría de las constantes que se usan en la API. Sin embargo, también puede buscar de manera dinámica algunas constantes con el lenguaje de consulta de Google Ads.

En este ejemplo, se muestra cómo buscar una ubicación por su nombre de recurso o su nombre visible.

Por nombre de recurso

Busca Mountain View, California, por el nombre del recurso geoTargetConstants/1014044.

GAQL

SELECT geo_target_constant.canonical_name,
  geo_target_constant.country_code,
  geo_target_constant.id,
  geo_target_constant.name,
  geo_target_constant.status,
  geo_target_constant.target_type
FROM geo_target_constant
WHERE geo_target_constant.resource_name = 'geoTargetConstants/1014044'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data "{
\"query\": \"
  SELECT geo_target_constant.canonical_name,
    geo_target_constant.country_code,
    geo_target_constant.id,
    geo_target_constant.name,
    geo_target_constant.status,
    geo_target_constant.target_type
  FROM geo_target_constant
  WHERE geo_target_constant.resource_name = 'geoTargetConstants/1014044'
\"
}"

Por nombre visible

Busca “Mountain View” como el nombre de una ciudad en Estados Unidos.

GAQL

SELECT geo_target_constant.canonical_name,
  geo_target_constant.country_code,
  geo_target_constant.id,
  geo_target_constant.name,
  geo_target_constant.status,
  geo_target_constant.target_type
FROM geo_target_constant
WHERE geo_target_constant.country_code = 'US'
  AND geo_target_constant.target_type = 'City'
  AND geo_target_constant.name = 'Mountain View'
  AND geo_target_constant.status = 'ENABLED'

cURL

curl -f --request POST "https://googleads.googleapis.com/v${API_VERSION}/customers/${CUSTOMER_ID}/googleAds:searchStream" \
--header "Content-Type: application/json" \
--header "developer-token: ${DEVELOPER_TOKEN}" \
--header "login-customer-id: ${MANAGER_CUSTOMER_ID}" \
--header "Authorization: Bearer ${OAUTH2_ACCESS_TOKEN}" \
--data "{
\"query\": \"
  SELECT geo_target_constant.canonical_name,
    geo_target_constant.country_code,
    geo_target_constant.id,
    geo_target_constant.name,
    geo_target_constant.status,
    geo_target_constant.target_type
  FROM geo_target_constant
  WHERE geo_target_constant.country_code = 'US'
    AND geo_target_constant.target_type = 'City'
    AND geo_target_constant.name = 'Mountain View'
    AND geo_target_constant.status = 'ENABLED'
\"
}"