Creates a minimum distance classifier for the given distance metric. In CLASSIFICATION mode, the nearest class is returned. In REGRESSION mode, the distance to the nearest class center is returned. In RAW mode, the distance to every class center is returned.
ee.Classifier.minimumDistance(metric, kNearest)Classifier
metricString, default: "euclidean"The distance metric to use. Options are:

  'euclidean' - euclidean distance from the unnormalized class mean.

  'cosine' - spectral angle from the unnormalized class mean.

  'mahalanobis' - Mahalanobis distance from the class mean.

kNearestInteger, default: 1If greater than 1, the result will contain an array of the k nearest neighbors or distances, based on the output mode setting. if kNearest is greater than the total number of classes, it will be set equal to the number of classes.


Code Editor (JavaScript)

// A Sentinel-2 surface reflectance image, reflectance bands selected,
// serves as the source for training and prediction in this contrived example.
var img = ee.Image('COPERNICUS/S2_SR/20210109T185751_20210109T185931_T10SEG')

// ESA WorldCover land cover map, used as label source in classifier training.
var lc = ee.Image('ESA/WorldCover/v100/2020');

// Remap the land cover class values to a 0-based sequential series.
var classValues = [10, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 90, 95, 100];
var remapValues = ee.List.sequence(0, 10);
var label = 'lc';
lc = lc.remap(classValues, remapValues).rename(label).toByte();

// Add land cover as a band of the reflectance image and sample 100 pixels at
// 10 m scale from each land cover class within a region of interest.
var roi = ee.Geometry.Rectangle(-122.347, 37.743, -122.024, 37.838);
var sample = img.addBands(lc).stratifiedSample({
  numPoints: 100,
  classBand: label,
  region: roi,
  scale: 10,
  geometries: true

// Add a random value field to the sample and use it to approximately split 80%
// of the features into a training set and 20% into a validation set.
sample = sample.randomColumn();
var trainingSample = sample.filter('random <= 0.8');
var validationSample = sample.filter('random > 0.8');

// Train a minimum distance classifier (Mahalanobis distance metric) from
// the training sample.
var trainedClassifier = ee.Classifier.minimumDistance('mahalanobis').train({
  features: trainingSample,
  classProperty: label,
  inputProperties: img.bandNames()

// Get information about the trained classifier.
print('Results of trained classifier', trainedClassifier.explain());

// Get a confusion matrix and overall accuracy for the training sample.
var trainAccuracy = trainedClassifier.confusionMatrix();
print('Training error matrix', trainAccuracy);
print('Training overall accuracy', trainAccuracy.accuracy());

// Get a confusion matrix and overall accuracy for the validation sample.
validationSample = validationSample.classify(trainedClassifier);
var validationAccuracy = validationSample.errorMatrix(label, 'classification');
print('Validation error matrix', validationAccuracy);
print('Validation accuracy', validationAccuracy.accuracy());

// Classify the reflectance image from the trained classifier.
var imgClassified = img.classify(trainedClassifier);

// Add the layers to the map.
var classVis = {
  min: 0,
  max: 10,
  palette: ['006400' ,'ffbb22', 'ffff4c', 'f096ff', 'fa0000', 'b4b4b4',
            'f0f0f0', '0064c8', '0096a0', '00cf75', 'fae6a0']
Map.setCenter(-122.184, 37.796, 12);
Map.addLayer(img, {bands: ['B11', 'B8', 'B3'], min: 100, max: 3500}, 'img');
Map.addLayer(lc, classVis, 'lc');
Map.addLayer(imgClassified, classVis, 'Classified');
Map.addLayer(roi, {color: 'white'}, 'ROI', false, 0.5);
Map.addLayer(trainingSample, {color: 'black'}, 'Training sample', false);
Map.addLayer(validationSample, {color: 'white'}, 'Validation sample', false);