Computes the normalized difference between two bands. If the bands to use are not specified, uses the first two bands. The normalized difference is computed as (first − second) / (first + second). Note that the returned image band name is 'nd', the input image properties are not retained in the output image, and a negative pixel value in either input band will cause the output pixel to be masked. To avoid masking negative input values, use ee.Image.expression() to compute normalized difference.
this: inputImageThe input image.
bandNamesList, default: nullA list of names specifying the bands to use. If not specified, the first and second bands are used.


Code Editor (JavaScript)

// A Landsat 8 surface reflectance image.
var img = ee.Image('LANDSAT/LC08/C02/T1_L2/LC08_044034_20210508');

// Calculate normalized difference vegetation index: (NIR - Red) / (NIR + Red).
var nirBand = 'SR_B5';
var redBand = 'SR_B4';
var ndvi = img.normalizedDifference([nirBand, redBand]);

// Display NDVI result on the map.
Map.setCenter(-122.148, 37.377, 11);
Map.addLayer(ndvi, {min: 0, max: 0.5}, 'NDVI');