ee.ImageCollection.mean

Reduces an image collection by calculating the mean of all values at each pixel across the stack of all matching bands. Bands are matched by name.
UsageReturns
ImageCollection.mean()Image
ArgumentTypeDetails
this: collectionImageCollectionThe image collection to reduce.

Examples

Code Editor (JavaScript)

// Sentinel-2 image collection for July 2021 intersecting a point of interest.
// Reflectance, cloud probability, and scene classification bands are selected.
var col = ee.ImageCollection('COPERNICUS/S2_SR')
  .filterDate('2021-07-01', '2021-08-01')
  .filterBounds(ee.Geometry.Point(-122.373, 37.448))
  .select('B.*|MSK_CLDPRB|SCL');

// Visualization parameters for reflectance RGB.
var visRefl = {
  bands: ['B11', 'B8', 'B3'],
  min: 0,
  max: 4000
};
Map.setCenter(-122.373, 37.448, 9);
Map.addLayer(col, visRefl, 'Collection reference', false);

// Reduce the collection to a single image using a variety of methods.
var mean = col.mean();
Map.addLayer(mean, visRefl, 'Mean (B11, B8, B3)');

var median = col.median();
Map.addLayer(median, visRefl, 'Median (B11, B8, B3)');

var min = col.min();
Map.addLayer(min, visRefl, 'Min (B11, B8, B3)');

var max = col.max();
Map.addLayer(max, visRefl, 'Max (B11, B8, B3)');

var sum = col.sum();
Map.addLayer(sum,
  {bands: ['MSK_CLDPRB'], min: 0, max: 500}, 'Sum (MSK_CLDPRB)');

var product = col.product();
Map.addLayer(product,
  {bands: ['MSK_CLDPRB'], min: 0, max: 1e10}, 'Product (MSK_CLDPRB)');

// ee.ImageCollection.mode returns the most common value. If multiple mode
// values occur, the minimum mode value is returned.
var mode = col.mode();
Map.addLayer(mode, {bands: ['SCL'], min: 1, max: 11}, 'Mode (pixel class)');

// ee.ImageCollection.count returns the frequency of valid observations. Here,
// image pixels are masked based on cloud probability to add valid observation
// variability to the collection. Note that pixels with no valid observations
// are masked out of the returned image.
var notCloudCol = col.map(function(img) {
  return img.updateMask(img.select('MSK_CLDPRB').lte(10));
});
var count = notCloudCol.count();
Map.addLayer(count, {min: 1, max: 5}, 'Count (not cloud observations)');

// ee.ImageCollection.mosaic composites images according to their position in
// the collection (priority is last to first) and pixel mask status, where
// invalid (mask value 0) pixels are filled by preceding valid (mask value >0)
// pixels.
var mosaic = notCloudCol.mosaic();
Map.addLayer(mosaic, visRefl, 'Mosaic (B11, B8, B3)');